Assessment of Intrahepatic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) RNA Levels at the Time of Liver Transplantation
The purpose of this study is to measure intrahepatic HCV RNA levels at the time of liver transplantation in patients receiving antiviral therapy while on the liver transplant waiting list. This will eventually be correlated with the degree of hepatic fibrosis present within different geographic sites in the cirrhotic liver. Tissue samples will be obtained from the patient's liver explant as well as hilar lymph nodes. Upon the removal of the cirrhotic liver at the time of transplantation, the explant will be biopsied multiple times in different segments of the liver and preserved for viral detection studies as well as analysis of the degree of fibrosis. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) will be obtained for viral detection at the time of transplantation. Serum HCV RNA levels will also be obtained at 1 month, 3 months and 6 months post liver transplantation.
- Virological relapse or non-response is higher is patients with cirrhosis due to failure of antiviral medication to concentrate adequately in a fibrotic liver having an altered sinusoidal micro-architecture
- HCV may persist in different geographic regions of the fibrotic liver in part predicated on blood supply to that area and this may have an effect on overall virological response. These differences in viral persistence and detection may exist in different lobes of the liver or even within a few centimeters within the same portion of the liver parenchyma.
- PBMC and hilar lymph nodes may be extrahepatic reservoirs of HCV viral persistence in patients receiving antiviral therapy and may account for virological relapse post-therapy
- There may be varying degrees of fibrosis within the same cirrhotic liver which may impact on hepatic synthetic function and antiviral response to treatment.
Hepatitis C Virus
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||An Assessment of Intrahepatic HCV RNA Levels at the Time of Liver Transplantation in Patients With HCV Receiving Antiviral Therapy While on the Liver Transplant Waiting List Compared to Those Not Currently Receiving Therapy|
- HCV RNA PCR levels [ Time Frame: Time of Transplantation ]The primary objective is to detect and quantitate HCV RNA PCR levels in different anatomic regions of the liver at the time of liver transplantation to ascertain whether there is similar geographic presence and/or clearance of HCV during antiviral therapy
- HCV persistence [ Time Frame: Time of Transplantation ]To ascertain whether HCV persistence within the liver is predictive of virological relapse post liver transplantation.
- Hepatic Fibrosis [ Time Frame: Time of Transplantation ]To assess the degree of hepatic fibrosis at the site of intrahepatic HCV viral detection in order to ascertain whether HCV viral detection correlates with the degree of fibrosis. This study will also examine whether there can be different degrees of hepatic fibrosis in different geographic portions of the same liver and whether there would be a correlation with the patients' natural MELD score, degree of hepatic synthetic function and ultimate virological response to antiviral therapy.
- Extrahepatic reservoirs [ Time Frame: Time of Transplantation ]To examine whether hilar lymph nodes and PBMC are extrahepatic reservoirs of HCV in patients receiving antiviral therapy and then to correlate this with intrahepatic detection of HCV and overall virological response.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
|Study Start Date:||June 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
HCV RNA (-) on anti-viral therapy
Patients undergoing liver transplantation who are documented HCV viral load undetectable while on antiviral therapy
HCV RNA (+) on anti-viral therapy
Patients undergoing liver transplantation who are receiving anti-viral therapy and who have a documented detectable HCV viral load
HCV RNA (+) not on anti-viral therapy
Patients undergoing liver transplantation who are not currently receiving anti-viral therapy and are documented viral load positive will be included and serve as a comparison group
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01836718
|United States, New York|
|Mount Sinai School of Medicine Recanati/Miller Transplantation Institute|
|New York, New York, United States, 10029|
|Principal Investigator:||Thomas D Schiano, MD||Mount Sinai School of Medicine Recanati/Miller Transplantation Institute|