Technology-Based Tools to Enhance Quality of Care in Mental Health Treatment

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01915160
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 2, 2013
Last Update Posted : September 30, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Medical University of South Carolina

Brief Summary:
Nearly 9 million U.S. children (1 in 8) meet criteria for at least one mental health disorder at any point in time. Effective treatments exist for these disorders, but children and families who seek services rarely receive them; mental health providers need more support in the delivery of these interventions to ensure that children and families are receiving the best quality care. This project aims to improve the delivery of best practices for families who seek mental health care by developing creative, technology-based resources for providers. Once we have completed development of the tablet-based resources, we will conduct a small randomized study with 20 families to examine the feasibility and prepare for a large study to test the effectiveness of the resources.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Behavioral: eTF-CBT Behavioral: TF-CBT Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Efficacious treatments exist for a wide range of psychiatric disorders, but these treatments rarely are delivered with high fidelity in mental health service settings. Research is needed to ensure that these treatments become more accessible in day-to-day clinical care. Innovative, low-cost approaches are essential, particularly in settings where resources are limited. Technological advances have made possible the development of low-cost and highly efficient (i.e., minimal time burden to providers) resources that can be delivered via internet, tablets, Smartphone, and other technologies to improve quality of care. Research is needed to inform these efforts and evaluate the feasibility and utility of this approach. Widespread availability of technology-based resources may represent an important step toward making evidence-based treatment more accessible to children and adults if research supports their utility. Our research team has led the development and evaluation of several e-health and e-learning tools for patients and providers. This has positioned us well to develop and rigorously evaluate a technology-based toolkit to enhance providers' delivery of evidence-based treatment. Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT), an empirically supported treatment for children with posttraumatic stress reactions, is widely used by community providers and is ideal for testing the use of technology-based resources because the protocol addresses multiple symptom domains as well as both children and caregivers. We propose to develop and examine the feasibility of a technology-based toolkit for TF-CBT (e-TFCBT) that is designed to enhance the quality, accessibility, and efficacy of treatment. The toolkit will consist of web-based applications that are optimized for use on mobile devices. We conducted an interview of 21 nationally certified trainers in TF-CBT to guide an initial list of resources that are intended to address known problems with fidelity and engagement. Providers will use most of these resources in session to maximize fidelity and enhance child engagement and learning. The resources will be alpha-tested with families and providers and then beta-tested with providers; qualitative data will be used to guide refinements to the toolkit. We will then conduct a feasibility trial with 20 families. Results will provide valuable preliminary data in preparation for a randomized controlled trial to examine the additive benefits of web-accessible resources that assist providers in high-fidelity delivery of evidence-based care.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Technology-Based Tools to Enhance Quality of Care in Mental Health Treatment
Study Start Date : November 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Mental Health

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: treatment as usual
Trauma Focused- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT)
Behavioral: TF-CBT
Treatment as usual.

Experimental: tablet assisted therapy toolkit
electronically assisted Trauma Focused-Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (eTF-CBT)
Behavioral: eTF-CBT
Standard treatment with the edition of in-treatment/session iPad activities.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Child Involvement Ratings Scale [ Time Frame: post-treatment; will be assessed throughout the course of treatment (expected to be 12-20 weeks in duration for each participant) ]
    Child engagement will be measured via coding of audiotaped sessions by independent, trained raters who are blind to study purpose and hypotheses. The Child Involvement Ratings Scale (CIRS), a 6-item scale that measures child engagement for each session, will be used. Four "positive" involvement items and two "negative" involvement items are rated for each session on a 6-point scale ("not at all" to "a great deal" present). The positive-involvement items emphasize the extent to which children initiate discussions, demonstrate enthusiasm, self-disclose, and demonstrate understanding. Negative-involvement items address withdrawal or avoidance in treatment. Coders provide ratings based on two 10-min segments of session audiotapes (beginning at min 10 and min 40).

  2. Treatment Adherence Checklist-Revised [ Time Frame: post-treatment; will be assessed throughout the course of treatment; an expected duration of 12-20 weeks ]
    Fidelity to the TF-CBT protocol will be measured via coding of audiotaped treatment sessions by independent, trained raters who are blind to study purpose and hypotheses. Ratings will be completed using the Treatment Adherence Checklist-Revised, a behaviorally specific checklist of TF-CBT provider behavior that we have modified for the current study to ensure relevance to the eTF-CBT condition. This checklist will be used to calculate providers' fidelity to each TF-CBT component. An additional 8 items focus on general therapy skills, not specific to TF-CBT, including establishing an agenda, providing a treatment rationale, and assigning homework. Additional items were created to identify use of eTF-CBT tools to differentiate the two treatment conditions. Two independent raters will listen to tape-recorded treatment session tapes and complete the modified TAC-R to code the presence/absence of specific treatment techniques depicted on the tapes.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children - Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL PTSD module) [ Time Frame: 12-20 weeks ]
    This is a semi-structured interview that is well-established and widely used. It has been used in numerous TF-CBT RCTs. We also will assess functional impairment in school, social, and family life using the K-SADS-PL instrument.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Years to 15 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • victim of at least one potentially traumatic event (e.g. sexual/physical assault, witnessed violence, disaster, serious accident)
  • have at least one symptom on each PTSD symptom cluster (re-experiencing, avoidance, hyperarousal)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • exhibits psychotic symptoms (active hallucinations, delusions, impaired thought processes) by caregiver or child
  • significant cognitive disabilities, developmental delays, or pervasive developmental disorder
  • active suicidal or homicidal ideations
  • no consistent caregiver available to participate

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01915160

United States, South Carolina
Medical University of SC
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 294258908
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical University of South Carolina
Principal Investigator: Kenneth J Ruggiero, PhD Medical University of South Carolina

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Medical University of South Carolina Identifier: NCT01915160     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1R34MH096907-01A1 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 2, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 30, 2016
Last Verified: August 2012

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders
Mental Disorders