Comparison of Actifuse ABX and Local Bone in Spinal Surgery
|Scoliosis Kyphosis Lordosis||Procedure: Multilevel Spinal fusion with Actifuse ABX®||Phase 4|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Actifuse ABX and Local Bone Have Comparable Outcomes to Local Bone in Instrumented Multi-Level Adult Spinal Deformity Patients|
- Decrease patient recovery time [ Time Frame: 12 months ]The investigators anticipate the Actifuse ABX® will decrease patient recovery time by 1) lowering the amount of autologous bone harvested from the patient and 2) taking advantage of the properties of Actifuse (osteostimulation, resorption rate, etc) that should result in quicker bone fusing and healing.
|Study Start Date:||March 2013|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2016|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Multilevel Spinal Fusion w/ Actifuse ABX®
An osteostimulatory,phase pure,porous,silicate substituted calcium phosphate bone graft substitute used during multilevel spinal fusion.
Procedure: Multilevel Spinal fusion with Actifuse ABX®
Multilevel spinal fusion as treatment for adult spinal deformity with Actifuse ABX®. Actifuse ABX® is a silicate substituted calcium phosphate bone void filler intended for orthopedic applications such as a filler for gaps and voids that are not intrinsic to the stability of the bony structure.
No Intervention: Multilevel Spinal Fusion
Multilevel spinal fusion without Actifuse ABX.
The current method for posterolateral lumbar fusion surgeries utilizes autograft bone typically derived from the patient's iliac crest. However, complications have been reported concerning the use of iliac crest bone, that include additional healing time due to the secondary surgical site and gait abnormalities. Clinicians are in need of an adequate alternative, and many have begun testing growth factors or synthetic compounds used in conjunction with local bone autografts. Though this avoids the need for a secondary surgical site, synthetic materials are not without their own limitations. These compounds must achieve similar growth and fusion rates as native bone. This study will test the applicability of Actifuse, a synthetic bone graft substitute, in instrumented multi-level adult spinal deformity surgery.
Actifuse is a silicate substituted calcium phosphate. It is osteostimulative, and is a bone void filler intended for orthopedic applications such as a filler for gaps and voids that are not intrinsic to the stability of the bony structure. Actifuse has several features that mimic human bone (amount of silicon, resorption rate, etc). It provides a scaffold for long-term bone healing and is intended to be packed gently into bony voids or gaps of the skeletal system, i.e. extremities, pelvis and spine including use in posterolateral spinal fusion procedures with appropriate stabilizing hardware. These defects may be surgically created osseous defects or osseous defects created from traumatic injury to the bone. The product provides a bone void filler that is resorbed and replaced by native bone during the healing process.
Actifuse accelerates bone growth by combining an interconnected macro- and micro- porous structure with osteostimulative chemistry created through a patented silicate substitution process to attach and stimulate osteoprogenitor cells (OPCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). It resists irrigation and can be easily viewed on x-rays to monitor healing. Previous groups have shown that Actifuse is successful in the laboratory as well as in patients; however, previously reported literature has not studied the efficacy of Actifuse in instrumented multi-level adult spinal deformity.
Based on previous literature, investigators expect the Actifuse ABX to successfully fuse to native bone growth and promote fusion as well as an autograft replacement. Potential pitfalls include Actifuse not functioning as well in place of native bone. If this occurs, investigators will conduct revision surgery to ensure proper bone union.
The success of this project could have significant effects for the society at large. It is estimate that over 200,000 arthrodeses are performed each year, and the autologous iliac crest bone graft is often considered the standard of care, therefore these results could improve the outcome of surgery for thousands of patients every year. In addition, it will likely cut down on time the surgeon is in the operating room. It could also speed patient recovery by 1) lowering the amount of autologous bone harvested from the patient, and 2) taking advantage of the properties of Actifuse (osteostimulation, resorption rate, etc) that should result in quicker bone fusing and healing.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01852747
|United States, Ohio|
|The Ohio State University|
|Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43203|
|Principal Investigator:||Safdar Khan, MD||Ohio State University|