MagniXene MRI Use in Patients With Asthma and COPD to Assess Regional Lung Function by Delineating Ventilation Defects (HXe-VENT)
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Study of Hyperpolarized Xenon (MagniXene) in Patients With Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (Asthma and COPD) to Assess Regional Lung Function by Delineating Regions of Abnormal Lung Ventilation|
- HXe MRI delineation of regions with abnormal lung ventilation in asthma and COPD patients [ Time Frame: three years ]Depiction of ventilation defects with HXe MRI is not worse than presently accepted clinical method, Tc-99m DTPA scintigraphy, as judged by skilled readers and software analysis. The primary outcome variable will be binary: if ventilation is detected the value is 1, the value is 0 otherwise (defect). The level of agreement between HXe MRI and Tc-99m DTPA will be statistically calculated.
- Ventilated volume of the lungs determined by HXe MRI [ Time Frame: three years ]A secondary outcome will be HXe MRI capability of describing parameters of the lung physiology, such as the ventilated volume of the lungs as compared to that extracted from imaging the pleural cavity via proton MRI for healthy subjects and from the pulmonary function tests for lung disease patients.
- Number of ventilation defects in COPD and asthma patients [ Time Frame: three years ]The agreement between the number of ventilation defects as determined by skilled readers from HXe MRI and Tc-99m DTPA scintigraphy will be studied based on an extension of the Bland Altman statistical method for repeated measures data.
|Study Start Date:||September 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: HXe MRI lung ventilation
Each subject will inhale a dose of HXe gas (up to one liter HXe) while lying inside an MRI scanner. A high-resolution 3D map of the lung spaces filled with HXe gas will be acquired during a short breath-hold. Additionally, proton MRI of the chest cavity will be recorded during the same breath-hold for registering the lung boundaries. All subjects will undergo Pulmonary Function Tests. Subjects suffering from obstructive lung disease will have Tc-99m DTPA lung scintigraphy performed for comparing with HXe images.
Drug: HXe MRI lung ventilation
MagniXene (HXe) is an Investigational New Drug made of xenon noble gas. Through a physical process using alkali vapors and powerful lasers, xenon atoms have their nuclear spin preferentially aligned (hyperpolarized), thus offering a highly enhanced signal inside an MRI scanner. High-resolution images of the lung spaces are acquired within a short breath-hold after inhalation of HXe.
HXe MRI provides a diversity of imaging techniques for interrogating pulmonary function and lung microstructure. The most mature of these techniques utilizes HXe spin-density MRI to depict regional lung ventilation. Prior work suggests that ventilation imaging has utility in all obstructive lung diseases. This is a Phase II clinical trial to assess HXe MRI capability of providing qualitative and quantitative clinical information regarding lung ventilation. Proton and xenon images will be acquired within single breath holds on 28 subjects per year, including healthy volunteers and patients with COPD and asthma. All studies will include repeat scans and Pulmonary Function Tests (PFT). Ventilation scans with Technetium-99m (Tc-99m) diethylene-triamine-pentaacetate (DTPA) aerosol scintigraphy will be acquired on lung patients.
The primary goal of this aim is to validate the effectiveness of HXe ventilation MRI for delineating regions of normal and abnormal lung ventilation. To validate the regional depiction of ventilation, HXe MRI ventilation will be compared with nuclear medicine Tc-99m DTPA ventilation scintigraphy. The comparatively low spatial and temporal resolution of ventilation scintigraphy will limit this study to demonstrating only that HXe MRI ventilation is not inferior to the current clinical standard. Additionally, the concordance between measurements of the whole lung volume from both proton MRI and HXe MRI with PFT, the current clinical standard for lung volume measurement, will be assessed as a secondary outcome of the study.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01833390
|United States, Virginia|
|University of Virginia|
|Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22903|
|Principal Investigator:||Talissa A Altes, M.D.||University of Virginia|
|Principal Investigator:||Iulian C Ruset, PhD||Xemed LLC|