Longitudinal Study of Cognition With Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C (NPC)
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01899950
Recruitment Status :
First Posted : July 16, 2013
Last Update Posted : January 6, 2016
Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network
National Center for Advancing Translational Science (NCATS)
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C (NPC) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder with a wide clinical spectrum and variable age of onset. Classically, children with NPC demonstrate neurological dysfunction with cerebellar ataxia (an inability to coordinate balance, gait, extremity and eye movements), dysarthria (difficulty speaking), seizures, vertical gaze palsy (ability to move eyes in the same direction) motor impairment, dysphagia (trouble swallowing), psychotic episodes, and progressive dementia. There is no curative treatment for NPC and it is a lethal disorder. The purpose of this protocol is to obtain both baseline and rate of progression data on a clinical and biochemical markers that may later be used as outcome measures in a clinical trial. Specifically, this study will examine and characterize the longitudinal progression of neurocognitive symptoms of NPC with the goal of identifying early markers of disease progression that may be utilized in later trials to evaluate treatment efficacy.
Composite score of neurocognitive measures [ Time Frame: Baseline and at yearly intervals for five years ]
The composite score of neurocognitive measures will be calculated as follows: raw scores of neurocognitive tests will be transformed to Z-scores on normative data to allow comparison across measures administered at different ages. A score will be generated for each of the following domains: Intellectual Ability,Visual-Spatial Skills, Rote Verbal Memory, Narrative Verbal Memory, Visual-Spatial Construction, Nonverbal Working Memory, Language, Fine Motor, Attention, Executive Functioning, and Adaptive Behavior. Behavioral and emotional difficulties will be rated in terms of presence or absence of symptoms above a clinical cutoff score.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
2 Years to 99 Years (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Longitudinal observational study of cognition in patients with NPC. Subjects will be recruited from participants in an observational study currently in progress at NIH, and from subjects receiving clinical care at Mayo Clinic. Participants will be administered age-and functionally-appropriate neuropsychological test instruments annually to track cognitive changes over time, and to link these data to the subjects' scores on the NIH disability scale.
All individuals between the ages of 2 years and 99 with an established diagnosis of Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C (biochemical or molecular) will be considered for this study. Patients with both Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C1 (NPC1) and Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C2 (NPC2) mutations are eligible to participate.
Participants with at least one of the following will not be eligible for this study:
Individuals that cannot travel because of their medical condition or are too ill to be cared for at home,
Individuals with stage 4 disease (non-ambulant with vegetative disturbances)
Individuals will be excluded if English is not their primary language
Keywords provided by Marc C. Patterson, M.D., Mayo Clinic:
Niemann-Pick disease type C
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pick Disease of the Brain Frontotemporal Dementia
Niemann-Pick Disease, Type A
Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C
Aphasia, Primary Progressive
Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Lysosomal Storage Diseases, Nervous System
Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Inborn
Brain Diseases, Metabolic