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Phase 2 Study of MP4CO to Treat Vaso-occlusive Sickle Crisis

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(Sangart ceased operations)
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01925001
First Posted: August 19, 2013
Last Update Posted: October 28, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sangart
  Purpose

Sickle Cell disease is caused by an inherited hemoglobin disorder. Healthy red blood cells are discoid and can deform and move through small blood vessels to carry oxygen to all parts of the body. In Sickle Cell disease, as red blood cells circulate and oxygen is released, the deoxygenated abnormal Hemoglobin S can begin to polymerize and cause red cells to become sticky and elongated. These "sickled" red cells are less flexible and will obstruct small blood vessels and prevent normal red cells from circulating freely, which limits oxygen delivery to tissues and organs. This is known as a "sickling crisis" or "vaso-occlusive crisis" and is the leading cause of hospitalization in patients with Sickle Cell disease.

Patients suffering from a sickle crisis experience severe pain and are at risk of stroke, heart attack or even death. Current therapy is limited to hydration and symptomatic pain relief. The administration of MP4CO as an adjunct treatment to standard therapy may alleviate pain associated with a sickling crisis and potentially reduce the severity and duration of a crisis. This may shorten the time in hospital and potentially improve the quality of life for patients with sickle cell anemia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Anemia, Sickle Cell Sickle Cell Anemia Sickle Cell Disease Sickle Cell Disorders Hemoglobin SC Disease Sickle Cell Hemoglobin C Disease Drug: MP4CO Drug: Sodium chloride solution Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Multi-center, Randomized, Double-blind, Comparator-Controlled Dose Finding Study to Evaluate MP4CO for the Acute Treatment of Vaso-occlusive Crises in Subjects With Sickle Cell Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Sangart:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Duration of hospitalization for treatment of painful vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Time from randomization to resolution of the vaso-occlusive crisis, assessed by evaluation of cessation of opioid analgesia, recovery of ambulation, and/or ready for hospital discharge.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Pain levels [ Time Frame: Up to 7 days ]
    Proportion of subjects with a pre-defined reduction in pain levels assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS)

  • Readmission to emergency room (ER) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Proportion of subjects with at least one return visit to ER after hospital discharge

  • Re-admission to hospital for treatment of VOC [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Proportion of subjects re-admitted to hospital for VOC treatment within 7 days after discharge

  • Acute Chest Syndrome (ACS) complications [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Proportion of subjects with ACS complications


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Adverse events (AEs) assessed daily through 7 days, and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) throughout Day 28 follow-up visit

  • Urine biomarkers [ Time Frame: Up to 7 days ]
    Urinalysis, and biomarkers to evaluate renal function

  • Ambulation [ Time Frame: Daily up to 7 days ]
    Ability to ambulate assessed by Chair Rise and 50-foot walk tests

  • Pain diary [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year (on average) ]
    Electronic diary recording of daily pain levels using a visual analogue scale (VAS)


Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: October 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: MP4CO
Escalating doses of MP4CO, administered intravenously
Drug: MP4CO
43 mg/mL pegylated carboxyhemoglobin [≥ 90% CO hemoglobin saturation] in physiological acetate electrolyte solution
Other Names:
  • Pegylated carboxyhemoglobin
  • PEG carboxyhemoglobin
Active Comparator: Sodium chloride solution
Normal saline (0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP)administered intravenously
Drug: Sodium chloride solution
Normal saline solution (0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP)
Other Names:
  • Normal saline
  • Sodium chloride USP
  • 0.9% NaCl solution

Detailed Description:

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an autosomal recessive disorder of the β globin gene of the hemoglobin molecule. To date, no specific agent has been approved to treat a sickle cell crisis, to reduce the severity of a sickling crisis, or to shorten the duration of admission. Current therapy for a crisis is limited to hydration and symptomatic pain relief with opiates when pain is severe enough to cause admission to hospital. Administration of oxygen by inhalation alone has not proven effective. The carbon monoxide (CO) molecule binds to Hb S and, while attached, prevents and reverses polymerization of Hb S chains and the distortion of the red cell. CO at very low doses also acts as a cell-signaling molecule, and may reduce inflammation, decrease oxygen requirements, and prevent programmed cell death (apoptosis).

MP4CO is designed as an ischemic rescue therapy to deliver non-toxic levels of CO, to provide an immediate metabolic signal to cells to help reverse red cell sickling, and to reduce inflammation.

Previously published studies provide a foundation to postulate that MP4CO might have the appropriate properties for treatment or reversal of an acute sickling crisis. The initial release of CO from MP4CO is predicted to have a beneficial effect including immediate stabilization of Hb S to prevent further red cell polymerization and reverse existing sickling, dilation of capillaries to enhance tissue perfusion, and anti-inflammatory cell-signalling properties. The subsequent circulation of the MP4 molecule as an oxygen therapeutic (after converting to MP4OX following oxygenation in the lungs) will help to 1) preferentially oxygenate ischemic tissue, 2) reverse partially sickled red cells, and 3) improve perfusion and oxygenation of local tissues to potentially ameliorate the painful crisis caused by sickling of red cells. In addition, MP4CO has enhanced chemical stability, which enables storage at room temperature.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed Informed Consent (and assent as required for minors)
  • Diagnosis of SCD (known HbSS or HbSß0)
  • Sixteen years of age or older
  • Prior history of at least one VOC requiring hospitalization within the last 24 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • ≥ 5 VOCs within the preceding 6 months requiring Emergency Room (ER) visits or hospital admissions
  • History of overt stroke or cerebral vascular accident within the previous 12 months
  • Remained in the hospital for ≥2 weeks (14 days) for VOC management within the previous 6 months
  • Known pulmonary hypertension based on an estimated tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity (TRJV) >2.90 m/s or definitive diagnosis by prior right heart catheterization
  • Baseline SaO2 level by pulse oximetry <92% on room air
  • Systemic hypertension (baseline systolic pressure ≥ 160 mmHg or diastolic pressure ≥ 90 mmHg)
  • History of myocardial infarction, myocardial ischemia, or angina
  • On a chronic red blood cell transfusion therapy program (simple or exchange)
  • Renal dysfunction presenting with a GFR<60 mL/min/1.73m
  • Any diagnosis of a concurrent chronic debilitating disease that may affect the completion of the study or results of the study as determined by the investigator
  • Currently enrolled in any other investigational treatment study
  • Significant substance abuse.
  • Known to have HIV, active hepatitis B, or C infection, or active tuberculosis
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01925001


Locations
Bahrain
Salmaniya Medical Complex
Manama, Bahrain
Belgium
University Hospital Brugmann
Brussels, Belgium
Brazil
Rio de Janerio Instituto Estadual de Hematologie
Rio de Janerio, Brazil
France
Hôpital Henri Mondor
Créteil, France
Georges Pompidou European University Hospital
Paris, France
Lebanon
American Univ. of Beirut Medical Center
Beirut, Lebanon
Univ. Medical Center Rizk Hospital
Beirut, Lebanon
Netherlands
Academic Medical Center
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Qatar
Cornell Medical City
Doha, Qatar
Turkey
Cukurova University Medical Facilty
Adana, Turkey
Mersin University Medical Faculty
Mersin, Turkey
United Kingdom
Guys Hospital
London, United Kingdom
King's College Hospital
London, United Kingdom
Queen Mary Hospital
London, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sangart
Investigators
Study Director: Tania Small, MD Sangart, Inc., San Diego, CA
Principal Investigator: Swee Lay Thein, MD King's College Hospital NHS Trust
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Vandegriff KD, Young MA, Lohman J, Bellelli A, Samaja M, Malavalli A, Winslow RM. CO-MP4, a polyethylene glycol-conjugated haemoglobin derivative and carbon monoxide carrier that reduces myocardial infarct size in rats. Br J Pharmacol. 2008 Aug;154(8):1649-61. doi: 10.1038/bjp.2008.219. Epub 2008 Jun 9.
Vandegriff KD, Bellelli A, Samaja M, Malavalli A, Brunori M, Winslow RM. Kinetics of NO and O2 binding to a maleimide poly(ethylene glycol)-conjugated human haemoglobin. Biochem J. 2004 Aug 15;382(Pt 1):183-9.
Tsai AG, Vandegriff KD, Intaglietta M, Winslow RM. Targeted O2 delivery by low-P50 hemoglobin: a new basis for O2 therapeutics. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2003 Oct;285(4):H1411-9. Epub 2003 Jun 12.
Cole RH, Vandegriff KD. MP4, a vasodilatory PEGylated hemoglobin. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2011;701:85-90. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4419-7756-4_12.
Vandegriff KD, Malavalli A, Mkrtchyan GM, Spann SN, Baker DA, Winslow RM. Sites of modification of hemospan, a poly(ethylene glycol)-modified human hemoglobin for use as an oxygen therapeutic. Bioconjug Chem. 2008 Nov 19;19(11):2163-70. doi: 10.1021/bc8002666.
Svergun DI, Ekström F, Vandegriff KD, Malavalli A, Baker DA, Nilsson C, Winslow RM. Solution structure of poly(ethylene) glycol-conjugated hemoglobin revealed by small-angle X-ray scattering: implications for a new oxygen therapeutic. Biophys J. 2008 Jan 1;94(1):173-81. Epub 2007 Sep 7.
Tsai AG, Cabrales P, Manjula BN, Acharya SA, Winslow RM, Intaglietta M. Dissociation of local nitric oxide concentration and vasoconstriction in the presence of cell-free hemoglobin oxygen carriers. Blood. 2006 Nov 15;108(10):3603-10. Epub 2006 Jul 20.
Vandegriff KD, McCarthy M, Rohlfs RJ, Winslow RM. Colloid osmotic properties of modified hemoglobins: chemically cross-linked versus polyethylene glycol surface-conjugated. Biophys Chem. 1997 Nov;69(1):23-30.
Ballas SK, Gupta K, Adams-Graves P. Sickle cell pain: a critical reappraisal. Blood. 2012 Nov 1;120(18):3647-56. doi: 10.1182/blood-2012-04-383430. Epub 2012 Aug 24. Review.
Belcher JD, Young M, Chen C, Nguyen J, Burhop K, Tran P, Vercellotti GM. MP4CO, a pegylated hemoglobin saturated with carbon monoxide, is a modulator of HO-1, inflammation, and vaso-occlusion in transgenic sickle mice. Blood. 2013 Oct 10;122(15):2757-64. doi: 10.1182/blood-2013-02-486282. Epub 2013 Aug 1.
Belcher JD, Mahaseth H, Welch TE, Otterbein LE, Hebbel RP, Vercellotti GM. Heme oxygenase-1 is a modulator of inflammation and vaso-occlusion in transgenic sickle mice. J Clin Invest. 2006 Mar;116(3):808-16. Epub 2006 Feb 16.
Bilban M, Haschemi A, Wegiel B, Chin BY, Wagner O, Otterbein LE. Heme oxygenase and carbon monoxide initiate homeostatic signaling. J Mol Med (Berl). 2008 Mar;86(3):267-79. Epub 2007 Nov 22. Review.
Piantadosi CA, Withers CM, Bartz RR, MacGarvey NC, Fu P, Sweeney TE, Welty-Wolf KE, Suliman HB. Heme oxygenase-1 couples activation of mitochondrial biogenesis to anti-inflammatory cytokine expression. J Biol Chem. 2011 May 6;286(18):16374-85. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.207738. Epub 2011 Mar 18.
Powars DR, Chan LS, Hiti A, Ramicone E, Johnson C. Outcome of sickle cell anemia: a 4-decade observational study of 1056 patients. Medicine (Baltimore). 2005 Nov;84(6):363-76.

Responsible Party: Sangart
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01925001     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SCD-206
First Submitted: August 14, 2013
First Posted: August 19, 2013
Last Update Posted: October 28, 2013
Last Verified: October 2013

Keywords provided by Sangart:
Sickle cell anemia
Sickle cell disease
Sickling crisis
Vaso-occlusive crisis
Carboxyhemoglobin
Oxygen therapeutic
Ischemic rescue therapy
Hemoglobin solution
Pegylated hemoglobin

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anemia
Anemia, Sickle Cell
Hemoglobin SC Disease
Hemoglobin C Disease
Hematologic Diseases
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Hemoglobinopathies
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Pharmaceutical Solutions


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