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Chemoembolization With or Without Antiviral Therapy for Unresectable HBV-related HCC With Low HBV DNA Replication

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01894269
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified July 2013 by Xiang-Ming Lao, Sun Yat-sen University.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : July 10, 2013
Last Update Posted : July 23, 2013
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Xiang-Ming Lao, Sun Yat-sen University

Brief Summary:
Although it is commonly accepted that antiviral therapy should be commenced before or during hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment if the patients have high viral loads and elevated ALT or total bilirubin values with signs of cirrhosis, the dilemma exists when HBV DNA and liver function (such as ALT, AST, TBIL) remains low level. Whether antiviral therapy make sense or not in these patients with no signs of hepatitis or high viral replication remains unclear, especially for the relatively advanced stage HCC patients receiving TACE. Thus, the investigators carried out this prospective control study to compare the survivals for patients after TACE between with or without antiviral therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatocellular Carcinoma Drug: Lamivudine 100mg once daily; or Entecavir 0.5mg once daily. Phase 4

Detailed Description:

In highly endemic areas, hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection plays a primary role in the etiology of HCC and is frequently observed in HCC patients. Patients with HBV-related HCC usually have a history of chronic HBV infection. Chemotherapy for other malignancies has been associated with HBV reactivation. Furthermore, in end stage liver disease due to HBV, levels of HBV replication have been correlated with liver function. For TACE, reports on HBV reactivation have been inconsistent. Some studies have demonstrated HBV reactivation, some have not , and others have shown decreased HBV DNA levels . The exact mechanism by which this occurs is still unknown. Although anti-HBV therapy has been reported to suppress HBV reactivation in various clinical settings with immunosuppressive conditions, few reports were concerned with the TACE treatment of HBV-related HCC. Also, the long-term effects of antiviral therapy in relatively advanced HCC patients after HCC remains unclear.

Although it is commonly accepted that antiviral therapy should be commenced before or during HCC treatment if the patients have high viral loads and elevated ALT or total bilirubin values with signs of cirrhosis, the dilemma exists when HBV DNA and liver function (such as ALT, AST, TBIL) remains low level. Therefore, we would call for the establishment of clinical practice guidelines on the antiviral therapy in HBV-related HCC patients, especially a consensus on the indications to administer nucleosides analogs (NAs).

Thus , the purpose of the investigators' study is to prospectively study the efficacy of nucleosides analogs (NAs) in transcatheter arterial chemoembolization for nonresectable hepatocellular carcinoma with relatively low HBV DNA replication and Child-Pugh grade A based on multivariate analysis of prognostic factors. The HBV DNA and liver function parameters will be monitored closely. Once the reactivation occurs in the control group, antiviral therapy would be administered immediately. The study had a interim analysis to allow the trial to be stopped if significant differences were detected. The accumulated data were examined when half patient was enrolled in the clinical trial.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Chemoembolization With or Without Antiviral Therapy for Unresectable HBV-related Hepatocellular Carcinoma With Low HBV DNA Replication: Effectiveness and Safety. A Prospective and Randomized Clinical Trial
Study Start Date : July 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Anti-viral treatment
Oral antiviral drugs will be commenced after TACE. That is: Lamivudine 100mg once daily; or Entecavir 0.5mg once daily.
Drug: Lamivudine 100mg once daily; or Entecavir 0.5mg once daily.
In experimental group, Lamivudine 100mg once daily; or Entecavir 0.5mg once daily will be commenced after TACE.
Other Names:
  • lamivudine 100 mg tablets (GlaxoSmithKline);
  • Entecavir 0.5mg tablets (Bristol-Myers Squibb)

No Intervention: Control
No anti-viral therapy after TACE.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. overall survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. HBV reactivation [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. HBV resistance to lamivudine or entecavir [ Time Frame: 1 year ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Male or female patients from 18 to 75 years of age with a diagnosis of HCC. A diagnosis of HCC based on the diagnostic criteria for HCC used by the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL).

The patient has not been previously treated with surgery, radiation therapy, radiofrequency ablation, percutaneous ethanol or acetic acid injection, or cryoablation, or any other treatment with chemotherapeutic agents or sorafenib.

The patient has not been previously treated with any anti-viral agents, including interferon or nucleosides analogs (NAs).

Adults patients with a diagnosis of HCC which is not amenable to surgical resection ,local ablative therapy or any other radically cured treatment.

The MDT group of HCC agree to administer TACE in this patient.

Patients must have at least one tumor lesion that can be accurately measured according to EASL criteria.

No serious concurrent medical illness.

Unresectable TNM stage Ⅲ or Ⅳ disease.

Zubrod-ECOG-WHO performance status: 0 or 1. and the estimated survival more than 4 months.

Not pregnant or breast-feeding patients

No significant renal impairment (creatinine clearance < 30 mL/minute) or patients on dialysis

No current infections requiring antibiotic therapy

Not on anticoagulation or suffering from a known bleeding disorder

No unstable coronary artery disease or recent MI

Ability to understand the protocol and to agree to and sign a written informed consent document

The following laboratory parameters at baseline:

Platelet count ≥ 70,000/µL

Hemoglobin ≥ 8.5 g/dL

Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >1,500/mm3

Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL Serum albumin ≥ 35 g/L

Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal

PT prolong time less than 3 seconds

Cirrhotic status of Child-Pugh class A only

ALT<2×upper limit of normal

Hepatitis B surface antigen positive

If hepatitis B e antigen positive, HBV DNA level <2000IU/mL; If hepatitis B e antigen negative, HBV-DNA<200IU/mL.

Exclusion Criteria:

- History of HIV or HCV infection.

History of organ allograft

Known or suspected allergy to the investigational agents or any agent given in association with this trial.

Evidence of bleeding diathesis.

Patients with clinically significant gastrointestinal bleeding within 30 days prior to study entry.

Any other hemorrhage/bleeding event > CTCAE Grade 3 within 4 weeks of study entry.

Serious non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture

Known central nervous system tumors including metastatic brain disease

Any event > grade 2 National Cancer Institute [NCI]-Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version 3.0

Severe complication after TACE.

History of hepatotoxic medication within 8 wk prior to the current treatment.

History of corticosteroid administration.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01894269


Contacts
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Contact: Xiang-Ming Lao, MD 8620-87343114 laoxming@mail.sysu.edu.cn
Contact: Xiao-Jun Lin, MD 8620-87343017 linxj@sysucc.org.cn

Locations
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China, Guangdong
Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center Recruiting
Guangzhou, Guangdong, China, 510060
Contact: Xiang-Ming Lao, MD    8620-87343114    laoxming@mail.sysu.edu.cn   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sun Yat-sen University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Xiao-Jun Lin, MD Sun Yat-sen University
Principal Investigator: Xiang-Ming Lao, MD Sun Yat-sen University

Publications:

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Responsible Party: Xiang-Ming Lao, MD, Sun Yat-sen University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01894269     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: sysucc-HCC010
First Posted: July 10, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 23, 2013
Last Verified: July 2013
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Lamivudine
Entecavir
Antiviral Agents
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-HIV Agents