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Immunogenicity and Safety of Group A, C, Y & W-135 Meningococcal Polysaccharide Diphtheria Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01897402
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 12, 2013
Results First Posted : April 23, 2015
Last Update Posted : April 23, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
JN-International Medical Corporation

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the production of antibodies to a new conjugate vaccine, NmVac4-A/C/Y/W-135-DT, as a measure of vaccine effectiveness, compared to the production of antibodies to a similar, licensed meningococcal (Groups A, C, Y, W-135) polysaccharide diphtheria toxoid (DT) conjugate vaccine. The investigators will also evaluate the safety of NmVac4-A/C/Y/W-135-DT™ conjugate vaccine compared to the licensed vaccine. The hypothesis is that the test vaccine is comparable to the licensed active control vaccine.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Meningococcal Meningitis Meningococcal Infections Biological: Test Vaccine Biological: US Licensed Vaccine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Meningococcal disease is a potentially life-threatening bacterial infection. The disease most commonly is expressed as either meningococcal meningitis, an inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord, or meningococcemia, the presence of bacteria in the blood. The most common symptoms include high fever, headache, neck stiffness, confusion, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, and rash. If not treated the disease can progress rapidly and can lead to shock and death, often within hours of the onset of symptoms. The disease is fatal at a rate of 10%. Of patients who recover, 10% have permanent hearing loss or other serious sequelae.

Neisseria meningitidis capsular polysaccharides are poor immunogens. However, conjugation of bacterial polysaccharides to immunogenic carrier proteins generally results in conjugates that induce strong anti-polysaccharide T-helper cell dependent immune responses, creating a longer-lasting immune response and thus protection against meningococcal infection.

The sponsor's small size Phase 1 clinical trial comprised 60 subjects. Therefore, additional data is needed to confirm the previous data with a statistically powered Phase 2 clinical trial. The present study aims to evaluate subject responses to single doses, administered in adult subjects, to determine further safety and immunogenicity of the vaccine. This study compares safety and antibody production induced by one intramuscular injection of either NmVac4-A/C/Y/W-135-DT or a licensed meningococcal (Groups A, C, Y, W-135) polysaccharide diphtheria toxoid conjugate vaccine. The primary immunogenicity endpoint will be seroresponse, based on antibody titer ≥1:8 for subjects with titer <1:8 at baseline or a 4-fold rise in antibody levels, 4 weeks after a single injection . The number and proportion of subjects achieving seroresponse will be tabulated by serogroup for each vaccine group. A non-inferiority test will be used to determine if the immune response elicited by NmVac4 A/C/Y/W-135-DT™ is not less than a specified difference in percent seroconversion from the licensed control vaccine. Participants will attend a screening visit up to 6 weeks prior to vaccination (day 0), then will attend study visits for 4 weeks. There will be a study phone call at days 2-3, then a post-study call to subjects to assess safety at 26 weeks.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 525 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 2 Double Blind Study to Evaluate Safety and Immunogenicity of Meningococcal Meningitis Serogroups A, C, Y & W-135 Polysaccharide Diphtheria Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine (NmVac4-A/C/Y/W-135-DT™) Compared With a Licensed Vaccine
Study Start Date : July 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Test Vaccine
NmVac4-A/C/Y/W-135-DT™ conjugate vaccine
Biological: Test Vaccine
NmVac4-A/C/Y/W-135-DT™ conjugate is a vaccine in liquid form composed of purified polysaccharides (PS) conjugated to diphtheria toxoid. Single intramuscular 0.5 mL dose contains 4 µg each of Serogroup A, C, W-135, and Y PS conjugated to approximately 26 µg total diphtheria toxoid.
Other Names:
  • meningococcal meningitis conjugate vaccine, quadrivalent
  • NmVac4-A/C/Y/W-135-DT™

Active Comparator: US Licensed Vaccine
Meningococcal (Groups A, C, Y and W-135) Polysaccharide Diphtheria Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine
Biological: US Licensed Vaccine
Meningococcal (Groups A,C,Y,W-135) Polysaccharide Diphtheria Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine 0.5 mL dose, intramuscular. Single dose contains 4 µg each Serogroup A, C, W-135 and Y conjugated to approximately 48 µg total diphtheria toxoid.
Other Name: meningococcal meningitis conjugate vaccine, quadrivalent

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Seroresponse (Percent Seroconversion). [ Time Frame: Week 4 after injection ]
    Rise in antibody titers in serum at 4 weeks after vaccination, compared to baseline titer for meningococcal serogroups A, C, Y, and W-135. Serum Bactericidal Assay with human complement: Antibody titer ≥1:8 for subjects with titer <1:8 at baseline or a 4-fold rise in antibody levels.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Solicited Adverse Events From Diary Cards [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 7 after vaccination ]
    Local and systemic rates from Diary Cards filled by the participants.

  2. Non Solicited Adverse Events [ Time Frame: up to 6 months ]
    Non solicited local and systemic adverse Event (AE) rates throughout the course of the study, based on laboratory test results, vital signs, examination and questioning the subjects.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria (IC):

  • Participant is willing and able to give informed consent and comply with all aspects of the evaluation after the nature of the study is explained.
  • Male or female, aged 18 to 55 years old
  • In general good health with no significant chronic or acute conditions that would interfere with immune response or expected Adverse Event (AE) evaluation in the opinion of the investigator as determined by Medical history and/or History-directed physical examination
  • Abstinence or use of effective contraception by the participants or their partners during the trial and continuing for four weeks after vaccination will be required for males or female participants of child bearing potential.
  • Able (in the opinion of the investigator) to comply with all study requirements.

Exclusion Criteria (EC):

  • Unwilling or unable to understand study requirements and give written informed consent for the study.
  • Prisoners.
  • History of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS).
  • Pregnancy (confirmed by positive pregnancy test) or lactation.
  • Previous diagnosis of laboratory confirmed meningococcal disease.
  • Previous meningococcal meningitis vaccination in the last five years
  • Laboratory abnormalities that are considered Grade 2 or higher (based on AE, ranges as described in the protocol appendix) that in the opinion of the Investigator would raise safety concerns for participation in the study or interfere with evaluation of study objectives, or abnormalities >2 times the Upper Limit of Normal range (ULN).
  • Known or suspected autoimmune or connective tissue disorders, including rheumatoid arthritis and congenital or acquired immunodeficiency. Does not include mild to moderate seasonal/perennial allergies treated with over the counter antihistamines.
  • Use of systemic immunosuppressive drugs or therapy within 6 months prior to study enrollment, not including topical or inhaled steroids/cytotoxic agents. Includes anti-cancer chemotherapy, radiation, and long term systemic corticosteroid therapy. History of anaphylactic shock, severe asthma, urticaria, or other allergic or hypersensitivity reactions following vaccination or known hypersensitivity to any vaccine component.
  • Received blood, blood products, plasma derivatives or any parenteral immunoglobulin preparation in the past 3 months.
  • Use of systemic antibiotics within 72 hours prior to study enrollment.
  • History of cirrhosis or hepatitis.
  • Known bleeding disorder or condition associated with a prolonged bleeding time.
  • Positive results of testing for hepatitis B surface antigen (HepBsAg), Hepatitis C or HIV-1 or HIV-2 antibodies. Known or suspected HIV or Hepatitis B or C infection.
  • Positive results of drug screen that cannot be explained by use of approved prescription medication (amphetamine, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cocaine). Current (past 30 days) heavy smokers (greater than or equal 1 pack per day).tetrahydrocannabinol
  • Received another investigational product within the last 30 days. Investigational product may be a drug, vaccine, medical device or medical procedure.
  • History of significant head trauma, alcohol or substance abuse or other medical illnesses that could cause a neurological deficit (e.g., cerebro-vascular disease).
  • Medication or alcohol use that, in the opinion of the Investigator, may influence or bias the clinical outcome of the trial.
  • History of any serious chronic medical or psychiatric illnesses or condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, might interfere with the evaluation of the study objectives.
  • History of chronic or severe headaches, myalgia, arthralgia, malaise, fatigue or other systemic disorder commonly observed as AEs for licensed meningococcal vaccines.
  • Currently experiencing a cold, flu or other acute illness (subject may be deferred until after recovery).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01897402

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United States, Maryland
Mid Atlantic Urology Associates LLC
Greenbelt, Maryland, United States, 20770
Chesapeake Research Group
Pasadena, Maryland, United States, 21122
IRC Clinics
Towson, Maryland, United States, 21204
Sponsors and Collaborators
JN-International Medical Corporation
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Principal Investigator: Alberto Yataco, MD IRC Clinics,
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey E Atkinson, MD Chesapeake Research Group
Principal Investigator: Myron I Murdock, MD Mid Atlantic Urology Associates LLC
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Responsible Party: JN-International Medical Corporation Identifier: NCT01897402    
Other Study ID Numbers: JN-NM-002
First Posted: July 12, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 23, 2015
Last Update Posted: April 23, 2015
Last Verified: April 2015
Keywords provided by JN-International Medical Corporation:
Central Nervous System Infections
Meningococcal vaccine
conjugate vaccines
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Meningococcal Infections
Meningitis, Meningococcal
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Corynebacterium Infections
Actinomycetales Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses
Neisseriaceae Infections
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
Meningitis, Bacterial
Central Nervous System Bacterial Infections
Central Nervous System Infections
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs