Testing Pfs25-EPA/Alhydrogel as a Potential Malaria Transmission Blocking Vaccine

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Malaria Research and Training Center, Bamako, Mali
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01867463
First received: May 16, 2013
Last updated: August 6, 2016
Last verified: March 2016
  Purpose

Background:

- Malaria is a disease that is spread by mosquitoes. Researchers are looking for a vaccine that can prevent mosquitoes from transmitting malaria to people. They want to test a vaccine called Pfs25-EPA/Alhydrogel that may help stop malaria parasites from developing in mosquitoes. When a mosquito bites a vaccinated person, the vaccine should prevent parasites from developing in the mosquito. As a result, the mosquito will not spread malaria to the next person it bites. However, the vaccine will not directly prevent people vaccinated from getting sick with malaria. Researchers want to test this vaccine in people who live in rural Mali. To do so, the study will compare the symptoms and the blood tests of the participants who receive either the study vaccine or a regular hepatitis B/meningococcal vaccine.

Objectives:

- To see if Pfs25-EPA/Alhydrogel is a safe and effective malaria vaccine.

Eligibility:

- Healthy volunteers between 18 and 45 years of age who live in Bancoumana, Mali.

Design:

  • Participants will be screened with a medical history, physical exam, and blood tests.
  • Participants will be separated into two groups. One group will have Pfs25-EPA/Alhydrogel to test the study vaccine. The other group will have the regular Hepatitis B vaccine series, meningococcal vaccine.
  • In the study vaccine group, participants will have either a lower dose or a higher dose. For the lower dose, they will have two vaccine shots over 1 year. For the higher dose, they will have four vaccine shots over about 14 months.
  • In the other vaccine group, participants will have the Hepatitis B vaccine series, meningococcal vaccine according to the standard dose schedule.
  • All participants will provide regular blood samples for testing during the study.
  • Participants who develop malaria during the study will participate in evaluation of transmission and parasite development of malaria parasite from the person to mosquito via transmission assays. They will allow mosquitoes (that have no diseases) to bite them in a controlled clinic setting. This will let researchers see if the vaccine can stop the mosquitoes from carrying malaria to other people.

Condition Intervention Phase
Malaria
Biological: Pfs25-EPA/Alhydrogel
Biological: Euvax B
Biological: Menactra
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Double Blind Dose-Escalating Randomized Controlled Phase 1 Study in Malaria Exposed Adults of the Safety and Immunogenicity of Pfs25-EPA/ Alhydrogel, a Transmission Blocking Vaccine Against Plasmodium Falciparum in Bancoumana, Mali

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of local and systemic adverse events and serious adverse events. [ Time Frame: 12 months following the last vaccination; and for 6 months following the fourth vaccination. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Antibody responses as measured by ELISA against recombinant Pfs25 and EPA, and B cell responses. Functional activity of the induced antibody will be assessed by direct transmission blocking assays [ Time Frame: 12 months following the last vaccination; and for 6 months following the fourth vaccination. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 350
Study Start Date: March 2013
Study Completion Date: December 2015
Primary Completion Date: December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group 1
Group 1: n=20, randomized to receive 16 g Pfs25-EPA/Alhydrogel (n=10) or the comparator (EuvaxB, n=10) on D0, D56
Biological: Pfs25-EPA/Alhydrogel
The Pfs25-EPA conjugate was produced by reaction between thiolated PpPfs25 and maleimideactivated EcEPA, followed by purification using size-exclusion chromatography. The cGMP Pfs25-EPA conjugate Lot# WRAIR1634 was manufactured at Walter Reed Bioproduction facility in cGMP compliance in May 2010. Alhydrogel (Brenntag, Denmark) is an aluminum hydroxide gel and has been extensively used as an adjuvant in licensed human vaccines. Alhydrogel is supplied as a sterile product in water without preservatives. Pfs25- EPA/Alhydrogel WRAIR Lot #1668 was manufactured and filled as single-use vials at Walter Reed Bioproduction facility in cGMP compliance in October 2010. Each vial contains 78 g/mL conjugated Pfs25, 93 g/mL conjugated EPA and 1600 g/mL Alhydrogel in a volume of 0.8 mL. The vial label reads: 78 g/mL Conjugated Pfs25 on Alhydrogel .
Biological: Euvax B
Euvax B consists of highly purified, noninfectious particles of HBsAg absorbed onto aluminum salts as an adjuvant and preserved with thimerosal.
Experimental: Group 2
Group 2: n=30, randomized to receive 47 g Pfs25-EPA/Alhydrogel (n=15) or the comparator (EuvaxB and Menactra , n=15) on D0, D56, D112, D480
Biological: Pfs25-EPA/Alhydrogel
The Pfs25-EPA conjugate was produced by reaction between thiolated PpPfs25 and maleimideactivated EcEPA, followed by purification using size-exclusion chromatography. The cGMP Pfs25-EPA conjugate Lot# WRAIR1634 was manufactured at Walter Reed Bioproduction facility in cGMP compliance in May 2010. Alhydrogel (Brenntag, Denmark) is an aluminum hydroxide gel and has been extensively used as an adjuvant in licensed human vaccines. Alhydrogel is supplied as a sterile product in water without preservatives. Pfs25- EPA/Alhydrogel WRAIR Lot #1668 was manufactured and filled as single-use vials at Walter Reed Bioproduction facility in cGMP compliance in October 2010. Each vial contains 78 g/mL conjugated Pfs25, 93 g/mL conjugated EPA and 1600 g/mL Alhydrogel in a volume of 0.8 mL. The vial label reads: 78 g/mL Conjugated Pfs25 on Alhydrogel .
Biological: Euvax B
Euvax B consists of highly purified, noninfectious particles of HBsAg absorbed onto aluminum salts as an adjuvant and preserved with thimerosal.
Biological: Menactra
Menactra , Meningococcal (Groups A, C, Y and W-135) Polysaccharide Diphtheria Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine, is a sterile, intramuscularly administered vaccine that contains Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A, C, Y and W-135 capsular polysaccharide antigens individually conjugated to diphtheria toxoid protein. N meningitidis A, C, Y and W-135 strains are cultured on Mueller Hinton agar (3) and grown in Watson Scherp (4) media. The polysaccharides are extracted from the N meningitidis cells and purified by centrifugation, detergent precipitation, alcohol precipitation, solvent extraction and diafiltration.
Experimental: Group 3
Group 3: n=70 randomized to receive 47 g Pfs25-EPA/Alhydrogel (n=35) or the comparator (EuvaxB and Menactra , n=35) on D0, D56, D112, D480
Biological: Pfs25-EPA/Alhydrogel
The Pfs25-EPA conjugate was produced by reaction between thiolated PpPfs25 and maleimideactivated EcEPA, followed by purification using size-exclusion chromatography. The cGMP Pfs25-EPA conjugate Lot# WRAIR1634 was manufactured at Walter Reed Bioproduction facility in cGMP compliance in May 2010. Alhydrogel (Brenntag, Denmark) is an aluminum hydroxide gel and has been extensively used as an adjuvant in licensed human vaccines. Alhydrogel is supplied as a sterile product in water without preservatives. Pfs25- EPA/Alhydrogel WRAIR Lot #1668 was manufactured and filled as single-use vials at Walter Reed Bioproduction facility in cGMP compliance in October 2010. Each vial contains 78 g/mL conjugated Pfs25, 93 g/mL conjugated EPA and 1600 g/mL Alhydrogel in a volume of 0.8 mL. The vial label reads: 78 g/mL Conjugated Pfs25 on Alhydrogel .
Biological: Euvax B
Euvax B consists of highly purified, noninfectious particles of HBsAg absorbed onto aluminum salts as an adjuvant and preserved with thimerosal.
Biological: Menactra
Menactra , Meningococcal (Groups A, C, Y and W-135) Polysaccharide Diphtheria Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine, is a sterile, intramuscularly administered vaccine that contains Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A, C, Y and W-135 capsular polysaccharide antigens individually conjugated to diphtheria toxoid protein. N meningitidis A, C, Y and W-135 strains are cultured on Mueller Hinton agar (3) and grown in Watson Scherp (4) media. The polysaccharides are extracted from the N meningitidis cells and purified by centrifugation, detergent precipitation, alcohol precipitation, solvent extraction and diafiltration.

Detailed Description:
A vaccine to interrupt malaria transmission would be a valuable tool for local elimination or eradication of this disease. Pfs25, a surface antigen of ookinetes in the mosquito stage of P. falciparum, is a lead candidate for a malaria transmission blocking vaccine. Recombinant Pfs25 has been conjugated to Pseudomonas aeruginosa ExoProtein A (EPA), and adjuvanted with Alhydrogel . This dose escalating, double-blind, randomized controlled trial will determine safety and immunogenicity of the vaccine in malaria exposed adults. One hundred twenty (120) subjects will be enrolled and randomized to receive the low dose (16 g of conjugated Pfs25, n=10), the high dose (47 g of conjugated Pfs25, n=50), or the comparator vaccine (Euvax B for first 3 vaccinations, then Menactra vaccine for the fourth vaccination, n=10 for 2 vaccinations, n=50 for 4 vaccinations). Enrollment within the high dose group will be staggered for additional safety. The low dose and the matching comparator cohort (Group 1) will receive 2 vaccine doses given at 0 and 2 months. For the rest of the subjects, 3 doses will be given at a 0, 2, 4 month dosing intervals, and a fourth (booster) dose will be given 12 months following the third dose at the start of the subsequent transmission season. Subjects will be followed for 12 months following the last vaccination. Safety outcomes will be local and systemic adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs). Immunogenicity outcomes will be antibody responses as measured by ELISA against recombinant Pfs25 and EPA, and B cell responses. Functional activity of the induced antibody will be assessed by direct transmission blocking assays (direct skin feeds, direct membrane feeding assays) conducted at the Malaria Research and Training Center (MRTC) in Mali and in a standard membrane feeding assay conducted at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) in the United States.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

All of the following criteria must be fulfilled for a subject to participate in this trial:

  1. Adult age 18 45 years.
  2. Known residents of the village of Bancoumana or immediate surrounding areas.
  3. Available for the duration of the trial (approximately 2.5 years).
  4. Good general health as a result of review of medical history and/or clinical testing at the time of screening.
  5. Willingness to participate in the study as evidenced by signing the informed consent document, or by fingerprinting the consent document with the signature of a witness.
  6. Willingness to undergo a HIV test.
  7. Willingness to undergo direct skin feeds.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

A subject will be excluded from participating in this trial if any one of the following criteria is fulfilled:

  1. Pregnancy, as determined by a positive urine or serum human choriogonadotropin (beta human chorionic gonadotropin ) test at any point during the study (if female).
  2. Currently lactating and breast-feeding (if female).
  3. Unable or unwilling to use reliable contraception for a minimum of one month prior to the first vaccination to three months after the last vaccination (if female). Reliable birth control includes: pharmacologic contraceptives including oral, parenteral, and transcutaneous delivery; condoms with spermicide; diaphragm with spermicide; surgical sterilization; vaginal ring; transdermal patch; intrauterine device; abstinence; and postmenopause.

    (Note: If screening of the female subject occurs < 1 month prior to first vaccination, a negative serum pregnancy test at time of screening and at enrollment (first vaccination) and agreement to use of reliable contraception for the duration of the study until three months after the fourth vaccination is acceptable.)

  4. Behavioral, cognitive, or psychiatric disease that in the opinion of the investigator affects the ability of the participant to understand and cooperate with the study protocol.
  5. Hemoglobin, WBC, and platelets outside the local laboratory-defined upper limit of normal (subjects may be included at the investigator s discretion for not clinically significant values outside of normal range).
  6. Neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count <1250/mm3).
  7. Alanine transaminase (ALT) or creatinine (Cr) level above the local laboratory-defined upper limit of normal.
  8. Positive test for hepatitis C virus (HCV).
  9. Positive test for hepatitis B (HBsAg).
  10. Positive test for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  11. Known immunodeficiency syndrome.
  12. Evidence of clinically significant neurologic, cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic, endocrine, rheumatologic, autoimmune, hematological, or renal disease by history, physical examination, and/or laboratory studies including urinalysis.
  13. Subject has had medical, occupational, or family problems as a result of alcohol or illicit drug use during the past 12 months.
  14. History of a severe allergic reaction or anaphylaxis.
  15. History of a severe reaction to mosquito bites.
  16. Severe asthma, defined as asthma that is unstable or required emergent care, urgent care, hospitalization or intubation during the past 2 years, or that has required the use of oral or parenteral corticosteroids at any time during the past 2 years.
  17. Clinically significant reactive airway disease that does not respond to bronchodilators.
  18. History of a surgical splenectomy.
  19. Use of chronic (greater than or equal to 14 days) oral or intravenous corticosteroids (excluding topical or nasal) at immunosuppressive doses (i.e., prednisone >10 mg/ day) or immunosuppressive drugs within 30 days of starting this study.
  20. Receipt of a live vaccine within past four weeks or a killed vaccine within past two weeks prior to entry into the study.
  21. Receipt of blood products within the past 6 months.
  22. Previous participation in a malaria vaccine trial.
  23. History of receiving any investigational product within the past 30 days.
  24. Refusal to allow storage of samples for future research at the time of enrollment.
  25. Any medical, psychiatric, social, or occupational condition that, in the judgment of the Principal Investigator (PI), would interfere with the evaluation of study objectives or increase risk to the subject.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01867463

Locations
Mali
Malaria Research and Training Center
Bamako, Mali
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Malaria Research and Training Center, Bamako, Mali
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Sara A Healy, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01867463     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999913109  13-I-N109 
Study First Received: May 16, 2013
Last Updated: August 6, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Antigen
Ookinetes
Mosquito
Membrane
Assay

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Malaria
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Vaccines
Aluminum Hydroxide
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Antacids
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Gastrointestinal Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 23, 2016