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A Study of the Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor, PCI-32765 (Ibrutinib), in Combination With Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, and Prednisone in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Non-Germinal Center B-Cell Subtype of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01855750
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 16, 2013
Results First Posted : March 19, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 19, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Pharmacyclics LLC.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate if ibrutinib administered in combination with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) improves the clinical outcome in newly diagnosed patients with non-germinal center B-cell subtype (GCB) of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) selected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) or newly diagnosed patients with activated B cell-like (ABC) subtype of DLBCL identified by gene expression profiling (GEP) or both populations.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lymphoma Drug: Ibrutinib Drug: Placebo Drug: Rituximab Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Doxorubicin Drug: Vincristine Drug: Prednisone (or equivalent) Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This is a randomized (individuals assigned to study treatment by chance), double-blind (individuals and study personnel will not know the identity of study treatments), placebo (an inactive substance that is compared with a drug to test whether the drug has a real effect in a clinical trial)-controlled study to compare the efficacy and safety of ibrutinib in combination with R-CHOP versus R-CHOP alone in adult patients newly diagnosed non-GCB DLBCL selected by IHC or newly diagnosed patients with ABC subtype of DLBCL identified by GEP or both populations. The study will include screening, active treatment, and posttreatment follow-up phases. The study will end when 50% of participants have died or 5 years after the last participant is randomized or the sponsor terminates the study, whichever occurs first. Approximately 800 participants will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either placebo+R-CHOP (treatment arm A) or ibrutinib+R-CHOP (treatment arm B). All participants will receive R-CHOP as background therapy for 6 or 8 cycles (21 days per cycle) prespecified according to local practice. After 4 treatment cycles, an interim response assessment will be performed to evaluate disease progression for each participant. Participants with progressive disease or relapsed disease after complete response will be discontinued from treatment. Participants who discontinue R-CHOP without disease progression will continue study drug (placebo or ibrutinib) until 6 or 8 cycles are completed, disease progression, or unacceptable toxicity, whichever occurs first. After completion of study drug, participants will undergo assessment of tumor response based on the Revised Response Criteria for Malignant Lymphoma. Participants with documented residual disease upon completion of at least 6 cycles of R-CHOP therapy are considered eligible to initiate subsequent antilymphoma therapy. Serial pharmacokinetic samples will be collected before and after dosing, and safety will be monitored throughout the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 838 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Phase 3 Study of the Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase (BTK) Inhibitor, PCI-32765 (Ibrutinib), in Combination With Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, and Prednisone (R-CHOP) in Subjects With Newly Diagnosed Non-Germinal Center B-Cell Subtype of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma
Actual Study Start Date : September 3, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 26, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 30, 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Treatment Arm A: placebo + R-CHOP
Treatment Arm A = placebo + R-CHOP (Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, and Prednisone)
Drug: Placebo
4 matched capsules administered by mouth once daily (21-day cycles)

Drug: Rituximab
375 mg/m2 administered intravenously once on Day 1 of each cycle (21-day cycles)

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
750 mg/m2 administered intravenously once on Day 1 of each cycle (21-day cycles)

Drug: Doxorubicin
50 mg/m2 administered intravenously once on Day 1 of each cycle (21-day cycles)

Drug: Vincristine
1.4 mg/m2 administered intravenously once on Day 1 of each cycle (21-day cycles)

Drug: Prednisone (or equivalent)
100 mg capsules administered by mouth once daily on Day 1 to Day 5 of each cycle

Experimental: Treatment Arm B: ibrutinib + R-CHOP
Treatment Arm B = ibrutinib + R-CHOP
Drug: Ibrutinib
560 mg capsules administered by mouth once daily (21-day cycles)

Drug: Rituximab
375 mg/m2 administered intravenously once on Day 1 of each cycle (21-day cycles)

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
750 mg/m2 administered intravenously once on Day 1 of each cycle (21-day cycles)

Drug: Doxorubicin
50 mg/m2 administered intravenously once on Day 1 of each cycle (21-day cycles)

Drug: Vincristine
1.4 mg/m2 administered intravenously once on Day 1 of each cycle (21-day cycles)

Drug: Prednisone (or equivalent)
100 mg capsules administered by mouth once daily on Day 1 to Day 5 of each cycle




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Event-Free Survival (EFS) - Intent-to-Treat (ITT) Population [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 4.5 years ]
    EFS: duration from randomization date to disease progression(PD) date, relapse from complete response(CR) assessed by investigator, initiation of subsequent systemic antilymphoma therapy for either positron emission tomography(PET)-positive/ biopsy-proven residual disease upon completion of >=6 cycles of R-CHOP therapy/death, whichever occurred first. Responses were based on Revised Response Criteria for Malignant Lymphoma. PD: any new lesion or increase by 50% of previously involved sites from nadir; PD criteria: Appearance of new nodal lesion 1.5 cm in any axis, 50% increase in sum of product of diameters(SPD) of >1 node or 50% increase in longest diameter of previously identified node 1 cm in short axis. CR: disappearance of all evidence of disease; CR criteria: nodal masses PET positive prior to therapy; mass of any size permitted if PET negative; regression to normal size on CT; spleen and liver: not palpable, nodules disappeared; bone marrow: infiltrate cleared on repeat biopsy.

  2. Event-Free Survival (EFS) - Activated B-Cell (ABC) Population [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 4.5 years ]
    EFS: duration from randomization date to disease progression(PD) date, relapse from complete response(CR) assessed by investigator, initiation of subsequent systemic antilymphoma therapy for either positron emission tomography(PET)-positive/ biopsy-proven residual disease upon completion of >=6 cycles of R-CHOP therapy/death, whichever occurred first. Responses were based on Revised Response Criteria for Malignant Lymphoma. PD: any new lesion or increase by 50% of previously involved sites from nadir; PD criteria: Appearance of new nodal lesion 1.5 cm in any axis, 50% increase in sum of product of diameters(SPD) of >1 node or 50% increase in longest diameter of previously identified node 1 cm in short axis. CR: disappearance of all evidence of disease; CR criteria: nodal masses PET positive prior to therapy; mass of any size permitted if PET negative; regression to normal size on CT; spleen and liver: not palpable, nodules disappeared; bone marrow: infiltrate cleared on repeat biopsy.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 4.5 years ]
    PFS was defined as the duration from the date of randomization to the date of progression, relapse from CR, or death, whichever occurred first. Responses were based on Revised Response Criteria for Malignant Lymphoma. Progressive Disease (PD): any new lesion or increase by 50% of previously involved sites from nadir; PD criteria: Appearance of new nodal lesion 1.5 centimeter (cm) in any axis, 50% increase in SPD of >1 node or 50% increase in longest diameter of previously identified node 1 cm in short axis. CR: disappearance of all evidence of disease; CR criteria: nodal masses PET positive prior to therapy; mass of any size permitted if PET negative; regression to normal size on CT; spleen and liver: not palpable, nodules disappeared; bone marrow: infiltrate cleared on repeat biopsy.

  2. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Complete Response (CR) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 4.5 years ]
    Percentage of participants with measurable disease who achieved CR were reported. CR: disappearance of all evidence of disease. CR Criteria: Complete disappearance of all disease-related symptoms; all lymph nodes and nodal masses regressed to normal size (less than or equal to [<=]1.5 cm in greatest transverse diameter [GTD] for nodes greater than [>]1.5 cm before therapy). Previous nodes of 1.1 to 1.5 cm in long axis and greater than (>)1.0 cm in short axis before treatment decreased to <=1.0 cm in short axis after treatment. Disappearance of all splenic and hepatic nodules and other extranodal disease; a negative positron emission tomography (PET) scan. A posttreatment residual mass of any size but PET-negative; spleen and liver: not palpable, nodules disappeared; bone marrow: infiltrate cleared on repeat biopsy.

  3. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 4.5 years ]
    Overall survival was defined as the duration from the date of randomization to the date of the participant's death. Median Overall Survival was estimated by using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  4. Time to Worsening in the Lymphoma Subscale of Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Lymphoma (FACT-Lym) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 4.5 years ]
    Time to worsening in the Lymphoma subscale of the FACT-Lym, defined as the interval from the date of randomization to the start date of worsening of participant symptoms. Worsening was defined by a 5-point decrease from baseline. FACT-Lym Lymphoma subscale contains 15 questions, scores from 0 to 4 for each question (higher the worse). Lymphoma subscale score is the total of reverse scores, range 0 to 60. Higher scores indicate a better quality of life.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • No prior treatment for diffuse B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL)
  • Histologically-confirmed non-germinal center B-cell subtype DLBCL
  • Stage II (not candidates for local x-ray therapy), III, or IV disease by the Ann Arbor Classification
  • At least 1 measurable site of disease according to Revised Response Criteria for Malignant Lymphoma
  • Revised International Prognostic Index score of >=1
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status grade of 0, 1, or 2
  • Hematology and biochemical laboratory values within protocol-defined parameters prior to random assignment and at baseline
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction within institutional normal limits, as determined by echocardiography or multiple uptake gated acquisition (MUGA) scan
  • Agrees to protocol-defined use of effective contraception (for women, these restrictions apply for 12 months after the last dose of rituximab or 1 month after the last dose of study drug, whichever is later; for men, these restrictions apply for 12 months after the last dose of rituximab or 3 months after the last dose of study drug, whichever is later)
  • Men must agree to not donate sperm during and after the study for 12 months after the last dose of rituximab or 3 months after the last dose of study drug, whichever is later
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test at screening

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Major surgery within 4 weeks of random assignment
  • Known central nervous system or primary mediastinal lymphoma
  • Prior history of indolent lymphoma
  • Diagnosed or treated for malignancy other than DLBCL, except: malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease present for >=3 years before random assignment; adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease; adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease
  • History of stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months prior to random assignment
  • Requires anticoagulation with warfarin or equivalent vitamin K antagonists
  • Requires treatment with strong CYP3A inhibitors
  • Prior anthracycline use >=150 mg/m2
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular disease such as uncontrolled or symptomatic arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, or myocardial infarction within 6 months of screening, or any Class 3 (moderate) or Class 4 (severe) cardiac disease as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification
  • Known history of human immunodeficiency virus or active hepatitis C virus or active hepatitis B virus infection or any uncontrolled active systemic infection requiring intravenous antibiotics
  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Any life-threatening illness, medical condition, or organ system dysfunction which, in the investigator's opinion, could compromise the patient's safety, interfere with the absorption or metabolism of ibrutinib capsules, or put the study outcomes at undue risk

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01855750


  Show 205 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Pharmacyclics LLC.
Investigators
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Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Study Protocol  [PDF] October 16, 2017
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] March 21, 2018


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Responsible Party: Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01855750     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR102118
PCI-32765DBL3001 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Research & Development, LLC )
U1111-1139-6222 ( Other Identifier: Universal Trial Number )
2013-000959-40 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: May 16, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 19, 2019
Last Update Posted: March 19, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Lymphoma
B-cell lymphoma
Non-germinal center B-cell subtype
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor
PCI-32765
JNJ-54179060
Ibrutinib
Rituximab
Cyclophosphamide
Doxorubicin
Vincristine
Prednisone

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Cyclophosphamide
Rituximab
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Prednisone
Vincristine
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors