Potential Biomarkers for Early Diagnosis of Acute Aortic Dissection
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01860768|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified May 2013 by CHAI Xiangping, Central South University.
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
First Posted : May 23, 2013
Last Update Posted : May 27, 2013
Acute aortic dissection (AAD) is an acute vascular lesions with high early misdiagnosis rate(31.8%), and mortality rate was 38%. In recent years, the incidence is rising and serious threat to human health. At present, the clinical diagnosis of AAD commonly used imaging methods, including chest X-ray, B ultrasound, CT, MRI and aortic angiography. Chest X-ray and two-dimensional ultrasound is limited in diagnosis of AAD, esophageal ultrasonography can display the intimal, identify the true and false lumen, but greater risk. CT, MRI and aortic angiography can be used as diagnosis method, but time-consuming, expensive and requires handling patients in emergency situations, should not be used as the preferred. Therefore, it is significance that biomarkers with high specificity and sensitivity for clinical fast diagnosis of AAD.
Parts small sample tests found that single serum α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), myosin heavy chain(MHC) and human soluble elastin fragments (sELAF) levels in patients with AAD were significantly higher than that of others (normal people, acute myocardial infarction patients). But because of the small study sample, limited control risk factors and incomplete comparison, their conclusions were questionable. In our previous studies also found that serum α-SMA, MHC and sELAF levels and the pathogenesis of AAD and prognosis are closely related. Therefore, on the basis, a prospective study is needed. We observe all the three biomarkers in enrolled patients with acute chest pain in emergency department, levels in healthy volunteers as the blank control. Then make definite diagnosis of the enrolled patients, and further observe the biomarkers dynamic change in AAD. Lastly, evaluate the early diagnostic value of combination serum α-SMA, MHC and sELAF level on patients with AAD.
|Condition or disease|
|Aortic Dissection Biomarkers and Early Diagnosis|
This is a prospective clinical study designed to procure blood samples from patients who present to the Emergency Department with suspected AAD.
Subjects enrolled in this study will sign and informed consent and have 3 blood samples drawn at different time points during their emergency department visit. In addition, data will be collected about the patient's health history, hospital procedures, and final diagnosis.
Blood samples collected in this study will be sent to laboratory for long-term storage and analysis in the future for these blood markers as they become available. No genetic testing will be conducted on these samples.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||200 participants|
|Official Title:||Potential Biomarkers for Early Diagnosis of Acute Aortic Dissection|
|Study Start Date :||May 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||February 2014|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||April 2014|
acute aortic dissectin patients
definite diagnosis by computed tomography arteriography (CTA).
acute chest pain patients
aortic dissection is exclude by aorta CTA
- Diagnostic accuracy(sensitivity and specificity of 400 participates for diagnosing acute aortic dissection) of serum biomarkers on patients with AAD. [ Time Frame: 1 day (Emergency room without follow-up) ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01860768
|Contact: CHAI Xiangping, MDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University||Recruiting|
|Changsha, Hunan, China, 410011|
|Contact: PENG Wen, Master email@example.com|