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Brentuximab Vedotin + Re-induction Chemotherapy for AML

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01830777
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 12, 2013
Last Update Posted : August 13, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amir Fathi, Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:

This research study is a Phase I clinical trial. Phase I trials test the safety of an investigational drug or combination of drugs. These trials also try to define the appropriate dose of the investigational drug to use for further studies. "Investigational" means that the combination of drugs is still being studied and that research doctors are trying to find out more about it. As part of this research study, patients will be administered brentuximab vedotin in combination with a conventional re-induction chemotherapy regimen called MEC, which consists of the chemotherapy drugs mitoxantrone, etoposide, and cytarabine. Brentuximab vedotin has not been approved by the FDA for the patient's cancer. However, brentuximab targets a protein on tumors called CD30, and it is approved for other cancers which express CD30, and these include Hodgkin lymphoma. This means that the FDA has not approved giving brentuximab in conjunction with MEC for use in people, including people with this type of malignancy, acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

Mitoxantrone, etoposide and cytarabine are chemotherapy agents that are commonly used to treat individuals with relapsed AML. Brentuximab is an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC), which is the combination of an antibody (a protein that binds to cells) and a drug. Brentuximab vedotin works by using the antibody portion to enter into CD30-positive cells and then releasing the drug portion, which attempts to destroy the cell. Brentuximab vedotin has been used in laboratory and other research studies and information from those studies suggest that brentuximab vedotin may slow down the spread of cancers which express CD30. Some AML cell express CD30, so investigators hope that brentuximab vedotin will help with this type of AML.

The primary purpose of this research study is to determine the highest dose that Brentuximab vedotin can safely be given with MEC without severe or unmanageable side effects. The dose identified in this study will be used in future research studies.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Drug: Brentuximab Vedotin Drug: Mitoxantrone Drug: Etoposide Drug: Cytarabine Phase 1

Detailed Description:

If patients agree to participate in this research study they will be asked to undergo some screening tests or procedures to determine eligibility. Many of these tests and procedures are likely to be part of regular cancer care and may be done even if it turns out that patients do not take part in the research study. If patients have had some of these tests or procedures recently, they may or may not have to be repeated. These tests and procedures will include: a medical history, physical exam, performance status, pregnancy test, urine test, electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, blood tests, and bone marrow aspirate/biopsy. If these tests show that patients are eligible to participate in the research study, they will begin the study treatment. If patients do not meet the eligibility criteria, they will not be able to participate in this research study.

To start re-induction therapy, patients will receive brentuximab vedotin alone on Day 1. They will begin treatment with MEC (mitoxantrone, etoposide and cytarabine) a few days later (on Day 3). Since investigators are looking for the highest dose at which brentuximab vedotin can be safely administered with MEC without severe or unmanageable side effects in those with AML, not everyone who participates in this research study will receive the same dose of the study drug. The dose a patient receives will depend on the number of participants who have been enrolled in the study before that patient and how well they have tolerated their doses.

For this study, treatment will be broken up into segments. Study treatment will occur in two segments: 1) Re-Induction Therapy; and 2) Maintenance Therapy. Re-induction therapy, as described above, will be the combination of brentuximab vedotin followed on day 3 by MEC chemotherapy. The maintenance phase of therapy will only include brentuximab vedotin administered every 21 days for a total period of 12 months, and does not include any other chemotherapy. The treatment and assessments that may be required fo patients during these phases of therapy are explained below. The following assessments will be completed while patients are on the trial: physical exam, performance status, urine test, blood tests and bone marrow aspirate/biopsy.

The first part of the study treatment is called "re-induction". During re-induction, patients will be admitted to the Massachusetts General Hospital and will receive study treatment on an in-patient basis. Patients will receive brentuximab vedotin IV (intravenously or through a vein) alone on Day 1. They will then receive the following standard drugs (the MEC regimen) starting on day 3. This regimen includes the chemotherapy drugs mitoxantrone, etoposide, and cytarabine, all given by IV and beginning on Day 3 and continuing through Day 7.

If at the end of the re-induction course, the number of leukemia cells have not decreased as much as expected or desired, patients will be removed from the study and given alternative options.

The second part of study treatment is called "maintenance" and can be given on an outpatient basis in clinic. During maintenance, patients will be administered brentuximab vedotin once every 21 days, at the same dose as that given during the re-induction course. This 21 day period will be called a cycle, and will be repeated until 12 months have passed from the start of the maintenance therapy phase. During this phase, participants will not receive other chemotherapies and will not be hospitalized for treatment. During the maintenance phase, investigators will continue to collect approximately 2 to 3 teaspoons of blood for research purposes every 3-4 weeks.

Investigators would like to keep track of patients' medical condition and overall health following the 12 months of treatment on study. Investigators may ask patients questions about their general health, current medications and disease status. Investigators will also check on any new anticancer therapy patients may have started.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 22 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Trial of Brentuximab Vedotin With Re-induction Chemotherapy in Patients With Relapsed, CD30 Expressing, Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Actual Study Start Date : May 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2020

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Experimental Arm
Brentuximab Vedotin + MEC
Drug: Brentuximab Vedotin
Intravenously on Day 1 during re-induction therapy. Intravenously every 21 days during maintenance therapy

Drug: Mitoxantrone
Intravenously on Days 3-7 of re-induction therapy.

Drug: Etoposide
Intravenously on Days 3-7 of re-induction therapy.

Drug: Cytarabine
Intravenously on Days 3-7 of re-induction therapy.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Define Maximum Tolerated Dose of Brentuximab Vedotin + MEC [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The primary objective of this trial is to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the CD30 antibody drug conjugate brentuximab vedotin in combination with MEC re-induction chemotherapy in patients with relapsed acute myeloid leukemia and expression of CD30.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Detect and Categorize Incidences of Drug Related Toxicities [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Toxicities for this phase I combination trial of brentuximab vedotin and conventional re-induction chemotherapy will be assessed, graded, and categorized, so as to help determine the safety and tolerability of this combination. Specifically, dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) will be assessed for during the course of re-induction treatment up to and including day 40. DLTs should be possibly, probably, or definitely attributable to the experimental therapy.

  2. Determine Response Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To determine the response rate, including rates of complete and partial remission

  3. Measure Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To measure the overall survival after treatment

  4. Assess CD30 Status by Flow Cytometry [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To assess CD30 status by flow cytometry in enrolled patients throughout study course and correlate with IHC status

  5. Assess Pharmacodynamic Effects of CD30 Targeted Therapy [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To assess pharmacodynamic effects of CD30 targeted therapy with this ADC, including measurement of soluble CD30 and CD30 ligand levels, as well as CD30 staining

  6. Measure One Year Disease Free Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To measure the one-year disease-free survival after treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologically confirmed, relapsed acute myelogenous leukemia following a remission duration of at least 3 months
  • CD30 expressing AML
  • Willing to use acceptable method of contraception

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have received systemic antineoplastic therapy, including radiotherapy within 14 days of study treatment
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia
  • Refractory acute myeloid leukemia
  • History of a different malignancy except if disease free for at least 5 years and at low risk of remission or one of the following within the past 5 years: cervical cancer in situ, basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  • Equal to or greater than grade 2 ataxia, cranial or peripheral neuropathy
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness
  • HIV positive on combination antiretroviral therapy
  • Diagnosis of active hepatitis B or C
  • Current or history of congestive heart failure NYHA class 3 or 4
  • Current or history of ventricular or life-threatening arrythmias or diagnosis of long-QT syndrome
  • Systemic infection requiring IV antibiotic therapy within 7 days before first dose of study drug

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01830777

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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Amir Fathi, MD Massachusetts General Hospital

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Responsible Party: Amir Fathi, Principal Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital Identifier: NCT01830777     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 13-040
First Posted: April 12, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 13, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents