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A Phase I/IIa AERAS-456 in HIV-Negative Adults With & Without Latent Tuberculosis Infection (C-035-456)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01865487
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 31, 2013
Results First Posted : December 19, 2019
Last Update Posted : December 19, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Statens Serum Institut
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Aeras

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase I/IIa, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, dose- and regimen-finding study in healthy adults with and without LTBI, who are BCG-vaccinated, HIV negative, and have no history or evidence of TB disease. The investigational product is AERAS-456 at 3 dose levels: 5, 15, and 50ug of H56 antigen with 500 nmol IC31. The vaccine is administered by IM injection.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Latent Tuberculosis Bacteriology and Histology Unknown Latent Tuberculosis Biological: H56ug/IC31nmol Biological: Placebo Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase I/IIa, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, dose- and regimen-finding study in healthy adults with and without latent Tuberculosis (TB) Infection, who are Bacille Calmette Guerin (BCG)-vaccinated, HIV negative, and have no history or evidence of TB disease. The investigational product is AERAS-456 at 3 dose levels: 5, 15, and 50ug of H56 antigen with 500 nmol IC31. The vaccine is administered by intramuscular (IM) injection. The study will be conducted at two sites in South Africa.

A total of 98 subjects will be enrolled in 2 phases into 4 groups based on Latent TB Infection (LTBI) status. The initial phase will be a dose ranging study of a 2-dose regimen at 3 dosage levels in LTBI(-) subjects, to select a dosage for the second phase. In the second phase, the study will be expanded to evaluate both 2-dose and 3-dose regimens and to include LTBI(+) subjects. In the first phase, 50 LTBI(-) subjects will be enrolled in Group 1 and randomized at a ratio of 3:3:3:1 to receive 2 doses of 5/500, 15/500, or 50/500 of AERAS-456, or placebo given at Study Days 0 and 56 (Table 0 1).

One dose level of AERAS-456 will be selected by the sponsor and SSI for the second phase of the study, based on analysis of unblinded safety and immunogenicity data through 28 days after the second dose in the first phase, in conjunction with safety and immunogenicity data from study C-032-456. The criteria for dose-selection will be specified in a statistical analysis plan to be finalized prior to the unblinded review. The selected dose, in conjunction with the unblinded safety and immunogenicity data, will be submitted to the SMC for review. In the second phase, 48 subjects will be enrolled concurrently into Group 2 (LTBI[-]) and into Groups 3 and 4 (LTBI[+], Table 0 2). In each of Groups 2 and 4, 16 subjects will be randomized at a ratio of 3:1 to receive 3 doses of AERAS-456 or placebo given at Study Days 0, 56, and 112. In Group 3, 16 subjects will be randomized at a ratio of 3:1 to receive 2 doses of AERAS-456 or placebo given at Study Days 0 and 56.

All subjects will stay on the study for 292 days after receiving the first vaccination. The subjects in Groups 1 and 3 will be followed up for 236 days after the second vaccination and subjects in Groups 2 and 4 will be followed up for 180 days after the third vaccination. The sample size for each study cohort was selected because it was judged to be adequate for preliminary safety and immunogenicity evaluations for a Phase I/IIa study rather than for statistical reasons. Given 12 and 15 subjects in individual AERAS-456 dosing groups, the study will have an 80% probability of detecting at least 1 specified event which occurs at a rate of 12.5% and 10.0%, respectively. If no such events are observed among 12 and 15 subjects receiving active study vaccine, an approximation to the upper one-sided 95% confidence bound on the rate of occurrence for that event would be 22% and 18%, respectively.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 98 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: A 2 phase study based on LTBI status. Phase 1 is a dose ranging study of a 2 dose regimen at 3 dosage levels and placebo in LTBI negative participants. The second phase evaluated 2 and 3 dose regimens and included + and - LTBI participants.
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I/IIa Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Dose-Finding Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of AERAS-456 in HIV-Negative Adults With and Without Latent Tuberculosis Infection
Study Start Date : August 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: 2-Dose Placebo
Placebo QFT Neg and Pos, 2 Doses, days 0,56
Biological: Placebo
Sterile buffer consisting of 10mM Tris and 169mM NaCl at pH 7.4

Experimental: 2-Dose 5/500 H56ug/IC31nmol
5/500 H56ug/IC31nmol QFT Neg and Pos, 2 Doses, days 0,56
Biological: H56ug/IC31nmol
H56:IC31 (designated as AERAS-456 for Aeras-sponsored clinical development) contains a fusion protein (referred to as H56 antigen, or H56) of 3 mycobacterial antigens (the early secreted antigens Ag85B and ESAT-6, and the latency antigen Rv2660c) formulated in the Th1-stimulating IC31 adjuvant.
Other Name: AERAS-456

Experimental: 2-Dose 15/500 H56ug/IC31nmol
15/500 H56ug/IC31nmol QFT Negative 2 Doses, days 0,56
Biological: H56ug/IC31nmol
H56:IC31 (designated as AERAS-456 for Aeras-sponsored clinical development) contains a fusion protein (referred to as H56 antigen, or H56) of 3 mycobacterial antigens (the early secreted antigens Ag85B and ESAT-6, and the latency antigen Rv2660c) formulated in the Th1-stimulating IC31 adjuvant.
Other Name: AERAS-456

Experimental: 2-Dose 50/500 H56ug/IC31nmol
50/500 H56ug/IC31nmol QFT Negative 2 Doses, days 0,56
Biological: H56ug/IC31nmol
H56:IC31 (designated as AERAS-456 for Aeras-sponsored clinical development) contains a fusion protein (referred to as H56 antigen, or H56) of 3 mycobacterial antigens (the early secreted antigens Ag85B and ESAT-6, and the latency antigen Rv2660c) formulated in the Th1-stimulating IC31 adjuvant.
Other Name: AERAS-456

Placebo Comparator: 3-Dose, Placebo
Placebo QFT Neg and Pos, 3 doses, days 0, 56, 112
Biological: Placebo
Sterile buffer consisting of 10mM Tris and 169mM NaCl at pH 7.4

Experimental: 3-Dose, 5/500 H56ug/IC31nmol
5/500 H56ug/IC31nmol QFT Neg and Pos, 3 Doses, days 0, 56, 112
Biological: H56ug/IC31nmol
H56:IC31 (designated as AERAS-456 for Aeras-sponsored clinical development) contains a fusion protein (referred to as H56 antigen, or H56) of 3 mycobacterial antigens (the early secreted antigens Ag85B and ESAT-6, and the latency antigen Rv2660c) formulated in the Th1-stimulating IC31 adjuvant.
Other Name: AERAS-456




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number and Percentage of Unsolicited and Solicited Adverse Events Recorded Post Day 0 Vaccination. [ Time Frame: Up to 10 months ]
    Evaluation of unsolicited and solicited AEs was performed through 28 days after each study vaccination. Serious AEs were collected throughout the entire study period (i.e., 292 days). Evaluation of the safety profile of AERAS-456 was performed using data from all subjects who received at least one dose.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluate Immunogenicity of Multiple Dosage Levels and Dosing Regimens of H56:IC31 - CD4+ ICS (LTBI-negative) [ Time Frame: Day 292 ]
    LTBI: Latent TB Infection QFT: QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus) is an in vitro diagnostic aid for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection Percent Antigen-specific T Cell DMSO-subtracted Cytokine Response Change from Baseline 13-color ICS assay using PBMCs T Cell: CD4+ Stimulation Antigen: Total Cytokine: Any

  2. Evaluate Immunogenicity of Multiple Dosage Levels and Dosing Regimens of H56:IC31 - CD4+ ICS (LTBI-positive) [ Time Frame: Day 292 ]

    Percent Antigen-specific T Cell DMSO-subtracted Cytokine Response Change from Baseline.

    13-color ICS assay using PBMCs. T Cell: CD4+ Stimulation Antigen: Total Cytokine: Any


  3. Evaluate Immunogenicity of Multiple Dosage Levels and Dosing Regimens of H56:IC31 - IFN-gamma ELISpot [ Time Frame: Day 292 ]
    DMSO-subtracted Antigen-specific IFN-gamma ELISpot Response (SFU - Background/10^6 PBMC) Change from Baseline LTBI Status at Baseline: Total Stimulation Antigen: Total

  4. Evaluate Kinetics of QuantiFERON®-TB Gold Test (QFT) Responses in LTBI-negative Participants [ Time Frame: Up to Study Day 292 ]

    QFT results were summarized using subject count (percentage) for qualitative results.

    Number of participants QFT-positive at any time point.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects must meet all of the following criteria prior to Study Day 0 vaccination:

  1. Has completed the written informed consent process prior to the start of screening evaluations.
  2. Is male or female.
  3. Is age 18 through 50 years at the time of randomization.
  4. Received BCG vaccination at least 5 years prior to randomization.
  5. Females: Ability to avoid pregnancy during the trial: Women physically capable of pregnancy (not sterilized and still menstruating or within 1 year of the last menses if menopausal) in sexual relationships with men must avoid pregnancy with an acceptable method of avoiding pregnancy from 28 days prior to administration of the study vaccine through the end of the study.
  6. Has general good health, confirmed by medical history and physical examination at screening.
  7. Is able and willing to complete the full follow-up period of 292 days as required by the protocol.
  8. Agrees to avoid elective surgery for the full duration of the study.
  9. [Groups 1 and 2] Does not have LTBI, determined by a negative QFT at screening or[Groups 3 and 4] Has LTBI, determined by a positive QFT at screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects must meet none of the following criteria prior to Study Day 0 vaccination:

  1. Acute illness at the time of randomization.
  2. Oral temperature 37.5 degrees C at the time of randomization.
  3. Abnormal laboratory values from blood collected within 21 days prior to Study Day 0 vaccination.
  4. Abnormal urinalysis that, in the opinion of the investigator, indicates systemic or local disease.
  5. History or evidence of tuberculosis disease, including but not limited to pulmonary tuberculosis, pleural tuberculosis, lymph node tuberculosis or tuberculosis meningitis.
  6. Received a TST within 21 days prior to a scheduled study vaccination.
  7. Received investigational Mtb vaccine at any time prior to Study Day 0.
  8. History or evidence of autoimmune disease.
  9. History or laboratory evidence of HIV-1 infection at screening.
  10. Positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen or hepatitis C antibody at screening.
  11. Used immunosuppressive medication (other than inhaled or topical immunosuppressants) within 21 days prior to Study Day 0.
  12. Received immunoglobulin or blood products within 21 days prior to Study Day 0.
  13. Received any investigational product within 21 days prior to Study Day 0, or plans to participate in any other study involving administration of investigational product during the study period.
  14. Inability to discontinue current chronic prescription medications, except contraceptives, inhaled or topical immunosuppressants, or nutritional supplements, during the study period.
  15. Documented history of allergic reaction or hypersensitivity to any component of the study vaccine.
  16. All female subjects: currently pregnant or lactating/nursing; or positive serum pregnancy test during screening; or positive urine pregnancy test on the day of any study vaccination.
  17. History or evidence of any systemic disease or any acute or chronic illness that, in the opinion of the investigator, may compromise the safety of the subject in the study or interfere with the evaluation of the safety or immunogenicity of the vaccine.
  18. History of dermatologic disease or skin features that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with the assessment of injection site reactions.
  19. History or evidence of any medical, psychiatric, occupational, or substance abuse problems that, in the opinion of the investigator, will make it unlikely that the subject will comply with the protocol.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01865487


Locations
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South Africa
eKhayavac TB Vaccine Trial
Khayelitsha, Cape Town, South Africa, 7784
SATVI Project Office, Brewelskloof Hospital
Worcester, South Africa, 6850
Sponsors and Collaborators
Aeras
Statens Serum Institut
Investigators
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Study Director: Dereck Tait, MD Aeras
Principal Investigator: Angelique Luabeya, MD University of Cape Town South African Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Aeras:
Study Protocol  [PDF] May 10, 2013

Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Aeras
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01865487    
Other Study ID Numbers: C-035-456
First Posted: May 31, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 19, 2019
Last Update Posted: December 19, 2019
Last Verified: December 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Aeras:
BCG Vaccinated
HIV Negative
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Tuberculosis
Latent Tuberculosis
Mycobacterium Infections
Actinomycetales Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections