Improving Patient and Family Centered Care in Advanced Critical Illness (PARTNER)
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01844492|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 1, 2013
Last Update Posted : March 20, 2018
One in five deaths in the U.S. occurs in or shortly after discharge from an intensive care unit (ICU), typically following decisions made by surrogate decision makers to forego life prolonging treatment. A large body of empirical research has identified deficiencies in care processes that contribute to three important problems: 1) family members often experience poor quality communication with ICU clinicians, leading to lasting psychological distress associated with the ICU experience; 2) patients near the end of life frequently receive invasive, expensive treatment that is inconsistent with their values and preferences, and 3) end-of-life care is a major contributor to health care costs.[8, 9] Although advance care planning can prevent some unwanted treatment, many patients wish for a trial of intensive treatment when the prognosis is uncertain, and therefore it seems likely that the need for interventions to improve "in-the-moment" decisions by surrogates will persist.[10, 11]
In a pilot project, the investigators developed the PARTNER intervention (PAiring Re-engineered ICU Teams with Nurse-driven Emotional Support and Relationship-building), an interdisciplinary intervention that 1) gives new responsibilities and advanced communication skills training to existing ICU staff (local nurse leaders and social work members of the ICU team); 2) changes care "defaults" to ensure frequent clinician-family meetings; and 3) adds protocolized, nurse-administered coaching and emotional support of surrogates before and during clinician-family meetings. The objective of this proposal is to conduct a stepped wedge randomized controlled trial testing the PARTNER intervention in 5 ICUs among 1000 patients with advanced critical illness and their surrogates.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Anxiety Depression||Behavioral: The PARTNER Intervention Other: ICU Usual Care Control||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||1420 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Sample size listed is for patients (n=1420), for whom 809 surrogates completed long-term follow-up|
|Masking:||Single (Outcomes Assessor)|
|Primary Purpose:||Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||Improving Patient and Family Centered Care in Advanced Critical Illness|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 23, 2012|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 18, 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||February 18, 2016|
Active Comparator: ICU Usual Care Control
Other: ICU Usual Care Control
The control group will receive usual care, in which the frequency and content of clinician-family communication is determined by the clinical team according to their usual practice. No study ICU has a protocolized approach to family communication and instead clinicians determine the timing and frequency of communication with families. All sites have palliative care services.
Experimental: The PARTNER Intervention
Behavioral: The PARTNER Intervention
The PARTNER intervention (PAiring Re-engineered ICU Teams with Nurse-driven Emotional Support and Relationship-building) consists of: 1) institution of a clinical pathway for family support overseen by ICU staff nurses; 2) advanced communication skills training for ICU staff nurses; 3) a multifaceted strategy to support implementation of the clinical pathway for family support.
- Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [ Time Frame: At 6 months ]Symptom burden of anxiety and depression in family members in a telephone interview 6 months after enrollment using the validated 14-item Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS).
- Quality of Communication (QOC) scale [ Time Frame: At 6 months ]Quality of communication in family members in a telephone interview 6 months after enrollment using the validated19 item Quality of Communication Scale.
- Patient-and Family Centeredness of Care Scale [ Time Frame: At 6 months ]Patient and Family -Centeredness of Care, using the 12-item Patient-Perceived Patient-Centeredness of Care Scale (PPPC) adapted for use by surrogates.
- Intensive Care Unit Length of Stay [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for duration of ICU stay, an expected average of 21 days. ]Intensive Care Unit length of stay as assessed by abstraction of this information from hospital administrative records.
- Total Hospitalization costs [ Time Frame: Duration of hospital stay, an expected average of 4 weeks ]Total hospitalization costs by aggregating each patient's total service specific costs, generated from hospital administrative records. We will stratify this analysis by the patient's vital status at hospital discharge.
- Impact of Events Scale of Care Scale [ Time Frame: At 6 months ]We will assess symptoms of post-traumatic stress in family members in a telephone interview 6 months after enrollment using the validated 22 item Impact of Events Scale.
- Mortality [ Time Frame: At 6 months ]Hospital mortality and 6-month mortality using hospital administrative records, and the 6-month follow-up with surrogates.
- Katz Activities of Daily Living Scale [ Time Frame: At 6 months ]Functional status of the patient using the validated Katz Activities of Daily Living Scale at 6 months.
- Hospital Length of Stay [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for duration of hosptial stay, an expected average of 4 weeks. ]We will assess hospital length of stay.
- 6-month health care utilization [ Time Frame: inclusive of index hospitalization and 6 months follow up ]We will assess patient health care utilization using hospital records and through standardized interviews with surrogates at 6 months.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01844492
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|University of Pittsburgh Medical Centers|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15261|
|Principal Investigator:||Douglas B. White, MD,MAS||University of Pittsburgh|