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Bioequivalence Assessment of Oral Administration Vs. Oral Spray of a Cannabinoids (Tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabidiol)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01893424
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 9, 2013
Last Update Posted : March 24, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hadassah Medical Organization

Brief Summary:

This project is intended to evaluate self-emulsifying drug delivery system termed Piperine-Pro-Nano-Lipospheres (P-PNL) for enhancing the oral bioavailability of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).The oral bioavailability of these cannabinoids is hampered by extensive first pass metabolism, resulting in relative bioavailability of 6%.

The main goal of this study is to evaluate the bioequivalence of THC-CBD P-PNL product for oral administration to Sativex® buccal spray, as measured by AUC 0-24h, Tmax and Cmax.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pain Drug: Sativex buccal spray Drug: CBD-THC-Piperine-PNL capsule Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disabling, lifelong disease of the central nervous system. The currently available treatments with analgesic drugs for the management of MS associated pain are limited in their efficacy, and frequently uncontrolled.

The most successful treatment for this MS pain was found to be the use of the combination of Δ 9 -Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD) in 1:1 ratio. The rationale for the combination of the two cannabinoids was aroused by the reports in the scientific literature that CBD could not only potentiate the therapeutic effects of THC but also diminish the undesirable effects of THC such as anxiety, panic, sedation, dysphonia and tachycardia. Additionally, co-administration of THC and CBD was reported to be safe with no tolerance, abuse or withdrawal effects.

Although therapeutic rationale for the THC and CBD combination was established, an optimal oral dosage form to deliver this cannabinoids combination is not available yet. The reason for that is the marked "first pass" metabolic effect of the cannabinoids in the gastrointestinal tract leading to very limited oral bioavailability of 6%.

In this project we shall utilize our biopharmaceutical experience using an advanced self-emulsifying drug delivery system termed Piperine-Pro-Nano-Lipospheres (P-PNL) for enhancing the oral bioavailability of THC and CBD. P-PNL is an isotropic mixture of a natural alkaloid (piperine) and the active compounds (THC and CBD) in a combination of lipids, surfactants and co-solvent termed the pre-concentrate, which is administered in a soft gelatin capsule. We have shown in pre-clinical investigation that incorporation of THC and CBD into P-PNL is a promising strategy to enhance their oral bioavailability.

Thus, the primary goal of this study: is to evaluate the bioequivalence of the developed THC-CBD P-PNL product for oral administration to Sativex®. This is a currently available product of THC and CBD combination. Sativex® is a solution that has to be administered by spray onto the oromucosal surface to bypass the "first pass" metabolism of the cannabinoids associated with intestinal absorption. SATIVEX® is approved in various countries (i.e. Canada, UK, Spain, New Zealand and Israel-distributed by Neopharm) for a MS pain treatment and in Canada also for cancer pain treatment.

The study will be performed on 12 healthy male volunteers. It will be an open label, cross-over single-arm two sequences study intended to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of THC and CBD. Each volunteer will receive THC:CBD capsule and Sativex® . Both study groups THC-CBD-Piperine-PNL vs. Sativex® will receive identical doses of THC and CBD; 21.6 mg and 20 mg respectively. blood samples will be withdrawn through indwelling cannula from the forearm 30 minutes before (pre-dose) and every 30 minutes interval for the first 4 hours then blood samples will be taken at, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12 and 24 hours after the intake of the study drug. Blood concentration profiles of THC, CBD and their main metabolites:

11-hydroxy-THC, 11-nor-9-carboxy-THC and CBD-glucoronide will be determined in order to calculate the pharmacokinetic parameters of THC and CBD.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Bioequivalence Assessment of Oral Administration Vs. Oral Spray of a Cannabinoid Combination (Δ9 -Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD) In 1:1 Ratio)
Study Start Date : August 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Sativex buccal spray
volunteers will receive a single dose of 8 actuations of Sativex® which will be administrated within 1-2 min by the study physician. The dose of THC and CBD to be administered is the following: THC 21.6 mg and CBD 20 mg. Sativex® actuations will be directed sublingually and at the buccal mucosa.
Drug: Sativex buccal spray
buccal spray
Other Name: Sativex

Experimental: CBD-THC-Piperine-PNL capsule
12 volunteers will receive a single oral dose of THC:CBD P-PNL capsule with 200 mL of water. The dose of THC and CBD to be administered is the same as in the Sativex arm: THC 21.6 mg and CBD 20 mg.
Drug: CBD-THC-Piperine-PNL capsule
a capsule containing Cannabidiol and Tetrahydrocannabinol combination
Other Name: Cannabidiol and dronabinol in ProNanoLiposphere formulation

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetic parameters of THC and CBD [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. exposure to the metabolites of the study drugs [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

    Assessment of the metabolic profile of major THC's and CBD's metabolites:

    11-hydroxy-THC, 11-nor-9-carboxy-THC and CBD-glucoronide in healthy volunteers. Plasma metabolites concentrations will be determined using HPLC-MS/MS validated assay. The unit of measure will be provided as ng/ml.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion criteria:

  • Men 18 through 45 years of age
  • Body mass index in the range of: 25 through 30 kg/m2.
  • Participants must be able to swallow and absorb oral medications.
  • Normal Values Vital Sign Parameters as following: systolic blood pressure 90-139 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure 50-89 mmHg, pulse rate 45-100 bpm, body temperature 36.0-37.5º C.
  • Subjects must be able to understand and comply with the requirements of the study (e.g. all medication, dietary, and alcohol restrictions).
  • Subjects must provide written informed consent to participate in the study after reading the information and consent form, and after having an opportunity to discuss the study with the investigator.
  • Subjects must complete the screening process within 4 weeks prior to the admission visit.

Exclusion criteria from study participation will include:

  1. Previous participation in an investigational trial involving administration of any investigational compounds within two month prior to the current study.
  2. Impaired glucose tolerance
  3. Diabetes mellitus
  4. Renal disease
  5. Edema
  6. Stroke or neurological disorder
  7. Arthritis, joint or tendon abnormalities
  8. History of asthma
  9. Hepatic disorder
  10. History of seizures
  11. History of psychosis any addictive or other psychiatric disease disorder or a history of any illness that,might confound the results of the study or pose risk by participation in the study.
  12. History of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 1 or 2.
  13. History of cannabis intoxication or dependence.
  14. Use of the forbidden drugs, substances or foods as follows:

    14.1 Investigational product (THC or/and CBD ingestion or smoking) within one month preceding the study.

    14.2 Prescription or non-prescription medication (including herbal, vitamins or dietary supplements) or vaccine within 14 days of the first day of study drug administration or within 5 half-lives before the first day of study drug administration.

    Exceptions are locally acting medications (eg, topical creams), which are not allowed within 5 days of study drug administration, and the occasional use of acetaminophen (up to 3 g/day) and ibuprofen (up to 1200 mg/day).

    14.3 Consumption of grapefruit, grapefruit juice, Seville oranges, pomelo containing products, within the 14 days prior to study and then throughout the study.

    14.4 Excessive consumption of alcohol, defined as >3 drinks per day (beer, wine, or distilled spirits), or unwilling to comply with the restricted use of alcohol during the study (48 hours prior to admission and throughout the study)and history of alcoholism.

  15. Previous surgery on the gastrointestinal tract [including removal of parts of stomach, bowel, liver, gall bladder, or pancreas] or stomach banding).
  16. Exhausting physical exercise 48 hours prior to drug administration.
  17. Excessive caffeine and xanthine containing foods and beverages (ie, equivalent to >4 cups brewed coffee per day) from 2 weeks prior to Day -1 and throughout the entire study.
  18. Those who had donated >0.5 L blood within 30 days of study.
  19. Abnormal heart function according to the following criteria:
  20. The subject has a supine pulse rate outside of the range of 40 to 100 bpm (following at least a 10-minute rest) measured at screening or Day -1.
  21. Supine blood pressure outside of the range of 90 to 139 mm Hg systolic or 50 to 89 mm Hg diastolic (following at least a 10 minute rest) measured at screening or Day-1. 11.
  22. Clinically significant history of drug allergies (including cannabis extracts, propylene glycol, ethanol, or peppermint oil), drug hypersensitivity or history of idiosyncratic reactions to any drug.
  23. Presence of mouth ulcerations or any damage of mouth and oral cavity.
  24. History of abuse of any drug/chemical.
  25. Inability to relate to and/or cooperate with the investigators.
  26. A subject with any other condition, which, in the opinion of the investigator, makes the subject inappropriate for the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01893424

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Hadassah medical organization
Jerusalem, Israel
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hadassah Medical Organization
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Principal Investigator: Elyad Davidson, MD Director of the pain relief unit in Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center
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Responsible Party: Hadassah Medical Organization Identifier: NCT01893424    
Other Study ID Numbers: 0658-12-HMO-CTIL
First Posted: July 9, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 24, 2016
Last Verified: March 2016
Keywords provided by Hadassah Medical Organization:
Biological Availability
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists
Cannabinoid Receptor Modulators
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors