Evaluation of Green Dot a Primary Prevention Intervention
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Green Dot Across the Bluegrass: Evaluation of a Primary Prevention Intervention|
- Average Number of Sexual Assault Events Used (Perpetrated) Per School. [ Time Frame: over 5 years with baseline intervention ]Students self report of sexual assault perpetration averaged at the school level and adjusted for baseline and number of students. Adjustments were made by including baseline measure and number of students as a covariate in the model.
- Average Number of Sexual Assaults Experienced (Victimization) Events Per School. [ Time Frame: over 5 years with baseline intervention ]Students self report of sexual assault victimization averaged at the school level and adjusted for baseline and number of students. Adjustments made by including baseline measure and number of students as covariates in models.
- Increase in Bystanding Behaviors [ Time Frame: Annual measures violence at baseline (pre-intervention) and 4 years post intervention ]
7 items measuring self-reports of students actively engaging their peers in behaviors that may prevent violence.
Response options: 0 times, 1-2 times, 3-5 times, 6-9 times, 10 or more times, didn't see or hear someone doing this
- Tell someone to stop talking down to, harassing, or messing with someone else.
- Speak up when you heard that someone who was forced to have sex or hurt by a boyfriend/girlfriend was to blame.
- Talk to a friend who was being physically hurt by a boyfriend/girlfriend.
- Ask someone that looked very upset at a party if they were okay or needed help.
- Ask a friend if they needed to be walked or driven home from a party if they looked upset.
- Spoke up to someone who was bragging or making excuses for forcing someone to have sex with them.
- Got help for a friend because they had been forced to have sex or were physically hurt by a boyfriend/girlfriend.
Above items repeated to measure student observing others doing these behaviors.
- Violence Acceptance [ Time Frame: Annual measures violence at baseline (pre-intervention) and 4 years post intervention ]Two measures used: Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale measure students' beliefs about rape which may indicate social norms supporting sexual violence. 5-item Acceptance of General Dating Violence Scale(21) was used to measure norms supporting dating violence.
- Social Networks [ Time Frame: Annual measures violence at baseline (pre-intervention) and 4 years post intervention ]Measure of how the bystander intervention is diffused throughout student social networks. Each trained student provides the names of 5 friends / acquaintances. Analyses measures the numbers of students indirectly receiving training via trained student. Panel surveys also measure impact of diffusion through observing others' bystanding behaviors
|Study Start Date:||November 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Green Dot Bystander Training
Green Dot intervention
Behavioral: Green Dot Bystander Intevention
Intervention allocated at the school level
Active Comparator: Control
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01878097
|United States, Kentucky|
|University of Kentucky|
|Lexington, Kentucky, United States, 40536-0293|
|Principal Investigator:||Ann L. Coker, PhD||University of Kentucky|