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Surgery and Heated Chemotherapy for Adrenocortical Carcinoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01833832
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 17, 2013
Results First Posted : July 30, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 30, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jeremy Davis, M.D., National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

Background:

- Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare tumor of the adrenal gland. Few people who develop this disease live more than 5 years after being diagnosed. Those whose tumors have spread inside their abdomen may have an especially poor outcome. In these cases, traditional chemotherapy is not very effective. One possible new treatment is aggressive surgery with heated chemotherapy. This type of treatment has been more effective for other types of cancer in the abdomen. Researchers want to see this if approach can improve the outcomes of people with ACC.

Objectives:

- To test the safety and effectiveness of surgery and heated chemotherapy for ACC.

Eligibility:

- Individuals at least 18 years of age who have advanced ACC.

Design:

  • Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. Blood samples will be collected. Heart function tests will be given. Imaging studies will be used to locate the surgical sites before the operation.
  • Participants will have surgery to remove ACC tumor tissue. After the tumors have been removed, they will have heated chemotherapy with cisplatin. The heat may help weaken any remaining cancer cells and make them easier to destroy. It will also focus the treatment on the tumor sites, rather than the whole body.
  • Participants will recover in the hospital for several days after surgery. They will have regular follow-up visits to monitor the outcome of the surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adrenocortical Carcinoma Peritoneal Carcinomatosis Drug: Cisplatin Procedure: Cytoreductive surgery Drug: sodium thiosulfate Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Background:

  • Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare tumor with an incidence of 1.5 to 2 per million people per year and has a very poor prognosis with an overall 5-year mortality rate of 75 - 90% and an average survival from the time of diagnosis of 14.5 months.
  • The treatment of choice for a localized primary or recurrent tumor is surgical resection. For unresectable metastatic or recurrent disease, mitotane, aminoglutethimide, metapyrone, and ketoconazole are used.
  • Cisplatin is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents for ACC. In the Surgery Branch we have conducted Phase I and II trials using heated intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy with cisplatin for primary peritoneal mesothelioma, low grade appendiceal adenocarcinoma, ovarian malignancies, and high grade adenocarcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract. Synergy has been demonstrated for cisplatin and hyperthermia.
  • The purpose of this trial is to determine if an aggressive surgical approach with intraperitoneal administration of heated cisplatin when tumor volume is minimal, can impact and improve on progression free survival.

Objectives:

- To determine IP progression free survival after optimal debulking and heated IP chemotherapy with cisplatin in patients with IP spread of adrenocortical cancer

Eligibility:

- Histologically proven ACC evaluable by computed tomography (CT) imaging with the majority of disease confined to the peritoneal cavity and surgically resectable to a residual size of less than 1 cm or amenable to radiofrequency ablation in patients who are > 18 years of age.

Design:

- This is a classic phase 2 trial to determine efficacy of this therapeutic strategy in ACC. Patients will undergo cytoreductive surgery to achieve a CCR of 0 or 1.

Patients who are successfully debulked will then undergo hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) with cisplatin.

Patients will be evaluated by associate investigators in coordination with the Principal Investigator for eligibility. Due to its exploratory nature, up to 30 patients may be enrolled to obtain 24 evaluable patients. (Patients must undergo successful debulking and HIPEC to be considered evaluable.)

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 11 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Surgical Resection and Heated Intraperitoneal Peritoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) for Adrenocortical Carcinoma
Actual Study Start Date : April 12, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 9, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : August 9, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cytoreductive surgery followed by HIPEC
Cytoreductive surgery followed by hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) with cisplatin
Drug: Cisplatin
Patients who are successfully debulked will then undergo hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) with cisplatin.
Other Name: Platinol

Procedure: Cytoreductive surgery
Patients will undergo cytoreductive surgery to achieve a Completeness of Cytoreduction Score (CC) of 0 or 1.

Drug: sodium thiosulfate
sodium thiosulfate will be given to limit the toxicity of cisplatin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Intraperitoneal Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Amount of time subject survives without intraperitoneal disease progression after treatment, an average of 17 months ]
    Amount of time subject survives without intraperitoneal disease progression after treatment. Disease progression is defined as imageable tumor nodules or increasing ascites persistent on computed tomography (CT) scan as interpreted by the official interpretation of the imaging studies.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Patients With Treatment Related Morbidity Following the Heated Intraperitoneal Peritoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) Procedure [ Time Frame: Patients were assessed every 3 months up to an average of 17 months. ]
    Patients who died following the HIPEC procedure. The HIPEC is a surgical procedure in which two large bore catheters are inserted in the abdominal wall over the liver and pelvis. The physician closes the abdominal fascia and the catheters are connected to a perfusion circuit. The temperature of the catheters is carefully monitored while the physician ensures the perfusion is distributed properly by manually moving the abdomen.

  2. Percentage of Participants Who Survived 5-years Post Treatment [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Percentage of participants who are alive after treatment.

  3. The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colorectal Quality of Life (FACT-G) (QOL) Score Prior to Surgery, 6 Weeks After Surgery, and 3 Months After Surgery [ Time Frame: Prior to surgery, 6 weeks post surgery, and 3 months post surgery ]
    QOL characteristics were collected using The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colorectal Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire version 4, a validated survey that interrogates physical, emotional, functional, and social well being in cancer related issues on a 5-point scale. Scores range from 0 to 108 points. Higher scores are consistent with a better outcome.

  4. Number of Participants With Serious and Non-serious Adverse Events Assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria in Adverse Events (CTCAE v4.0) [ Time Frame: Date treatment consent signed to date off study, approximately 34 months and 28 days. ]
    Here is the count of participants with serious and non-serious adverse events assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria in Adverse Events (CTCAE v4.0). A non-serious adverse event is any untoward medical occurrence. A serious adverse event is an adverse event or suspected adverse reaction that results in death, a life threatening adverse drug experience, hospitalization, disruption of the ability to conduct normal life functions, congenital anomaly/birth defect or important medical events that jeopardize the patient or subject and may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the previous outcomes mentioned.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA
  • Histologically proven Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) with the majority of disease confined to the peritoneal cavity and resectable or amenable to radiofrequency ablation
  • Disease evaluable by computed tomography (CT) or positron emission tomography (PET) imaging
  • All disease should be deemed resectable based on imaging studies e.g.:

    • Hepatic metastases (unilateral or bilateral less than or equal to 5 lesions, less than or equal to 15 cm total diameter)
    • Note: Hepatic lesions must be amenable to complete resection
    • Primary peritoneal metastases (small disease load less than or equal to P2 disease) without massive ascites or intestinal obstruction
    • Lung metastases (less than or equal to 3 unilateral/bilateral, 9 cm total diameter)
    • Note: lung lesions must be amenable to complete resection
    • Note: Patients with both pulmonary and hepatic metastases will be enrolled at the discretion of the principal investigator (PI)
    • Note: In situations where resection to Completeness of Cytoreduction Score (CC) 0 or 1 is uncertain, patients may undergo diagnostic laparoscopy prior to enrollment to determine feasibility of resection.
  • Greater than or equal to 18 years of age
  • Able to understand and sign the Informed Consent Document
  • Clinical performance status of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) less than or equal to 2
  • Life expectancy of greater than three months
  • Patients of both genders must be willing to practice birth control during and for four months after receiving chemotherapy
  • Hematology:

    • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1500/mm^3 without the support of Filgrastim.
    • Platelet count greater than 75,000/mm^3.
    • Hemoglobin greater than 8.0 g/dl.
  • Chemistry:

    • Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 mg/dl unless the measured creatinine clearance is greater than 60 mL/min/1.73 m2
    • serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) within 5 times the upper limit of normal and a total serum bilirubin of less than 3 times the upper limit of normal, both of which define the upper limit of grade 2 treatment related toxicities.
    • Prothrombin time (PT) within 2 seconds of the upper limit of normal (international normalized ratio (INR) less than or equal to 1.8)
  • Recovered from any toxicity to grade 2 or less from all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy or radiotherapy and be at least 30 days past the date of their last treatment with the exception of mitotane which may be continued.
  • Able to understand their disease and the exploratory nature of combining surgery and Heated Intraperitoneal Peritoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) for this histology.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA

  • Concomitant medical problems that would place the patient at unacceptable risk for a major surgical procedure.
  • History of congestive heart failure and/or an left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than 40%

Note: Patients at increased risk for coronary artery disease or cardiac dysfunction (e.g., greater than 65yo, diabetes, history of hypertension, elevated low-density lipoproteins (LDL), first degree relative with coronary artery disease) will undergo full cardiac evaluation and will not be eligible if they demonstrate significant irreversible ischemia on stress thallium or an ejection fraction less than 40%.

- Significant Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) or other chronic pulmonary restrictive disease with pulmonary function test (PFTs) indicating an forced expiratory volume 1 (FEV1) less than 50% or a Carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO) less than 40% predicted for age

Note: Patients who have shortness of breath with minimal exertion or who are at risk for pulmonary disease (e.g., chronic smokers) will undergo pulmonary function testing and will not be eligible if their FEV1 is less than 50% of expected.

  • Grade 2 or greater neuropathy
  • Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the potentially dangerous effects of the chemotherapy on the fetus or infant.
  • Brain metastases or a history of brain metastases
  • Childs B or C cirrhosis
  • Evidence of severe portal hypertension by history, endoscopy, or radiologic studies

Note: Any diagnosis of portal hypertension or clinical stigmata of such including but not limited to gastric or esophageal varices, umbilical vein varices or telangiectasias.

  • Weight less than 30 kg
  • Active systemic infections, coagulation disorders or other major medical illnesses of the cardiovascular, respiratory or immune system, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmias, obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01833832


Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jeremy L Davis, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Jeremy Davis, M.D., National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] September 23, 2017


Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
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Responsible Party: Jeremy Davis, M.D., Principal Investigator, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01833832    
Other Study ID Numbers: 130114
13-C-0114
First Posted: April 17, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 30, 2019
Last Update Posted: July 30, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Jeremy Davis, M.D., National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Synergy for Cisplatin and Hyperthermia
Rare Tumor
Poor Prognosis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Peritoneal Neoplasms
Adrenocortical Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Abdominal Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Peritoneal Diseases
Adenocarcinoma
Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms
Adrenal Gland Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Adrenal Cortex Diseases
Adrenal Gland Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Sodium thiosulfate
Cisplatin
Antineoplastic Agents
Antidotes
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Chelating Agents