Cabozantinib-S-Malate and Erlotinib Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Previously Treated Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01866410
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 31, 2013
Last Update Posted : April 11, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well cabozantinib-s-malate and erlotinib hydrochloride works in treating patients with previously treated metastatic non-small cell lung cancer. Cabozantinib-s-malate and erlotinib hydrochloride may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Cabozantinib-s-malate may also stop the growth of non-small cell lung cancer by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Giving cabozantinib-s-malate together with erlotinib hydrochloride may be an effective treatment for non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7 Drug: Cabozantinib S-malate Drug: Erlotinib Hydrochloride Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To evaluate for efficacy by response rate (RR) when patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation who have progressed following EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy are treated with XL184 (cabozantinib [cabozantinib-s-malate]) and erlotinib (erlotinib hydrochloride).


I. Determine progression free survival (PFS) for combination XL184 (cabozantinib) and erlotinib in EGFR mutation positive patients following progression on erlotinib.

II. Assess overall survival. III. Evaluate change in tumor growth rate on XL184 (cabozantinib) and erlotinib.

IV. Evaluate type, severity, duration and outcome of toxicities. V. Correlate outcome with tumor biomarkers such as met proto-oncogene (MET) amplification, T790M mutation, and serum markers of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and MET pathways in a preliminary manner.


Patients receive cabozantinib-s-malate orally (PO) daily and erlotinib hydrochloride PO once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 12 weeks for 1 year and then annually thereafter.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 37 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of XL184 (Cabozantinib) Plus Erlotinib in Patients With Advanced EGFR-Mutant Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Who Have Progressed on Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor (TKI) Therapy
Actual Study Start Date : May 20, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 30, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : March 30, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (cabozantinib-s-malate, erlotinib hydrochloride)
Patients receive cabozantinib-s-malate PO daily and erlotinib hydrochloride PO QD on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Cabozantinib S-malate
Given PO
Other Names:
  • BMS-907351
  • Cabometyx
  • Cometriq
  • XL184
Drug: Erlotinib Hydrochloride
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Cp-358,774
  • OSI-774
  • Tarceva
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    All radiographic responses will be presented as waterfall plots.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumor growth rate [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Estimated using an exponential growth model, providing a straight-forward estimate of the tumor doubling times.

  2. Incidence of toxicities, graded according to the National Cancer Institute CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Type, severity, time of onset, duration, and outcome of toxicities will be tabulated.

  3. Radiographic response, evaluated by RECIST v1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Presented as waterfall plots.

  4. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Summarized with Kaplan-Meier plots.

  5. Time to treatment failure [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Summarized with Kaplan-Meier plots.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Changes in EGFR mutations [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 6 months after last study treatment ]
  2. Changes in MET amplification [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 6 months after last study treatment ]
  3. Changes in VEGF levels [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 6 months after last study treatment ]
  4. Changes in HGF levels [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 6 months after last study treatment ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer harboring an EGFR mutation; NOTE: EGFR mutational status will be known and assays performed in Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) certified laboratories will be accepted
  • Patients should have tumor tissue available for retrieval; tissue blocks or unstained slides from the time of original diagnosis are acceptable if repeat biopsy is not indicated
  • Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >= 20 mm with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam
  • Patients must have received prior EGFR TKI therapy for metastatic disease and have documented evidence of radiologic disease progression while on EGFR TKI as treatment immediately prior to enrollment; (patients may have received prior chemotherapy, and retreatment with erlotinib is allowed)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3.0 × institutional upper limit of normal
  • Lipase < 2.0 x ULN and no radiologic or clinical evidence of pancreatitis
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 × ULN OR creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL
  • Serum albumin >= 2.8 g/dL
  • Urine protein/creatinine ratio (UPCR) =< 1
  • Serum phosphorus >= lower limit of normal (LLN)
  • Calcium >= LLN
  • Magnesium >= LLN
  • Potassium >= LLN
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at screening; women of childbearing potential include women who have experienced menarche and who have not undergone successful surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or are not postmenopausal; postmenopause is defined as amenorrhea >= 12 consecutive months; note: women who have been amenorrheic for 12 or more months are still considered to be of childbearing potential if the amenorrhea is possibly due to prior chemotherapy, antiestrogens, ovarian suppression or any other reversible reason
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of XL184 (cabozantinib) administration; sexually active subjects (men and women) must agree to use medically accepted barrier methods of contraception (e.g., male or female condom) during the course of the study and for 4 months after the last dose of study drug(s), even if oral contraceptives are also used; all subjects of reproductive potential must agree to use both a barrier method and a second method of birth control during the course of the study and for 4 months after the last dose of study drug(s)
  • Prior to the first patient registration, this study must have institutional review board (IRB) approval; a copy of the IRB approval for each site involved must be given to the Data Coordinating Center at City of Hope
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The subject has received cytotoxic chemotherapy (including investigational cytotoxic chemotherapy) or biologic agents (e.g., cytokines or antibodies) within 3 weeks, or nitrosoureas/ mitomycin C within 6 weeks before the first dose of study treatment
  • Prior treatment with XL184 (cabozantinib) or other MET/hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) inhibitor
  • The subject has received radiation therapy:

    • To the thoracic cavity, abdomen, or pelvis within 2 weeks before the first dose of study treatment, or has ongoing complications, or is without complete recovery and healing from prior radiation therapy
    • To bone or brain metastasis within 14 days before the first dose of study treatment
    • To any other site(s) within 28 days before the first dose of study treatment
  • The subject has received prior treatment with a small molecule kinase inhibitor or a hormonal therapy (including investigational kinase inhibitors or hormones) within 14 days or five half-lives of the compound or active metabolites, whichever is longer, before the first dose of study treatment; prior erlotinib is required and does not require a 14-day wash out
  • The subject has received any other type of investigational agent within 28 days before the first dose of study treatment
  • The subject has not recovered to baseline or Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) =< grade 1 from toxicity due to all prior therapies except alopecia and other non-clinically significant adverse events (AEs)
  • The subject has a primary brain tumor
  • The subject has active brain metastases or epidural disease; subjects with brain metastases previously treated with whole brain radiation or radiosurgery or subjects with epidural disease previously treated with radiation or surgery who are asymptomatic and do not require steroid treatment for at least 2 weeks before starting study treatment are eligible; baseline brain imaging with contrast-enhanced CT or MRI scans for subjects with known brain metastases is required to confirm eligibility
  • The subject has prothrombin time (PT)/ International Normalized Ratio (INR) or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) test >= 1.3 x the laboratory ULN within 14 days before the first dose of study treatment
  • The subject requires concomitant treatment, in therapeutic doses, with anticoagulants such as warfarin or warfarin-related agents, heparin, thrombin or Factor Xa inhibitors, or antiplatelet agents (e.g., clopidogrel); low dose aspirin (=< 81 mg/day), low-dose warfarin (=< 1 mg/day), and prophylactic low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) are permitted
  • Strong cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4 inducers and inhibitors should be avoided; selection of alternate concomitant medications with no or minimal CYP3A4 enzyme inhibition potential is recommended; because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently-updated list such as; medical reference texts such as the Physicians' Desk Reference may also provide this information; as part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product
  • The subject has experienced any of the following:

    • Clinically-significant gastrointestinal bleeding within 6 months before the first dose of study treatment
    • Hemoptysis of >= 0.5 teaspoon (2.5 mL) of red blood within 3 months before the first dose of study treatment
    • Any other signs indicative of pulmonary hemorrhage within 3 months before the first dose of study treatment
  • Patients with active bleeding or pathologic conditions that carry high risk of bleeding, such as known bleeding disorder or coagulopathy
  • The subject has radiographic evidence of cavitating pulmonary lesion(s)
  • The subject has tumor in contact with, invading or encasing any major blood vessels
  • The subject has evidence of tumor invading the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (esophagus, stomach, small or large bowel, rectum or anus), or any evidence of endotracheal or endobronchial tumor within 28 days before the first dose of cabozantinib
  • The subject has uncontrolled, significant intercurrent or recent illness including, but not limited to, the following conditions:

    • Cardiovascular disorders including:

      • Congestive heart failure (CHF): New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III (moderate) or class IV (severe) at the time of screening
      • Concurrent uncontrolled hypertension defined as sustained blood pressure (BP) > 140 mm Hg systolic, or > 90 mm Hg diastolic despite optimal antihypertensive treatment within 7 days of the first dose of study treatment
      • Any history of congenital long QT syndrome
      • Any of the following within 6 months before the first dose of study treatment:

        • Unstable angina pectoris
        • Clinically-significant cardiac arrhythmias
        • Stroke (including transient ischemic attack [TIA], or other ischemic event)
        • Myocardial infarction
        • Thromboembolic event requiring therapeutic anticoagulation (Note: subjects with a venous filter [e.g. vena cava filter] are not eligible for this study)
    • Gastrointestinal disorders particularly those associated with a high risk of perforation or fistula formation including:

      • Any of the following within 28 days before the first dose of study treatment

        • Intra-abdominal tumor/metastases invading GI mucosa
        • Active peptic ulcer disease
        • Inflammatory bowel disease (including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease), diverticulitis, cholecystitis, symptomatic cholangitis or appendicitis
        • Malabsorption syndrome
      • Any of the following within 6 months before the first dose of study treatment:

        • Abdominal fistula
        • Gastrointestinal perforation
        • Bowel obstruction or gastric outlet obstruction
        • Intra-abdominal abscess; note: Complete resolution of an intra-abdominal abscess must be confirmed prior to initiating treatment with cabozantinib even if the abscess occurred more than 6 months before the first dose of study treatment
    • Other disorders associated with a high risk of fistula formation including percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement within 3 months before the first dose of study therapy
    • Other clinically significant disorders such as:

      • Active infection requiring systemic treatment within 28 days before the first dose of study treatment
      • Serious non-healing wound/ulcer/bone fracture within 28 days before the first dose of study treatment
      • History of organ transplant
      • Concurrent uncompensated hypothyroidism or thyroid dysfunction within 14 days before the first dose of study treatment
      • History of major surgery as follows:

        • Major surgery within 8 weeks of the first dose of cabozantinib, with complete wound healing; (patients with ongoing wound healing or other complications will be excluded)
        • Minor surgery within 4 weeks of the first dose of cabozantinib; Pleurx catheter placement within 7 days of the first dose of cabozantinib
  • The subject is unable to swallow tablets
  • The subject has a corrected QT interval calculated by the Fridericia formula (QTcF) > 500 ms within 28 days before treatment; note: if initial QTcF is found to be > 500 ms, two additional electrocardiograms (EKGs) separated by at least 3 minutes should be performed; if the average of these three consecutive results for QTcF is =< 500 ms, the subject meets eligibility in this regard
  • The subject is unable or unwilling to abide by the study protocol or cooperate fully with the investigator or designee
  • The subject has had evidence within 2 years of the start of study treatment of another malignancy which required systemic treatment
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to XL184 (cabozantinib) or erlotinib
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with XL184 (cabozantinib); these potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible; appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01866410

United States, California
City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
USC / Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
City of Hope South Pasadena
South Pasadena, California, United States, 91030
United States, Michigan
Wayne State University/Karmanos Cancer Institute
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
United States, Pennsylvania
Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033-0850
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Karen Reckamp City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT01866410     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2013-01085
NCI-2013-01085 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
PHII-125 ( Other Identifier: City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center )
9303 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
N01CM00038 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P30CA033572 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 31, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 11, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Erlotinib Hydrochloride
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action