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Dendritic Cell Vaccine Therapy With In Situ Maturation in Pediatric Brain Tumors

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Edward Ziga, University of Miami
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01902771
First received: July 16, 2013
Last updated: October 31, 2016
Last verified: October 2016
  Purpose
DC vaccine manufactured and partially matured using our standard operating procedures, developed in collaboration with the HGG Immuno Group, then administered through imiquimod treated skin will be safe and feasible in children with refractory brain tumors. This will result in anti-tumor immunity that will prolong survival of subjects treated and results will be consistent with the outcomes found for subjects treated by HGG Immuno Group investigators. Study treatment will correlate with laboratory evidence of immune activation. Correlative studies will also reveal targets in the immune system which can be exploited to improve response for patients on successor trials.

Condition Intervention Phase
Glioma
Brain Cancer
Brain Tumor
Glioblastoma Multiforme
High Grade Glioma
Biological: Dendritic Cell Vaccine
Biological: Tumor Lysate
Other: Imiquimod
Procedure: Leukapheresis
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Dendritic Cell Vaccine Therapy With In Situ Maturation for Pediatric Brain Tumors

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Miami:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Rate of Toxicity in Study Participants Receiving Protocol Therapy [ Time Frame: Up to 28 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Rate of treatment-limiting toxicities (TLT) and/or adverse events in study participants receiving protocol therapy.

  • Rate of Feasibility of Protocol Therapy in Study Participants [ Time Frame: Up to 4 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Rate of feasibility of protocol therapy in study participants. Feasibility refers to clinical feasibility - whether or not the patient can have enough monocytes removed to manufacture Dendritic Cells.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Rate of Prolonged Survival or Prolonged Progression-Free Survival in Study Participants [ Time Frame: Up to 24 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Rate of prolonged survival or prolonged progression-free survival in study participants. Overall Survival is defined as the time elapsed from the start of treatment until death. For surviving patients, follow-up will be censored at the date of last contact. Progression-Free Survival (PFS) is defined as the time elapsed from the start of treatment to the date of documented progression or death, whichever comes first.

  • Rate of Measurable Immune Response in Subjects Receiving Protocol Therapy. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Rate of measurable immune response in subjects receiving protocol therapy demonstrated by measurement levels of Myeloid Derived Suppressor Cells before and after treatment.

  • Comparison of clinical parameters of study participants versus associated outcomes for patients on other DC/Imiquimod studies. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A comparison of whether the clinical parameters associated with outcomes described for patients on other DC/Imiquimod protocols hold for subjects treated on this study.

  • Estimation of the Proportion of Subjects with Recurrent Pediatric Brian Tumors who are able to complete DC Vaccine therapy and DC Vaccine + Lysate Therapy. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Estimation of the proportion of subjects with recurrent pediatric brain tumors who are able to receive all administrations of DC, and the proportion who are able to receive all administrations of DC and Lysate.

  • Identification of Parameters Associated with Poorer Activity of the Vaccine in Study Participants [ Time Frame: Up to 24 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Identification of parameters associated with poorer activity of the DC Vaccine in Study Participants in order to develop therapies to augment vaccine therapy.


Enrollment: 1
Study Start Date: July 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: DC Vaccine + Lysate
  • Leukapheresis: Baseline, post-surgery;
  • Dendritic Cell Vaccine (DC Vaccine): Post-Leukapheresis, administered intradermally once weekly via intradermal injection, for 4 weeks for a total of four vaccinations;
  • Tumor Lysate (Lysate): Post-DC Vaccine therapy. Administered intradermally during weeks 8, 12, 16, and 28;
  • Imiquimod: Self-applied topically by subject before and after scheduled DC Vaccine or Lysate administrations.
Biological: Dendritic Cell Vaccine
Post-Leukapheresis. Subjects will receive DC Vaccine administered once weekly, via intradermal injection, for 4 weeks for a total of four vaccinations, per study protocol.
Other Name: DC Vaccine
Biological: Tumor Lysate
Post-DC Vaccine therapy. Up to 1.5 mg of Lysate of tumor per dose administered via intradermal injection at intervals defined by study protocol.
Other Names:
  • Tumor Cell Lysate
  • Lysate of Tumor
Other: Imiquimod
Subjects will self-apply Imiquimod topically to each designated vaccine site before and after scheduled administrations of DC Vaccine or Lysate, per study protocol.
Other Name: Aldara
Procedure: Leukapheresis
Baseline, post-surgery. Subjects will undergo leukapheresis procedure during baseline, after recovery from surgery to collect peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from which dendritic cells will be obtained, per study protocol.
Other Name: Pheresis

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 29 Years   (Child, Adult)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age: ≥ 1 year and ≤ 29 years
  2. Relapse or progression of any central nervous system tumor initially diagnosed before the age of 21 years.
  3. Total or subtotal resection of tumor mass, confirmed by assessment by the neurosurgeon and by postoperative MRI scan within 72 hours after surgery. The post-operative assessment should demonstrate residual tumor less than or equal to 2 cm^3 as judged by surgeon or on MRI the tumor should only show linear contrast enhancement at the border of the resection cavity or nodule less than 2 cm^3.
  4. No radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy received for at least 1 month before first DC vaccination is to be administered.
  5. No treatment with corticosteroids or salicylates for at least 1 week before first vaccination.
  6. Life expectancy ≥ 3 months
  7. Written consent by patient or parent(s) (if patient is < 18 years) on an institutional review board (IRB)-approved informed consent form prior to any study-specific evaluation. Assent is required from children as per University of Miami (UM) IRB guidelines. Subject must be capable of understanding the investigational nature, potential risks and benefits of the study and able to provide valid informed consent.
  8. Adequate organ function (to be measured at enrollment)

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥750/L
    • Lymphocytes ≥ 500/L
    • Platelets ≥ 75,000/L
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/Alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN); if liver metastases, ≤ 5 X ULN
    • Serum Creatinine ≤ 1.5 X ULN
    • Total Bilirubin ≤ 3 X ULN
    • Albumin > 2 g/dL
  9. Subjects must agree to use adequate method of contraception or abstinence throughout and up to 4 weeks after the study treatment completion.
  10. Karnofsky score ≥ 70 or Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status of 0 or 1.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnancy.
  2. Breast feeding females.
  3. Any concomitant participation in other therapeutic trials.
  4. Virus serology positive for HIV (testing is not required in the absence of clinical suspicion).
  5. Documented immunodeficiency or autoimmune disease.
  6. Other active malignancies.
  7. Refusal to use adequate contraception for fertile patients (females and males) during the study and for 30 days after the last dose of study treatment.
  8. Any serious or uncontrolled medical or psychiatric condition that in the opinion of the investigator makes the patient not able to participate in the study.
  9. Application of gliadel wafers within the prior 4 months or a plan to place Gliadel wafers at the time of resection for tumor acquisition for study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01902771

Locations
United States, Florida
University of Miami
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
Sponsors and Collaborators
Edward Ziga
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Edward Ziga, MD University of Miami
  More Information

Responsible Party: Edward Ziga, Assistant Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, University of Miami
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01902771     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 20130136 
Study First Received: July 16, 2013
Last Updated: October 31, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Miami:
Dendritic Cell Vaccine
DCV
Pediatric
Brain Tumor
In Situ
Lysate
Tumor Lysate
Glioblastoma Multiforme
GBM
Pheresis
Leukapheresis
High Grade Glioma
HGG

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glioblastoma
Glioma
Brain Neoplasms
Astrocytoma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vaccines
Imiquimod
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Antineoplastic Agents
Interferon Inducers

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on December 02, 2016