Parents' Knowledge and Perception of Benefits and Risks Regarding Neonatal Circumcision
The American Academy of Pediatrics changed their stance on circumcision to "health benefits of newborn male circumcision outweigh the risks and that the procedure's benefits justify access to this procedure for families who choose it" (AAP, 2012).
We wonder if parents are aware of guidelines such as those of the AAP. Are parents able to make this medical decision by weighing the risks against the benefits of circumcision, or do they simply use sociocultural/religious reasons to make this decision? We hypothesize that parents are unaware of the specific benefits and risks of circumcision, and make this decision based primarily on sociocultural, religious, and/or familial norms.
Expectant parents' knowledge will be assessed via a Qualtrics survey. Participants will be recruited in the OB/GYN clinic sometime between their 24-28 week prenatal visit. We hope to accrue at least 680 participants for this study in order to achieve statistical significance and acquire a range of demographics. Expectant mothers and fathers (and single mothers) will be encouraged to participate.
This survey will assess their desire to get their child circumcised when they are born. Participants will be asked to list perceived risks and benefits of circumcision. This will hopefully allow us to see two things: if parents are aware and knowledgeable of the risks and benefits or circumcision, and what they perceive to be risky or beneficial from a medical standpoint.
Parents will be randomly given 1 of 2 pieces of information (1 per couple [or per single mother]; 1 control, 1 experiment) with different information about circumcision. We will see if there are any outcome differences based on which group the couple randomized into. Follow-up phone call will serve to assess outcome if baby was circumcised and any factors that led up to the decision. This will allow us to see if the AAP stance has any effect on decision making when we compare the control and experiment groups.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Other
- Number of children circumcised [ Time Frame: 18 weeks ]
|Actual Study Start Date:||July 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 1, 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 1, 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Sham Comparator: Parent Survival Guide
This arm of the study will focus on the document that is normally given to all parents of newborn infants. It contains information on newborn care such as feeding, cleaning of the baby's penis, etc.
|Other: Parent Survival Guide|
Experimental: AAP Documents + Parent Survival Guide.
This arm of the study will focus on documents created based off of the American Academy of Pediatrics 2012 policy statement. They contain information on the potential risks and benefits of neonatal circumcision. The Parent Survival Guide contains information on newborn care such as feeding, cleaning of the baby's penis, etc.
|Other: AAP Documents Other: Parent Survival Guide|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01909609
|United States, Michigan|
|University of Michigan Health System|
|Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109|