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Development of Non-invasive Prenatal Screening Test for Microdeletions Based on Fetal DNA Isolated From Maternal Blood (MAPS)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01852708
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 14, 2013
Last Update Posted : June 13, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Natera, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to collect maternal blood samples from pregnant women carrying a fetus with a confirmed diagnosis of chromosomal abnormality or genetic disorder including microdeletions in order to further develop a non-invasive prenatal screening test based on fetal DNA isolated from maternal blood.

Condition or disease
Trisomy 21 Trisomy 18 Trisomy 13 Sex Chromosome Abnormalities Microdeletion Syndromes

Detailed Description:

The goal of this study is to further develop a non-invasive prenatal blood test that can diagnose genetic disorders in the fetus by looking at fetal DNA (genetic material) found in the mother's bloodstream during pregnancy.

Women carrying a fetus diagnosed with microdeletions/microduplications (small missing or extra pieces of DNA that can cause problems), aneuploidy (trisomy 21, 18, or 13) or other genetic disorders will be asked to participate.

If this study is successful, it will reduce the need for invasive procedures during pregnancy such as amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling (CVS) but still enable women to find out accurate information regarding their baby's health early in the pregnancy.


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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 6000 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Development of Non-invasive Prenatal Diagnostic Test for Microdeletion/Microduplication and Other Genetic Disorders Based on Fetal DNA Isolated From Maternal Blood
Study Start Date : November 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2020


Group/Cohort
Pregnant Women
Women and their partners (presumed biological father of the fetus) who are currently pregnant and carrying a fetus that has been diagnosed with a microdeletion/duplication syndrome, aneuploidy or another genetic disorder (positive karyotype result or positive result on microarray test).



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Sensitivity and Specificity of testing [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Sensitivity and Specificity of the test to diagnose microdeletions (eg. 22q and 5p-) and aneuploidy in a fetus at chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X and Y.


Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
The mother and biological father (if available) will be asked to provide a blood sample. There will be up to 4 tubes collected from the mother (approximately 3 tablespoons) and 1 tube collected from the father (2 teaspoons). The father may instead provide a saliva or buccal sample.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Pregnant women
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18 or older at enrollment
  • Gestation age of at least 9 weeks, 0 days by best obstetrical estimate
  • One or more fetuses with a clinically confirmed diagnosis of a genetic variant of interest via karyotype, FISH, chromosomal microarray or other genetic assay AND/OR
  • One or more fetuses with any variant of fetal structure that is expected to require medical or surgical intervention in the newborn period, shorten lifespan, affect intellectual development or otherwise indicate a genetic anomaly AND/OR
  • Positive high risk noninvasive prenatal screening or serum screening result
  • Able to provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

•Maternal history of bone marrow or organ transplantation


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01852708


Contacts
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Contact: Melissa Egbert 650-249-9090 ext 696 research@natera.com
Contact: Amanda Lee 650-249-9090 ext 1913

Locations
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United States, California
Natera, Inc. Recruiting
San Carlos, California, United States, 94070
Contact: Amanda Lee    650-249-9090 ext 1913    alee@natera.com   
Principal Investigator: Zachary Demko, PhD         
MFM Group of Southern CA Active, not recruiting
San Gabriel, California, United States, 91776
United States, District of Columbia
Washington Women's Wellness Center Active, not recruiting
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20010
United States, New Jersey
Saint Peter's University Hospital Active, not recruiting
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08901
United States, New York
Columbia University Active, not recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10032
United States, Pennsylvania
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Active, not recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
United States, Texas
Dr. Meltzer Clinic Active, not recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77054
Spain
Hospital Materno Infantil Vall d'Hebron Recruiting
Barcelona, Spain, 08035
Contact: Alba Farras Llobet    34620349753      
Principal Investigator: Elena Carreras Moratonas, MD         
Taiwan
GenePhile Biosciences Completed
Taipei, Taiwan, 10050
Sponsors and Collaborators
Natera, Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Zachary Demko, PhD Natera, Inc.

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Responsible Party: Natera, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01852708     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 12-014-NPT
First Posted: May 14, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 13, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019

Keywords provided by Natera, Inc.:
22q
1p36
Angelman
Cri-du-chat
Prader-Willi
DiGeorge
Turner syndrome
Patau syndrome
Edwards syndrome
Down syndrome

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Syndrome
Trisomy
Down Syndrome
Chromosome Aberrations
Chromosome Disorders
Trisomy 18 Syndrome
Trisomy 13 Syndrome
Sex Chromosome Aberrations
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Aneuploidy
Chromosome Duplication
Intellectual Disability
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Abnormalities, Multiple
Congenital Abnormalities
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Heart Defects, Congenital
Cardiovascular Abnormalities
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases