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A Safety and Efficacy Study of ChAd63/MVA METRAP + RTS,S

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01883609
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 21, 2013
Last Update Posted : October 1, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Oxford

Brief Summary:

This is a clinical trial in which healthy volunteers will be administered experimental malaria vaccines. One group of volunteers will receive vaccination with the leading malaria vaccine candidate, RTS,S/AS01. This vaccine schedule will consist of 3 doses of RTS,S/AS01 with an interval of 4 weeks between doses (Doses given at 0,4 and 8 week timepoints). Another group will receive a vaccination schedule composed of the same dosage and timing regimen of RTS,S, but they will also receive vaccination with ChAd63 ME-TRAP, 2 weeks after the first RTS,S followed 8 weeks later by vaccination with MVA ME-TRAP (2 and 10 week timepoints).

The study will assess the safety of the vaccinations, and the immune responses to vaccination. Immune responses are measured by tests on blood samples. Volunteers will be infected with malaria by mosquito bites, 12 weeks after the first vaccination. In addition, a group of volunteers not receiving vaccines will also be infected with malaria by the same method. These infection experiments will be used to assess vaccine efficacy: how well the vaccines act to prevent malaria disease. A further single volunteer may also be infected with malaria; this volunteer participated in a previous trial where they received vaccines and was completely protected against malaria disease after infection by mosquito bite.

The RTS,S/AS01 vaccine is a protein (RTS,S) mixed with an adjuvant (AS01). The ChAd63 ME-TRAP and MVA ME-TRAP vaccines are called viral vectored vaccines. They are made from viruses which are modified so that they can not multiply. The viruses have extra DNA in them so that after injection, the body makes malaria proteins (but malaria does not develop), so that the immune system builds a response to malaria without having been infected by it.

Healthy volunteers will be recruited in England at three research sites: in Oxford, London and Southampton.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria Biological: RTS,S/AS01B Biological: ChAd63 ME-TRAP Biological: MVA ME-TRAP Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Phase I/IIa Sporozoite Challenge Study to Assess the Safety and Protective Efficacy of the Combination Malaria Vaccine Candidate Regimen of RTS,S/AS01B + ChAd63 and MVA Encoding ME-TRAP and Also RTS,S/AS01B Alone.
Study Start Date : September 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Malaria

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Group 1
Group 1 receive combination vaccination strategy: RTS,S/AS01B at weeks 0, ChAd63 ME-TRAP at week 2, RTS,S/AS01B at weeks 4 and 8, then MVA ME-TRAP at week 10 followed by sporozoite challenge (mosquito bite) at week 12.
Biological: RTS,S/AS01B
Each RTS,S/AS01B dose will be given intramuscularly, and will contain 50mcg of RTS,S and standard adult dose of AS01

Biological: ChAd63 ME-TRAP
ChAd63 ME-TRAP will be given intramuscularly at a dose of 5 x 1010 vp

Biological: MVA ME-TRAP
MVA ME-TRAP will be given intramuscularly at a dose of 2 x 108 pfu

Active Comparator: Group 2
Group 2 receive three vaccinations (RTS,S/AS01B) at weeks 0, 4 and 8 followed by sporozoite challenge (mosquito bite) at week 12.
Biological: RTS,S/AS01B
Each RTS,S/AS01B dose will be given intramuscularly, and will contain 50mcg of RTS,S and standard adult dose of AS01

No Intervention: Group 3
Groups 3 is an infectivity-control group for the sporozoite challenge procedures: these volunteers will not be vaccinated. Group 3 will undergo sporozoite challenge at the same time as Group 1 and 2 volunteers (week 12).
No Intervention: Group 4
Group 4 is an infectivity-control group for the sporozoite challenge procedures: these volunteers will not be vaccinated. Group 4 volunteers will be used as infectivity controls if any volunteers from groups 1 and 2 are rechallenged 5 - 7 months after the initial CHMI. CHMI may be administered in two separate cohorts if necessary due to limitations on volunteer availability.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To assess the efficacy of a combination immunization regimen with ChAd63/MVA ME-TRAP and RTS,S/AS01B, and of RTS,S/AS01B alone, against malaria sporozoite challenge, in healthy malaria-naïve volunteers. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Use statistical analysis to compare number of completely protected individuals (those who do not, by Day 21 following sporozoite challenge, develop blood stage infection measured by occurrence of P. falciparum parasitemia, assessed by blood slide).

  2. To assess the safety of a combination immunization regimen with ChAd63/MVA ME-TRAP and RTS,S/AS01B, and of RTS,S/AS01B alone, in healthy malaria-naïve volunteers. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Occurrence of solicited and unsolicited adverse events will be monitored at each clinic visit (from diary cards, clinical review, clinical examination (including observations) and laboratory results).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To assess immunogenicity generated in malaria naïve individuals of a malaria vaccine schedule containing RTS,S/AS01B and ChAd63/MVA ME-TRAP, and of RTS,S/AS01B alone. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Exploratory analysis of the correlation of the following humoral and cellular immune responses with vaccine efficacy: Anti-CS (RT, C-term, full-length), anti-HBs, and anti-ME-TRAP antibody titers; frequency of CS-specific, HBs-specific, and TRAP and ME specific T cells; ChAd63 neutralizing antibody titers. Exploratory analysis of transcriptomic correlates of vaccine immunogenicity and efficacy (this may be undertaken by microarray analysis or RNA sequencing or both techniques).

  2. To assess the efficacy of a combination immunization regimen with ChAd63/MVA ME-TRAP and RTS,S/AS01B, and of RTS,S/AS01B alone, against malaria sporozoite challenge, in healthy malaria-naïve volunteers. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Separate analyses on the following endpoints: (i) blood stage malaria infection as defined by 20 or more P. falciparum parasites/ml in peripheral blood by quantitative PCR, (ii) blood stage infection as defined by 500 or more parasites/ml in peripheral blood by quantitative PCR, and (iii) blood stage infection defined by a composite of symptoms, blood film result and parasitaemia. Parasite density dynamics and parasite multiplication rates will also be compared.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. To assess the long term protective efficacy of a combination vaccine schedule of RTS,S/AS01B and ChAd63-MVA ME-TRAP by re-challenge of volunteers exhibiting sterile protection. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Long term efficacy of the Group 1 and Group 2 vaccination regimens will be assessed by re-challenging any sterilely protected individuals at 5 - 7 months after the first CHMI and comparing the number of re-challengees who develop blood stage infection, and the time between CHMI and blood stage infection, with unvaccinated controls. Long term efficacy of ChAd63-MVA CS heterologous prime-boost immunisation will be assessed by rechallenging the sterilely protected volunteer from the VAC045 clinical trial and comparing the protection against blood stage infection or time between CHMI and blood stage infection, with unvaccinated controls.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

The volunteer must satisfy all the following criteria to be eligible for the study:

  • Healthy adults aged 18 to 45 years.
  • Able and willing (in the Investigator's opinion) to comply with all study requirements.
  • Willing to allow the investigators to discuss the volunteer's medical history with their General Practitioner.
  • Women only: Must practice continuous effective contraception for the duration of the study.
  • Agreement to refrain from blood donation during the course of the study and for at least 3 years after the end of their involvement in the study.
  • Written informed consent to participate in the trial.
  • Reachable (24/7) by mobile phone during the period between CHMI and completion of antimalarial treatment.
  • Willingness to take a curative anti-malaria regimen following CHMI.
  • For volunteers not living in Oxford: agreement to stay in a hotel room close to the trial centre during a part of the study (from at least day 6.5 post mosquito bite until anti-malarial treatment is completed).
  • Answer all questions on the informed consent quiz correctly.

Exclusion Criteria:

The volunteer may not enter the study if any of the following apply:

  • History of clinical malaria (any species).
  • Travel to a malaria endemic region during the study period or within the preceding six months with significant risk of malaria exposure.
  • Use of systemic antibiotics with known antimalarial activity within 30 days of CHMI (e.g. trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, doxycycline, tetracycline, clindamycin, erythromycin, fluoroquinolones and azithromycin)
  • Receipt of an investigational product in the 30 days preceding enrolment, or planned receipt during the study period.
  • Prior receipt of an investigational malaria vaccine or any other investigational vaccine likely to impact on interpretation of the trial data. If any volunteers in Group 1 and 2 undergo rechallenge, this exclusion criterion does not extend to the vaccines previously received in the VAC055 trial
  • Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient state, including HIV infection; asplenia; recurrent, severe infections and chronic (more than 14 days) immunosuppressant medication within the past 6 months (inhaled and topical steroids are allowed).
  • Use of immunoglobulins or blood products within 3 months prior to enrolment.
  • History of allergic disease or reactions likely to be exacerbated by any component of the vaccine (e.g. egg products, Kathon) or malaria infection.
  • Any history of anaphylaxis post vaccination.
  • History of clinically significant contact dermatitis.
  • History of sickle cell anaemia, sickle cell trait, thalassaemia or thalassaemia trait or any haematological condition that could affect susceptibility to malaria infection.
  • Pregnancy, lactation or intention to become pregnant during the study.
  • Use of medications known to cause prolongation of the QT interval and existing contraindication to the use of Malarone
  • Use of medications known to have a potentially clinically significant interaction with Riamet and Malarone
  • Any clinical condition known to prolong the QT interval
  • History of cardiac arrhythmia, including clinically relevant bradycardia
  • Disturbances of electrolyte balance, eg, hypokalaemia or hypomagnesaemia
  • Family history of congenital QT prolongation or sudden death
  • Contraindications to the use of all three proposed anti-malarial medications; Riamet, Malarone and Chloroquine.
  • History of cancer (except basal cell carcinoma of the skin and cervical carcinoma in situ).
  • History of serious psychiatric condition that may affect participation in the study.
  • Any other serious chronic illness requiring hospital specialist supervision.
  • Suspected or known current alcohol abuse as defined by an alcohol intake of greater than 42 standard UK units every week.
  • Suspected or known injecting drug abuse in the 5 years preceding enrolment.
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) detected in serum.
  • Seropositive for hepatitis C virus (antibodies to HCV) at screening.
  • An estimated, ten year risk of fatal cardiovascular disease of ≥5%, as estimated by the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) system.77
  • Positive family history in 1st and 2nd degree relatives < 50 years old for cardiac disease.
  • Volunteers unable to be closely followed for social, geographic or psychological reasons.
  • Any clinically significant abnormal finding on biochemistry or haematology blood tests, urinalysis or clinical examination. In the event of abnormal test results, confirmatory repeat tests will be requested. Absolute values for exclusion for confirmed abnormal results are shown in Section 17, Appendix A
  • Any other significant disease, disorder, or finding which may significantly increase the risk to the volunteer because of participation in the study, affect the ability of the volunteer to participate in the study or impair interpretation of the study data.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01883609


Locations
United Kingdom
Wellcome Trust CRF, Southampton General Hospital, University of Southampton
Southampton, Hampshire, United Kingdom, SO16 6YD
Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford
Oxford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom, OX3 7LE
Infection and Immunity Section, Sir Alexander Fleming Building, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine
London, United Kingdom, SW7 2AZ
Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College NHS Trust
London, United Kingdom, W12 0HS
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Oxford
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Adrian V S Hill, MD University of Oxford
Principal Investigator: Saul N Faust University of Southampton
Principal Investigator: Graham S Cooke Imperial College London

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of Oxford
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01883609     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VAC055
2013-000393-30 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: June 21, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 1, 2014
Last Verified: September 2014

Keywords provided by University of Oxford:
Plasmodium Falciparum
Malaria
Vaccine
Plasmodium
Falciparum

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Malaria
Malaria, Falciparum
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases