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Phase 1b/2, Multicenter, Open-label Study of Oprozomib and Dexamethasone in Patients With Relapsed and/or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01832727
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Enrollment halted during phase 2 to reformulate the investigational product)
First Posted : April 16, 2013
Results First Posted : July 13, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 13, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amgen

Brief Summary:

The primary objectives are:

Phase 1b:

  • To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of oprozomib given orally, once daily, on 2 different schedules.
  • To evaluate safety and tolerability

Phase 2:

  • To estimate the overall response rate (ORR).
  • To evaluate safety and tolerability

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: Oprozomib Drug: Dexamethasone Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
The purpose of the Phase 1b portion of the study was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), safety, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of oprozomib administered orally once daily in combination with dexamethasone, in participants with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma, using a 3 + 3 dose-escalation scheme with and without step-up dosing. The MTD was defined as the highest dose level at which fewer than 33% of participants had a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT).

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 65 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 1b/2, Multicenter, Open-label Study of Oprozomib and Dexamethasone in Patients With Relapsed and/or Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Actual Study Start Date : July 2, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 25, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : June 25, 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 180 mg 5/14 Schedule (Phase 1b)
Oprozomib 180 mg treatment once daily for 5 consecutive days bimonthly (days 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 of a 14-day cycle) with 20 mg dexamethasone once daily on days 1, 2, 8, and 9 (referred to as the 5/14 schedule). Treatment was administered in 14-day cycles until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or study treatment discontinuation for any reason.
Drug: Oprozomib
Oprozomib tablets were supplied containing 60, 90, or 120 mg of oprozomib. Oprozomib extended release tablets were supplied containing 150, 180, 210, 240, or 270 mg of oprozomib. Both formulations were administered in a single dose on dosing days. The tablet formulation required multiple tablets to reach each dose on dosing days.
Other Names:
  • OPZ
  • ONX 0912
  • oprozomib ER

Drug: Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone was administered as 20 mg tablets in strengths of 4 and 6 mg taken orally. If a participant could not tolerate tablets or tablets were unavailable, 20 mg administered intravenously was substituted.

Experimental: Cohort 210 mg 5/14 Schedule (Phase 1b)

Oprozomib 210 mg treatment once daily for 5 consecutive days bimonthly (days 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 of a 14-day cycle) with 20 mg dexamethasone once daily on days 1, 2, 8, and 9 (referred to as the 5/14 schedule). Treatment was administered in 14-day cycles until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or study treatment discontinuation for any reason.

This was the first cohort to enroll participants into the 5/14 schedule. The Cohort Safety Review Committee (CSRC) reviewed safety data and made dose adjustments for oprozomib in 30 mg increments for all cohorts.

Drug: Oprozomib
Oprozomib tablets were supplied containing 60, 90, or 120 mg of oprozomib. Oprozomib extended release tablets were supplied containing 150, 180, 210, 240, or 270 mg of oprozomib. Both formulations were administered in a single dose on dosing days. The tablet formulation required multiple tablets to reach each dose on dosing days.
Other Names:
  • OPZ
  • ONX 0912
  • oprozomib ER

Drug: Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone was administered as 20 mg tablets in strengths of 4 and 6 mg taken orally. If a participant could not tolerate tablets or tablets were unavailable, 20 mg administered intravenously was substituted.

Experimental: Cohort 150/180 mg 5/14 Schedule (Phase 1b)
Oprozomib 150 mg once daily treatment for 5 consecutive days (days 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 of a 14-day cycle) followed by a step-up in oprozomib once daily dose to 180 mg starting in cycle 2 and moving forward. Dexamethasone 20 mg once daily was administered on days 1, 2, 8, and 9 of each 14-day cycle. Treatment was administered in 14-day cycles until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or study treatment discontinuation for any reason.
Drug: Oprozomib
Oprozomib tablets were supplied containing 60, 90, or 120 mg of oprozomib. Oprozomib extended release tablets were supplied containing 150, 180, 210, 240, or 270 mg of oprozomib. Both formulations were administered in a single dose on dosing days. The tablet formulation required multiple tablets to reach each dose on dosing days.
Other Names:
  • OPZ
  • ONX 0912
  • oprozomib ER

Drug: Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone was administered as 20 mg tablets in strengths of 4 and 6 mg taken orally. If a participant could not tolerate tablets or tablets were unavailable, 20 mg administered intravenously was substituted.

Experimental: Cohort 210 mg 2/7 Schedule (Phase 1b)

Oprozomib 210 mg once daily on Days 1, 2, 8, and 9 of a 14-day treatment cycle in combination with 20 mg dexamethasone once daily on Days 1, 2, 8, and 9 of a 14-day cycle. Treatment was administered in 14-day cycles until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or study treatment discontinuation for any reason.

This was the first cohort to enroll participants into the 2/7 schedule. The Cohort Safety Review Committee (CSRC) reviewed safety data and made dose adjustments for oprozomib in 30 mg increments for all cohorts.

Drug: Oprozomib
Oprozomib tablets were supplied containing 60, 90, or 120 mg of oprozomib. Oprozomib extended release tablets were supplied containing 150, 180, 210, 240, or 270 mg of oprozomib. Both formulations were administered in a single dose on dosing days. The tablet formulation required multiple tablets to reach each dose on dosing days.
Other Names:
  • OPZ
  • ONX 0912
  • oprozomib ER

Drug: Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone was administered as 20 mg tablets in strengths of 4 and 6 mg taken orally. If a participant could not tolerate tablets or tablets were unavailable, 20 mg administered intravenously was substituted.

Experimental: Cohort 240 mg 2/7 Schedule (Phase 1b)
Oprozomib 240 mg once daily on Days 1, 2, 8, and 9 of a 14-day treatment cycle in combination with 20 mg dexamethasone once daily on Days 1, 2, 8, and 9 of a 14-day cycle. Treatment was administered in 14-day cycles until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or study treatment discontinuation for any reason.
Drug: Oprozomib
Oprozomib tablets were supplied containing 60, 90, or 120 mg of oprozomib. Oprozomib extended release tablets were supplied containing 150, 180, 210, 240, or 270 mg of oprozomib. Both formulations were administered in a single dose on dosing days. The tablet formulation required multiple tablets to reach each dose on dosing days.
Other Names:
  • OPZ
  • ONX 0912
  • oprozomib ER

Drug: Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone was administered as 20 mg tablets in strengths of 4 and 6 mg taken orally. If a participant could not tolerate tablets or tablets were unavailable, 20 mg administered intravenously was substituted.

Experimental: Cohort 270 mg 2/7 Schedule (Phase 1b)
Oprozomib 270 mg once daily on Days 1, 2, 8, and 9 of a 14-day treatment cycle in combination with 20 mg dexamethasone once daily on Days 1, 2, 8, and 9 of a 14-day cycle. Treatment was administered in 14-day cycles until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or study treatment discontinuation for any reason.
Drug: Oprozomib
Oprozomib tablets were supplied containing 60, 90, or 120 mg of oprozomib. Oprozomib extended release tablets were supplied containing 150, 180, 210, 240, or 270 mg of oprozomib. Both formulations were administered in a single dose on dosing days. The tablet formulation required multiple tablets to reach each dose on dosing days.
Other Names:
  • OPZ
  • ONX 0912
  • oprozomib ER

Drug: Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone was administered as 20 mg tablets in strengths of 4 and 6 mg taken orally. If a participant could not tolerate tablets or tablets were unavailable, 20 mg administered intravenously was substituted.

Experimental: Cohort 300 mg 2/7 Schedule (Phase 1b)
Oprozomib 300 mg once daily on Days 1, 2, 8, and 9 of a 14-day treatment cycle in combination with 20 mg dexamethasone once daily on Days 1, 2, 8, and 9 of a 14-day cycle. Treatment was administered in 14-day cycles until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or study treatment discontinuation for any reason.
Drug: Oprozomib
Oprozomib tablets were supplied containing 60, 90, or 120 mg of oprozomib. Oprozomib extended release tablets were supplied containing 150, 180, 210, 240, or 270 mg of oprozomib. Both formulations were administered in a single dose on dosing days. The tablet formulation required multiple tablets to reach each dose on dosing days.
Other Names:
  • OPZ
  • ONX 0912
  • oprozomib ER

Drug: Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone was administered as 20 mg tablets in strengths of 4 and 6 mg taken orally. If a participant could not tolerate tablets or tablets were unavailable, 20 mg administered intravenously was substituted.

Experimental: Cohort 330 mg 2/7 Schedule (Phase 1b)
Oprozomib 330 mg once daily on Days 1, 2, 8, and 9 of a 14-day treatment cycle in combination with 20 mg dexamethasone once daily on Days 1, 2, 8, and 9 of a 14-day cycle. Treatment was administered in 14-day cycles until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or study treatment discontinuation for any reason.
Drug: Oprozomib
Oprozomib tablets were supplied containing 60, 90, or 120 mg of oprozomib. Oprozomib extended release tablets were supplied containing 150, 180, 210, 240, or 270 mg of oprozomib. Both formulations were administered in a single dose on dosing days. The tablet formulation required multiple tablets to reach each dose on dosing days.
Other Names:
  • OPZ
  • ONX 0912
  • oprozomib ER

Drug: Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone was administered as 20 mg tablets in strengths of 4 and 6 mg taken orally. If a participant could not tolerate tablets or tablets were unavailable, 20 mg administered intravenously was substituted.

Experimental: Phase 2 300 mg 2/7 Schedule
The Cohort Safety Review Committee (CSRC) determined this dose as the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D). Oprozomib 300 mg once daily on Days 1, 2, 8, and 9 of a 14-day treatment cycle in combination with 20 mg dexamethasone once daily on Days 1, 2, 8, and 9 of a 14-day cycle. Treatment was administered in 14-day cycles until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or study treatment discontinuation for any reason.
Drug: Oprozomib
Oprozomib tablets were supplied containing 60, 90, or 120 mg of oprozomib. Oprozomib extended release tablets were supplied containing 150, 180, 210, 240, or 270 mg of oprozomib. Both formulations were administered in a single dose on dosing days. The tablet formulation required multiple tablets to reach each dose on dosing days.
Other Names:
  • OPZ
  • ONX 0912
  • oprozomib ER

Drug: Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone was administered as 20 mg tablets in strengths of 4 and 6 mg taken orally. If a participant could not tolerate tablets or tablets were unavailable, 20 mg administered intravenously was substituted.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Participants With Dose-Limiting Toxicities (DLT) [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 14 (Cycle 1) for continous dosing and Day 15 to Day 28 (Cycle 2) for step-up dosing ]

    Toxicities (graded per the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v 4.03) were considered DLTs if judged by the investigator to be related to oprozomib and occurred in the first 14 days of treatment, with treatment at the dose to be studied (i.e., Cycle 1 for continuous dosing or Cycle 2 for step-up dosing). A DLT was categorized as nonhematologic or hematologic. Examples include:

    • Any ≥ Grade 3 nonhematologic AE, with exceptions or qualifications such as Grade 3 nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation were considered a DLT only if lasting for > 7 days despite optimal supportive care
    • Grade 3 fatigue lasting > 14 days
    • Grade 4 neutropenia: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 500 cells/mcL lasting ≥ 7 days
    • Febrile neutropenia: Any single temperature ≥ 38.3°C or a sustained temperature of ≥ 38.0°C for over 1 hour with ≥ Grade 3 neutropenia (ANC < 1000 cells/mcL)
    • Grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia
    • Others specified in the protocol

  2. Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) During Phase 1b and 2 [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to Week 282 ]

    AE defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical trial participant. Treatment-emergent adverse events were defined as adverse events that start on or after the first day of study treatment and within 30 days of the last day of study treatment. An adverse event that was present before the first administration of study treatment and subsequently worsens in severity during treatment was also considered to be treatment-emergent.

    Serious AE defined as AE that is fatal, life threatening, requires in-patient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, is a congenital anomaly/birth defect or other significant medical hazard. Severity of AEs assessed according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, v4.03) based on the general guideline: Grade 1: Mild; Grade 2: Moderate; Grade 3: Severe; Grade 4: Life-threatening or disabling; Grade 5: Death related to AE.

    IP=investigational product


  3. Participants With Treatment-Related, Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) During Phase 1b and 2 [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to Week 282 ]

    AE defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical trial participant. TEAEs were defined as AEs that start on or after the first day of study treatment and within 30 days of the last day of study treatment. An AE that was present before the first administration of study treatment and subsequently worsens in severity during treatment was also considered a TEAE.

    Investigator assessed AEs for relatedness to study drug. Serious AE defined as AE that is fatal, life threatening, requires in-patient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, is a congenital anomaly/birth defect or other significant medical hazard. Severity of AEs assessed according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, v4.03) based on the general guideline: Grade 1: Mild; Grade 2: Moderate; Grade 3: Severe; Grade 4: Life-threatening or disabling; Grade 5: Death related to AE.

    IP=investigational product


  4. Best Overall Response in Phase 2 as Assessed by Investigator [ Time Frame: Screening: Day 14 to Day -1; During study: Day 1 up to 13.16 months ]
    Disease response and progression were determined using the International Myeloma Working Group-Uniform Response Criteria (IMWG-URC), except for minimal response (MR) and near complete response (nCR) which was based on the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) criteria. Evaluations reported were assessed by the investigator for participants in Phase 2.

  5. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved an Overall Response As Assessed by Investigator During Phase 2 [ Time Frame: Screening: Day 14 to Day -1; During study: Day 1 up to 13.16 months ]
    The overall response rate (ORR) was defined as the percentage of participants with the best overall response of stringent complete response (sCR), complete response (CR), near complete response (nCR), very good partial response (VGPR), and partial response (PR) as defined by the International Myeloma Working Group-Uniform Response Criteria (IMWG-URC) and modified European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) criteria.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetic (PK) Parameter for Oprozomib, Tablet and ER Formulation: Time to Maximum Serum Concentration (Tmax) on Cycle 1, Day 1 [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]

    PK samples obtained on the following schedule:

    Phase 1b Continuous Dosing, Cycles 1 and 2: Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2 Phase 1b Step-up Dosing, Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2 Phase 2, Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2


  2. Pharmacokinetic (PK) Parameter for Oprozomib, Tablet and ER Formulation: Maximum Serum Concentration (Cmax) on Cycle 1, Day 1 [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]

    PK samples obtained on the following schedule:

    Phase 1b Continuous Dosing, Cycles 1 and 2: Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2 Phase 1b Step-up Dosing, Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2 Phase 2, Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2


  3. Pharmacokinetic (PK) Parameter for Oprozomib, Tablet and ER Formulation: Area Under the Curve at the Last Measurable Time Point (AUClast) on Cycle 1, Day 1 [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]

    The area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time 0 to the time of the last quantifiable concentration (AUClast) was estimated using the linear trapezoidal method.

    PK samples obtained on the following schedule:

    Phase 1b Continuous Dosing, Cycles 1 and 2: Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2 Phase 1b Step-up Dosing, Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2 Phase 2, Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2


  4. Pharmacokinetic (PK) Parameter for Oprozomib, Tablet and ER Formulation: Area Under the Curve From Time 0 to Time Infinity (AUCinf) on Cycle 1, Day 1 [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]

    The area under the plasma concentration-curve from time 0 to time infinity (AUCinf) was estimated using the linear trapezoidal method

    PK samples obtained on the following schedule:

    Phase 1b Continuous Dosing, Cycles 1 and 2: Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2 Phase 1b Step-up Dosing, Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2 Phase 2, Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2


  5. Pharmacokinetic (PK) Parameter for Oprozomib, Tablet and ER Formulation: Terminal Half-Life (t1/2,z) on Cycle 1, Day 1 [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]

    PK samples obtained on the following schedule:

    Phase 1b Continuous Dosing, Cycles 1 and 2: Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2 Phase 1b Step-up Dosing, Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2 Phase 2, Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2


  6. Pharmacokinetic (PK) Parameter for Oprozomib, Tablet and ER Formulation: Apparent Drug Clearance After Oral Administration (CL/F) on Cycle 1, Day 1 [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]

    The apparent drug clearance after oral administration (CL/F) was calculated as the dose divided by AUCinf.

    PK samples obtained on the following schedule:

    Phase 1b Continuous Dosing, Cycles 1 and 2: Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2 Phase 1b Step-up Dosing, Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2 Phase 2, Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2


  7. Pharmacokinetic (PK) Parameter for Oprozomib, Tablet and ER Formulation: Apparent Volume of Distribution After Oral Administration (Vz/F) on Cycle 1, Day 1 [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]

    The apparent volume of distribution after oral administration (Vz/F) calculated as the dose divided by AUCinf times ƒz, where ƒz was the first-order terminal rate constant estimated via linear regression of the terminal log-linear phase.

    PK samples obtained on the following schedule:

    Phase 1b Continuous Dosing, Cycles 1 and 2: Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2 Phase 1b Step-up Dosing, Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2 Phase 2, Day 1: pre-dose, post-dose at 15 and 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 7 hours post-dose plus pre-dose on Day 2


  8. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved a Clinical Benefit Response As Assessed by Investigator During Phase 2 [ Time Frame: Screening: Day 14 to Day -1; During study: Day 1 up to 13.16 months ]
    The clinical benefit rate (CBR) was defined as Overall Response Rate (ORR) plus Minimal Response (MR) as defined by the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) criteria.

  9. Kaplan-Meier Estimates for Duration of Response (DOR) as Assessed by Investigator During Phase 2 [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to 13.16 months ]
    Duration of response was defined as the time from first evidence of partial response (PR) or better (i.e. best overall response) to confirmation of disease progression or death due to any cause. Durations were calculated for responders only. Medians and percentiles were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. 95% confidence intervals for medians and percentiles were estimated using the method by Klein and Moeschberger (1997) with log-log transformation.

  10. Kaplan-Meier Estimates for Progression-free Survival (PFS) as Assessed by Investigator During Phase 2 [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to 14.1 months ]

    Progression-free survival (PFS) was defined as number of months between start of treatment and first evidence of documented disease progression or death (due to any cause), whichever occurs first. Disease progression was determined using IMWG-URC per investigator. The duration of PFS was right-censored for participants who met 1 of the following conditions:

    • 1) starting a new anticancer therapy before documentation of disease progression or death;
    • 2) death or disease progression immediately after more than 1 consecutively missed disease assessment visit or;
    • 3) alive without documentation of disease progression before the data cutoff date.

      95% CIs for medians were estimated using the method by Klein and Moeschberger (1997) with log-log transformation.


  11. Kaplan-Meier Estimate for Time to Progression (TTP) as Assessed by Investigator During Phase 2 [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to 14.1 months ]

    Time to progression (TTP) was defined as the number of months between the start of treatment to the first documentation of disease progression. Disease progression was determined using IMWG-URC as assessed by the investigator. The same censoring rules, except for death, as in analysis of PFS were applied in the calculation of TTP.

    Participants who died prior to progressive disease were censored at the date of last evaluable response assessment.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosis of multiple myeloma with measureable disease as indicated by 1 or more of the following:

    • a. Serum M-protein ≥ 500 mg/dL
    • b. Urine M-protein ≥ 200 mg/24 hours
    • c. Only for subjects without measurable serum and urine M-protein, serum free light chain: Involved free light chain (FLC) level ≥ 10 mg/dL, provided serum FLC ratio is abnormal
  2. Patients requiring therapy who have relapsed and/or are refractory to their last therapy and have been treated with at least 1, but not more than 5, lines of multiple myeloma therapy. Prior therapy must have consisted of at least 1 regimen that included lenalidomide and/or bortezomib. Patients should be considered to be appropriate candidates for a clinical study by their treating physicians. Relapsed patients must have previously achieved ≥ minimal response (MR) on at least 1 line of therapy, as assessed by the treating physician. Refractory patients are allowed, but it is not required that patients be refractory to their last therapy. Primary refractory patients are allowed in the Phase 1b portion of the study only.
  3. Males and females ≥ 18 years of age
  4. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) 0-2
  5. Adequate hepatic function, with bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) in the absence of Gilbert's disease or hemolysis, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3 times ULN, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 times ULN
  6. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1000 cells/mcL, hemoglobin ≥ 7.0 g/dL, and platelet count ≥ 30,000 cells/mcL:

    • a. Patients must not have received platelet transfusions for at least 1 week prior to Screening.
    • b. Screening ANC must be independent of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF and GM-CSF) support for at least 1 week and of pegylated G-CSF for

      ≥ 2 weeks prior to first dose.

    • c. Patients may receive red blood cell (RBC) transfusions or receive supportive care with erythropoietin or darbepoetin in accordance with institutional guidelines.
  7. Calculated or measured creatinine clearance (CrCl) of ≥ 30 mL/minute calculated using the formula of Cockcroft and Gault ([140 - Age] * Mass (kg) / [72 * creatinine mg/mL]). Multiply result by 0.85 if female.
  8. Uric acid, if elevated, must be corrected to within laboratory normal range before dosing.
  9. Patients must sign a written informed consent form in accordance with federal, local, and institutional guidelines.
  10. Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 3 days prior to receiving the first dose of study drug and agree to use effective methods of contraception during the study and for 3 months following the last dose of study drug. Postmenopausal females (> 45 years old and without menses for > 1 year) and surgically sterilized females are exempt from these requirements. Male patients must use an effective barrier method of contraception during the study and for 3 months following the last dose if sexually active with a female of childbearing potential.
  11. Prior carfilzomib is not required but is allowed if a patient had at least 2 cycles of carfilzomib alone or in combination with a dose of at least 20/27 mg/m^2, as long as the patient:

    • a. Had at least a partial response to prior carfilzomib therapy
    • b. Was not removed from carfilzomib therapy due to toxicity, unless approved by the medical monitor
    • c. Was not removed from carfilzomib therapy for progressive disease nor experienced progressive disease within 6 months after any prior carfilzomib therapy.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to first dose; localized radiation therapy within 1 week prior to first dose
  2. Immunotherapy/standard myeloma therapy within 2 weeks prior to first dose (except for antibody therapy, where 6 weeks are required, and alkylator therapy, where 3 weeks are required); prior stem cell transplant (SCT) therapy (autologous SCT within the prior 8 weeks; allogeneic SCT within the prior 16 weeks). Patients with prior allogeneic SCT should not have evidence of moderate-to-severe graft-versus-host disease (GvHD).
  3. Plasmapheresis is not permitted at any time during the Screening period or while the subject is receiving study treatment. If a subject has started screening procedures requiring plasmapheresis, or is anticipated to require plasmapheresis during or after the Screening period, this patient will be considered ineligible and should not be enrolled.
  4. Glucocorticoid therapy within 14 days prior to enrollment that exceeds a cumulative dose of 160 mg of dexamethasone or equivalent
  5. Participation in an investigational therapeutic study within 3 weeks prior to first dose
  6. Prior oprozomib exposure
  7. Known hypersensitivity/toxicity or intolerance to dexamethasone
  8. Major surgery within 3 weeks prior to first dose
  9. Congestive heart failure ([CHF] New York Heart Association Class III to IV), symptomatic ischemia, conduction abnormalities uncontrolled by conventional intervention, or myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to first dose
  10. Uncontrolled hypertension or uncontrolled diabetes
  11. Active infection requiring systemic antibiotics, antivirals, or antifungals within 2 weeks prior to first dose
  12. Known or suspected human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or patients who are HIV seropositive
  13. Active hepatitis A, B, or C infection
  14. History of previous clinically significant GI bleed in the last 6 months prior to first dose
  15. Significant neuropathy (Grade 3, Grade 4, or Grade 2 with pain) at the time of the first dose
  16. Other malignancy within the past 3 years, with the exception of adequately treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell skin cancer, thyroid cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, carcinoma in situ of the breast, prostate cancer of Gleason Score of 6 or less with stable prostate specific antigen levels, or cancer considered cured by surgical resection
  17. Plasma cell leukemia
  18. Female patients who are pregnant or nursing
  19. Inability to swallow medication, inability or unwillingness to comply with the drug administration requirements, or GI condition that could interfere with the oral absorption or tolerance of treatment
  20. Any contraindication to oral hydration (e.g., significant preexisting comorbidity or fluid restriction)
  21. Any clinically significant psychiatric or medical condition that in the opinion of the investigator could increase patient risk or interfere with protocol adherence or a patient's ability to give informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01832727


Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, California
USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center
Los Angeles, California, United States
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States
United States, Kansas
University of Kansas Cancer Center and Medical Pavilion
Westwood, Kansas, United States
United States, Maryland
Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders
Bethesda, Maryland, United States
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
United States, Michigan
Karmanos Cancer Institute
Detroit, Michigan, United States
United States, North Carolina
Division of Hematology/ Oncology, UNC at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States
United States, Ohio
Gabrail Cancer Center Research
Canton, Ohio, United States
United States, Wisconsin
Froedtert Hospital and the Medical College of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States
France
CHRU, Hopital Huriez - Department of Hematology
Lille CEDEX, France
CHU Hotel Dieu - Service d'Hematologie Clinique
NANTES Cedex, France
CHU de NANCY - Hopital de BRABOlS
Vandoeuvre Les Nancy, France
Sponsors and Collaborators
Amgen
Investigators
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Study Director: MD Amgen
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Amgen:
Study Protocol  [PDF] February 8, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] October 20, 2016

Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Amgen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01832727    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2012-001
20130408 ( Other Identifier: Amgen )
2013-001169-18 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 16, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 13, 2020
Last Update Posted: July 13, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Amgen:
multiple myeloma
oprozomib
OPZ
ONX 0912
Onyx
proteasome inhibitor
oprozomib tablets
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents