Randomized Trial of an HIV Navigation Program for Early Palliative Care
This study is testing a navigation program for early palliative care provided in tandem with HIV primary care for persons living with HIV (PLWH) who are at high risk or mortality and morbidity related to their co-morbid chronic conditions. Participants are enrolled for a period of 36 months, with data collection at enrollment and every 9 months after, for a total of 5 data collection time points. Study participants enrolled will be randomized into one of two groups: control or intervention. Control group participants will receive control calls in between survey data collection time points. Intervention group participants will participate in a Navigation Program which includes home visits and phone calls with an advanced practice nurse (APN) and licensed social worker (LSW), as well as visits / calls by a volunteer if desired. The frequency of visits / calls will be determined based on level of need (high, medium or low).
The specific aims of the study are to: 1) identify needs and preferences for palliative care and advance care planning for PLWH, in order to tailor an existing Navigation Program for this study; 2) test the effectiveness of an HIV Navigation Program intervention on outcomes of quality of life, symptom burden, coping ability, and advance care planning; and 3) determine if effectiveness of the HIV Navigation Program intervention differs by age, gender, ethnicity, education, income level, and level of palliative care service need.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||Randomized Trial of an HIV Navigation Program for Early Palliative Care|
- Quality of Life [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for 36 months, with quality of life measured at baseline and change from baseline at 9mo, 18mo, 27mo, 36mo ]Using HIV/AIDS Targeted Quality of Life (HAT_QoL) Instrument. It has 34 items measuring 9 dimensions of quality of life on a continuous scale of 0 (worst) to 10 (best).
- Symptom burden [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for 36 months with symptom burden measured at baseline and change from baseline at 9mo, 18mo, 27mo, 36mo ]Symptom burden (type and intensity of symptoms) using the Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale, which has 10 items to measure a total of 10 symptoms on a continuous scale of 0 (no symptom present) to 10 (most severe level).
- Coping ability [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for 36 months with coping ability measured at baseline and change from baseline at 9mo, 18mo, 27mo, 36mo ]The Brief COPE will be used to measure illness coping ability. It measures 14 different coping constructs on a scale of 1 (I haven't been doing this at all) to 4 (I've been doing this a lot).
- Advance Care Planning [ Time Frame: Participants will be assessed at baseline and up to every 6 months over a 36-month period for evidence of completion of advance care planning (yes/no) ]Advance care planning evidenced by number of participants completing an advance directive (living will and/or health proxy/health care power of attorney), or other documentation of initiation and/or implementation of advance care planning.
|Study Start Date:||June 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 31, 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||July 31, 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Patient Navigation
Patients are "admitted" to the navigation program, provided through a local community partner agency. Each of these subjects will be assigned an advanced practice nurse (APN) and licensed social worker (LSW) as co-case managers, with their relative contributions depending on the nature of the subject's needs. Level of need (1, 2 or 3) will be confirmed for each patient, and the level will inform the amount of in-person and phone call contacts made to provide on-going support and monitoring of patients. Additionally, this group will meet with the research team for data collection at enrollment and at four 9-month intervals for a total of 5 time points.
Other: Patient Navigation
Home-based medical and social support services, as an extension of and collaboration with primary care services provided. Phone calls and visits scheduled based on patient's level of need. Communication with primary care team via navigation plan faxed / emailed as needed. Volunteers will also be matched with intervention patients to provide additional support services by phone / in-person visits.
No Intervention: Usual Care
The control group will receive "usual care" - medical care and support provided by their primary care provider. They will not receive any of the navigation program services. To provide control for the effects of attention, we will contact these subjects at baseline and every other month thereafter by phone. During these contacts, we will ask a scripted "social" query (e.g. "How are things going for you?"). A subject who raises any health issues or need for specific information will be referred to the primary care provider. Additionally, this group will meet with the research team for data collection at enrollment and at four 9-month intervals for a total of 5 time points.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01884389
|United States, Ohio|
|Case Western Reserve University|
|Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106|
|Principal Investigator:||Jacquelyn Slomka, PhD RN||Case Western Reserve University|