Dabigatran Versus Warfarin After Mitral and/or Aortic Bioprosthesis Replacement and Atrial Fibrillation Postoperatively (DAWA)
DAWA is a phase 2, prospective, open-label, randomized, pilot study. The main variable to be observed in this study is intracardiac thrombus. There are no formal primary or secondary clinical efﬁcacy or safety outcomes because it is a pilot study.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Dabigatran Versus Warfarin After Mitral and Aortic Bioprosthesis Replacement for the Management of Atrial Fibrillation Postoperatively: Pilot Study|
- Intracardiac Thrombus [ Time Frame: 90 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The primary endpoint was the detection of intracardiac thrombus in TEE at the end of follow-up (90 days).
- Spontaneous Echo Contrast [ Time Frame: 90 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Spontaneous Echo Contrast showed in Transesophageal echocardiography
|Study Start Date:||August 2013|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Dabigatran 110 mg BID
Group 1 - Dabigatran 110 mg (50 patients)
Other Name: Pradaxa® (dabigatran etexilate) 110mg twice daily
Active Comparator: Warfarin
Other Name: Warfarin adjusted-dose
Mortality and morbidity events (reversible ischemic neurological deficit, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, systemic embolism, any bleeding, prosthesis valve thrombosis and death) were evaluated in an exploratory manner. The details of the trial design have been previously described.8 The trial protocol was approved by the local ethics and research committee in the city of Salvador-Brazil, and written informed consent was obtained from all patients. An independent data and safety monitoring board closely monitored the trial. All the members contributed to the interpretation of the results, wrote the first version of the manuscript and approved all versions, made the decision to submit the manuscript for publication, and vouch for the accuracy and completeness of the data reported and the fidelity of this article to the study protocol.
Patients eligible for inclusion in the study were 18 to 64 years old, underwent mitral and/or aortic bioprosthesis valve replacement at least 3 months prior to entering the study and had documented AF postoperatively in addition to exclusion of atrial thrombus or valve prosthesis thrombosis by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Non-contrast brain computed tomography (CT) without hemorrhage or findings of acute cerebral infarction on the last 2 days of screening was also necessary.
Patients were randomly assigned to receive dabigatran or warfarin by a computer generated list of random numbers performed to 1:1 ratio between the groups. Following that, the allocation sequence was concealed from the researcher enrolling participants in sequentially numbered, opaque, black, sealed envelopes. After randomization, patients had study visits scheduled at 7 days (via telephone) and at 30 days (personally) with a monthly follow-up for 90 days. After this, non-contrast brain CT and TEE were repeated. The former was executed to document possible cerebral events with no clinical expression and the latter to analyze the incidence of intracardiac thrombi, new dense spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) or its resolution, in addition to thrombosis or dysfunction of valvular prosthesis.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01868243
|Hospital Ana Nery|
|Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, 40320010|
|Principal Investigator:||Andre R Duraes, Professor||Hospital Ana Nery|