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Toric Eye Strain and Stability Study

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01857102
First Posted: May 20, 2013
Last Update Posted: May 15, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc.
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to determine the benefits of fitting low astigmats with soft toric contact lenses versus spherical contact lenses with regard to visual comfort, eyestrain, fitting efficiency, and visual performance.

Condition Intervention
Astigmatism Device: etafilcon A Device: etafilcon A for Astigmatism

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Objective Comfort Assessed by Electromyography(EMG) [ Time Frame: 1 week ]
    Electromyography (EMG) utilizes electrodes affixed to the skin below the eyelid, which measures activity of the orbital portion of the orbicularis oculi muscle. The orbital portion of the orbicularis oculi muscle pulls on the skin of the forehead, temple and cheek and draws it toward a point at the edge of the orbit. This part of the muscle is mainly under voluntary control, and it what is contracted during the process of squinting. The palpebral portion of this muscle closes the eyelids. The EMG reading was performed while the subject was wearing contact lenses in order to objectively assess eyestrain.The higher the EMG reading indicated the more the eyestrain. The original EMG data collected from a 40-second recording consisted of approximately 40,000 observations; the machine read about 1000 observations per second consecutively during 40-second recording. The original EMG reading was converted to a single data point and entered in the EDC for the analysis purpose.

  • Visual Comfort [ Time Frame: 1-week follow-up ]
    The Visual comfort (diurnal fluctuation[DF]) scores were derived from the National Eye Institute Refractive Error Quality of Life (NEI-RQL) instruments- specifically the diurnal fluctuations sub-scale, by following the instruction given in the NEI-RQL-42 User Manual, Version 1.0. The NEI-RQL is a validated patient reported outcome questionnaire to assess the impact of refractive correction on vision specifically to quality of life. This survey consisted of 42 items used to develop 13 subscales: clarity of vision, expectations, near vision, far vision, diurnal fluctuations, activity limitations, glare, symptoms, dependence on correction, worry, suboptimal correction, appearance, and satisfaction with correction. An overall score is calculated by averaging the subscales. The overall scores can take on values of 0 to 100. Higher scores indicate better outcomes


Enrollment: 159
Study Start Date: September 2013
Study Completion Date: June 2014
Primary Completion Date: June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: etafilcon A/etafilcon A for Astigmatism
Subjects were randomized to one of two sequences of lens wear.
Device: etafilcon A
Soft contact lens to be worn in a daily wear, daily disposable modality for one week
Device: etafilcon A for Astigmatism
Soft contact lens to be worn by participants in a daily wear, daily disposable modality for one week.
Experimental: etafilcon A for Astigmatism/etafilcon A
Subjects were randomized to one of two sequences of lens wear.
Device: etafilcon A
Soft contact lens to be worn in a daily wear, daily disposable modality for one week
Device: etafilcon A for Astigmatism
Soft contact lens to be worn by participants in a daily wear, daily disposable modality for one week.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. The subject must have read, understand, and sign the statement of informed consent and receive a fully executed copy of the Informed Consent Form.
  2. The subject must appear able and willing to adhere to the instructions set forth in this protocol.
  3. The subject must be between 18 years and 45 years of age (inclusive).
  4. The subject must have best-corrected Snellen visual acuity of 20/30 or better in each eye.
  5. If the subject has ever worn contact lenses, the subject must be a current wearer of soft spherical contact lenses for at least 5 days/week and at least 8 hours/day during the month prior to enrollment.
  6. Subjective refraction must result in a vertex-corrected astigmatic contact lens prescription requiring at least -0.75 DC but not more than -1.75 DC cylindrical contact lens correction in each eye.
  7. Subjective refraction must result in a vertex-corrected spherical contact lens prescription between +0.25D to +4.00D or between-0.50D to -9.00D in each eye.
  8. The subject must not have the need for presbyopic correction (i.e., they must not be using as add in spectacles or wearing multifocal or monofocal contact lenses).
  9. The subject must have normal eyes with no evidence of abnormality or disease that in the opinion of the investigator would contraindicate contact lens wear.
  10. The subject must have access to the internet throughout the day (either desktop and/or smartphone) and be willing to answer a web-based survey within 1 hour of receiving a text message based notification throughout the day for up to 8 days, throughout the study duration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Self-reported current pregnancy or lactation or plans to become pregnant during the study period (subjects who report becoming pregnant during the study will be discontinued)
  2. Any previous ocular or intra-ocular surgery (e.g. radial keratotomy, PRK, LASIK, etc.)
  3. Any clinically meaningful slit lamp findings contraindicating contact lens wear (e.g. greater than or equal to grade 3 finding of edema, corneal neovascularization, corneal staining, conjunctival injection, blepharitis/meibomian gland dysfunction) on the FDA classification scale or any other ocular abnormality that in the opinion of the investigator may contraindicate contact lens wear.
  4. Any ocular infection
  5. Current use of topical ophthalmic medications other than artificial tears/rewetting drops.
  6. History of binocular vision abnormality or strabismus.
  7. Any infectious disease (e.g. hepatitis, tuberculosis) or a contagious immunosuppressive disease (e.g. HIV) by self-report.
  8. Other active ocular disease that in the opinion of the investigator would contraindicate contact lens wear.
  9. Employee of the investigational clinic (e.g. investigator, coordinator, technician)
  10. Subject does not have a wearable pair of spectacles.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01857102


Locations
United States, Texas
Houston, Texas, United States, 77204
Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc.
  More Information

Responsible Party: Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01857102     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR-5363
First Submitted: May 8, 2013
First Posted: May 20, 2013
Results First Submitted: July 19, 2016
Results First Posted: May 15, 2017
Last Update Posted: May 15, 2017
Last Verified: May 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Astigmatism
Refractive Errors
Eye Diseases