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Trial record 29 of 188 for:    "Acute megakaryoblastic leukemia"

Metformin+Cytarabine for the Treatment of Relapsed/Refractory AML

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01849276
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 8, 2013
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jessica Altman, Northwestern University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to determine if metformin in combination with cytarabine is safe and effective. Participants in this research study have acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that has come back after initial treatment or has not gone away with initial therapy.There is evidence that metformin directly kills leukemia cells. Laboratory data have also shown that combinations of metformin with cytarabine are more efficient than each agent alone in killing leukemia cells in the laboratory.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adult Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia (M7) Adult Acute Minimally Differentiated Myeloid Leukemia (M0) Adult Acute Monoblastic Leukemia (M5a) Adult Acute Monocytic Leukemia (M5b) Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia With Maturation (M2) Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Without Maturation (M1) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22) Adult Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (M4) Adult Erythroleukemia (M6a) Adult Pure Erythroid Leukemia (M6b) Blastic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Drug: metformin hydrochloride Drug: cytarabine Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of metformin (metformin hydrochloride) in combination with cytarabine in relapsed/refractory AML.

II. Define the dose limiting toxicity (DLT) of metformin in combination with cytarabine in relapsed/refractory AML.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Remission rate. II. Overall survival (OS). III. Disease-free survival (DFS). IV. Length of remission.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of metformin hydrochloride in combination with Cytarabine.

Patients receive metformin hydrochloride orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-15 and cytarabine intravenously (IV) over 3 hours BID on days 4-10.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 5 years.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Metformin and Cytarabine for the Treatment of Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Study Start Date : July 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (enzyme inhibitor and chemotherapy)
Patients receive metformin hydrochloride orally twice a day on days 1-15 and cytarabine IV over 3 hours twice on days 4-10.
Drug: metformin hydrochloride
Given orally
Other Name: Glucophage

Drug: cytarabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ARA-C
  • arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • arabinosylcytosine
  • Cytosar-U
  • cytosine arabinoside

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluate toxicity by assessing the adverse events of metformin and cytarabine [ Time Frame: Checked daily during administration of cytarabine and at least 2x weekly following therapy until desired blood counts acheived (maximum 15 days) ]
    To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) by assessing the adverse events of metformin in combination with cytarabine in evaluating toxicity. Assessments will occur daily during cytarabine administration and at least twice weekly following treatment until blood count recovery.

  2. Study treatment dose toxicity will be evaluated by measurement of adverse events experienced while on treatment [ Time Frame: Checked daily during administration of cytarabine and at least 2x weekly following therapy until desired blood counts acheived (maximum 15 days) ]
    Determination of Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) as evidenced by adverse events due to toxicity from study treatment


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Remission rate [ Time Frame: Every 3 months for 2 years, and then every 6 months for 5 years post-treatment ]
    Patients will be evaluated for remission status in response to therapy.

  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Every 3 months for 2 years, and then every 6 months for 5 years post-treatment ]
    Patients will be followed-up with from the initiation of study treatment until progression of disease or for up to 5 years, whichever comes first.

  3. Disease-free survival [ Time Frame: Every 3 months for 2 years, and then every 6 months for 5 years post-treatment ]
    Evaluation of Disease-Free Survival will defined as the time from the initiation of study treatment until the time of disease relapse.

  4. Length of remission [ Time Frame: From date of remission of disease to date of relapse (maximum of 5 year follow-up) ]
    Patients will be followed-up with to determine Remission length which is defined as the time from attainment of remission to relapse of disease.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Bone marrow and blood samples will be taken prior to study treatment to determine number of leukemic progenitor cells [ Time Frame: At baseline prior to study treatment ]
  2. Immunoblotting [ Time Frame: At baseline prior to study treatment ]
    Bone marrow and/or blood samples taken prior to initiation of treatment will be used in Immunoblotting studies to observe enzyme and protein activity.

  3. Identical immunoblotting [ Time Frame: At baseline prior to study treatment ]
    Identical immunoblotting studies may also be performed using blood samples taken prior to start of treatment.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with relapsed/refractory disease must have morphologic proof (from bone marrow aspirate, smears or touch preps of bone marrow biopsy) of AML with >= 10% blasts within two weeks (14 days) prior to initiation of therapy

    • All immunophenotype and cytogenetic/molecular groups are eligible for participation except for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) (as proven by the presence of promyelocytic leukemia/retinoic acid receptor alpha [PML-RARα])
  • Patients must demonstrate one of the following:

    • Relapse after first complete remission
    • Refractory to conventional induction chemotherapy (failure to respond to 1 or more cycles of daunorubicin and cytarabine) or to re-induction
  • Patients with previously untreated AML are candidates if they are unable to receive anthracyclines, and have documented AML with >= 20% blasts within one week prior to enrollment
  • Patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in myeloid blast crisis are eligible if their disease has failed to respond, and/or they are intolerant, to the available tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs)
  • Serum total and direct bilirubin =< upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Serum creatinine < 1.4 mg/dl in females and < 1.5 mg/dl in males, and creatinine clearance > 60 mL/min
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST])/serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< ULN
  • Bicarbonate within the normal range of the hospital lab (24-32 mmol/L)
  • Patients must exhibit an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2
  • Females of childbearing potential and sexually active males must agree to use an accepted and effective method of contraception while on study
  • Childbearing potential is defined as any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:

    • Has NOT undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; OR
    • Has NOT been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e. has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months)
  • Patients with a history of central nervous system (CNS) leukemia are eligible if they are not symptomatic from current CNS involvement

    • If there is CNS involvement that is known prior to enrollment or identified subsequently, it will be treated accordingly
  • Patients may have received therapy for other malignancies, as long as they have completed therapy at least 6 months prior to study entry and be deemed to have a life expectancy of at least 2 years with regard to that malignancy
  • All patients must have given signed, informed consent prior to registration on study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have received chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to enrollment are NOT eligible for participation

    • The exception to this is patients who are refractory to conventional initial induction chemotherapy (=< 2 courses) or to first radiation (1 course); patients must have morphologic proof (from bone marrow aspirate, smears, or touch preps of marrow biopsy) of AML with > 10% blasts within 2 weeks prior to initiation of study therapy; the last dose of cytotoxic therapy (NOT including hydrea, which is allowed) must have been given >= 14 days prior to initiation of study therapy
  • Patients with a history of diabetes mellitus (DM) treated with metformin are NOT eligible for participation
  • Patients who are pregnant or breast feeding are NOT eligible for participation due to the lack of knowledge regarding the effects of the drugs on the fetus and during breast feeding
  • Patients with any intercurrent organ damage or medical problems that would prohibit therapy are NOT eligible for participation
  • Patients with any active, uncontrolled infection are NOT eligible for participation
  • Patients who are receiving therapy for another active malignancy are NOT eligible for participation

    • The exception to this is squamous cell carcinoma or basal cell carcinoma of the skin

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01849276


Locations
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwestern University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jessica Altman, MD Northwestern University

Responsible Party: Jessica Altman, Principal Investigator, Northwestern University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01849276     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NU 11H03
NCI-2011-01084 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
STU00048047 ( Other Identifier: Northwestern University IRB# )
First Posted: May 8, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 13, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Blast Crisis
Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute
Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
Carcinogenesis
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Metformin
Cytarabine
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors