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A Multicenter Phase II Pilot Open Label (BKM120)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01830504
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified October 2016 by Hospices Civils de Lyon.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 12, 2013
Last Update Posted : October 5, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hospices Civils de Lyon

Brief Summary:

In France, 7-8 000 new thyroid cancer cases are diagnosed each year. Although a good overall prognosis, it is usually estimated that 10 to 20% will rescue and 5% will become metastatic.

The standard treatment of advanced metastatic or recurrent thyroid cancer is limited to radioiodine therapy. It is estimated that 30 to 50% of patients will become resistant to radio iodine. Treatments options are limited in these refractory thyroid patients and long term survival is estimated to less than 10%. Nowadays, no drug is approved in this indication.

The recent explosion in knowledge in tumour biology and the identification of potential biological targets in thyroid cancer led to several clinical trials with targeted therapies, mainly focused on TKI inhibitors targeting the MAPkinase pathway and/or VEGF. Preliminary results were encouraging in papillary thyroid tumors.

Follicular (FTC) and poorly differentiated thyroid (PDTC) cancers account for 10% of thyroid cancer but 20-25% of cancers diagnosed at an advanced stage and near 50% of metastatic refractory thyroid cancers. These cancers with an aggressive behavior represent a major cause of death from thyroid cancer. In these subtypes, targeted therapies gave disappointing results. This may be related to the mutational profile of these tumors which is different from that of papillary cancers. Aberrant activation of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway is thought to play a fundamental role in thyroid tumorigenenesis of follicular and poorly differentiated thyroid cancers. Many genetic alterations have been, recently, identified in this pathway. PIK3CA mutations are found in 10-15% of FTC and can also occur in metastases derived from PDTC. Amplification/genomic copy gain of the PIK3CA has been identified in 24% of FTC and 42% of PDTC. Epigenetic inactivation of PTEN which negatively regulates PI3K has been shown in FTC. Moreover, RAS mutations observed in 20-40% of FTC and PDTC can activate the PI3K/AKT by interacting with the RAS-binding site of the P110 catalytic subunit of PI3K.

Due to the high frequency of activation of PI3K and downstream effectors in progressive, recurrent and poorly differentiated cancers, inhibition of the PI3K signaling pathway with BKM120, a potent pan class I PI3K inhibitor, represents a particularly relevant therapeutic target and should be properly evaluated in advanced follicular and poorly differentiated thyroid carcinomas


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Thyroid Cancers Drug: BKM120 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
The primary objective of the study will be to determine efficacy of BKM120 as measured by the progression free survival (PFS rate) at 6 months in patients with progressive, metastatic, refractory, follicular or poorly differentiated thyroid cancers.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 47 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter Phase II Pilot Open Label Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of BKM120 in the Treatment of Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Differentiated Thyroid Cancers
Study Start Date : April 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: NVP-BKM120 (BKM120) PI3K inhibitor Drug: BKM120

BKM 120, 100 mg/day continuously. For patients who do not tolerate the protocol-specified dosing schedule, dose adjustments are permitted in order to allow the patient to continue the study treatment. Dose level -1 : 80 mg/day continuously, Dose level -2 : 80 mg/day 5 days out of 7. All dose modifications, interruptions or discontinuations must be based on the worst preceding toxicity as graded by the NCI Clinical Toxicity Criteria (NCI-CTCAE version 4.03.

A change from continuous schedule to intermittent (5 days out of 7) must be preceded by 2 days without treatment.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: at 6 months after the onset of the treatment ]
    The progression-free survival is defined as a lack of objective tumor progression and death. Tumor progression is documented by the CT or MRI scans. Progression is defined according to RECIST criteria (version 1.1.).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: PFS at 12 months after the onset of the treatment ]
  2. Objective tumor response (CR and PR) [ Time Frame: at 6 months after the onset of the treatment ]
    according to RECIST criteria (version 1.1.) and validated by a central review committee.

  3. Overall survival [ Time Frame: at 6 months after the onset of the treatment ]
    Overall survival (defined as the time from start of study treatment to the date of death due to any cause)

  4. safety and tolerance of BKM120 of BKM120: monitoring and recording AE and SAE, monitoring of hematology, blood chemistry and urine values, vital signs, physical examinations, skin, cardiac assessments and mood evaluation. [ Time Frame: After the patient has provided informed consent and until 4 weeks after the patient has stopped study participation. Assessments are performed at least every month during the first year, every 3 month until 12 months and every 4 months after this period. ]

    Safety and tolerability will be assessed according to the NIH/NCI CTC (V4.0). Care will be taken to the monitoring of haematology, kidney function, liver function, endocrin/metabolic function, cardiac function, mood and rash evaluation.

    Blood chemistry and urine will be considered. The others assessment will be: physical examination, ECOG performance status, body weight, vital signs, PHQ9 and GAD7 questionnaires, ECG and CT or MRI scans.

    For patients who do not tolerate the protocol-specified dosing schedule, dose modification and/or dose interruption are permitted.




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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologically confirmed differentiated follicular or poorly differentiated thyroid cancer
  2. Patients refractory to radio iodine: i.e.; absence of radioiodine uptake in at least one target lesion on a post-therapeutic whole body scan, presence of a target lesion after a cumulative radio-iodine activity of at least 600 mCi, patients with radio-iodine uptake who have progression of the disease within 12 months after radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment
  3. Metastatic or locally invasive disease
  4. Patients must have at least one site of measurable disease per RECIST (version 1.1.)
  5. Documented progression as per RECIST (version 1.1.) based on 2 comparative imagings performed within the last 12 months (+20%)
  6. Patients may have received two previous treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors but must be off treatment within at least 4 weeks
  7. Patient has signed the informed consent before any trial related activities and according to local guidelines
  8. Patient (male or female) is ≥ 18 years at the day of consenting to the study
  9. Patient has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2 which the investigator believes is stable at the time of screening
  10. Patient has adequate bone marrow and organ function as defined by the following laboratory values:

    • Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1.0 x 109/L
    • Platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
    • INR ≤ 1,5
    • Potassium, calcium,and magnesium within normal limits (WNL) for theinstitution
    • Serum Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) within normal range
    • Total Serum bilirubin within normal range normal liver function test results, and absence of other contributing disease processes at the time of diagnosis
    • Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ≤ 120 mg/dL or ≤ 6.7 mmol/L
    • HbA1c ≤ 8 %
  11. Patient has no legal protection measure
  12. Patient has a health coverage

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Other histological subtypes of thyroid tumors: papillary, anaplastic, medullary, lymphoma or sarcoma
  2. Patient has received previous treatment with PI3K and/or mTOR inhibitors or AKT inhibitors,
  3. Patient has symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases. Patients with controlled and asymptomatic CNS metastases may participate in this trial. The patient must have completed any prior local treatment for CNS metastases ≥ 28 days (including radiotherapy and/or surgery) prior to enrollment in this study
  4. Patient has a concurrent malignancy or malignancy within 3 years of study enrollment,
  5. Patient has a score ≥ 12 on the PHQ-9 questionnaire
  6. Patient selects a response of "1, 2 or 3" to question number 9 on the PHQ-9 questionnaire regarding potential for suicidal thoughts or ideation
  7. Patient has a GAD-7 mood scale score ≥ 15
  8. Patient has a medically documented history of or active major depressive episode, bipolar disorder (I or II), obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, a history of suicidal attempt or ideation, or homicidal ideation
  9. Patient is concurrently using other approved or investigational antineoplastic agent
  10. Patient who received wide field radiotherapy ≤ 4 weeks or limited field radiation for palliation ≤ 2 weeks prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered to grade 1 or better from related side effects of such therapy
  11. Patient has had major surgery within 14 days prior to starting study drug or has not recovered from major side effects of the surgery
  12. Patient has active cardiac disease or a history of cardiac dysfunction including any of the following:Unstable angina pectoris within 6 months prior to study entry,Symptomatic pericarditis,Documented myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to study entry,History of documented congestive heart failure,Documented cardiomyopathy
  13. Patient has a Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) < 50% as determined by Multiple Gated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram (ECHO)
  14. Patient has any of the following cardiac conduction abnormalities:
  15. Patient is currently receiving treatment with medication that has a known risk to prolong the QT interval or inducing Torsades de Pointes, and the treatment cannot be discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to randomization.
  16. Patient has impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of BKM120
  17. Patient is currently receiving increasing or chronic treatment (> 5 days) with corticosteroids or another immunosuppressive agent, as chronic administration of corticosteroids (> 5 days) can induce CYP3A4 The following uses of corticosteroids are permitted: single doses; topical applications, inhaled sprays, eye drops or local injections
  18. Patient has any other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical condition that would, in the investigator's judgment contraindicate patient participation in the clinical study
  19. Patient has a history of non-compliance to medical regimen or inability to grant consent
  20. Patient is currently receiving treatment with drugs known to be moderate and strong inhibitors or inducers of isoenzyme CYP3A, The patient must have discontinued strong inducers for at least one week and must have discontinued strong inhibitors before the treatment is initiated. Switching to a different medication prior to entry in the treatment phase is allowed.
  21. Patient has a known history of HIV (testing not mandatory) infection
  22. Pregnant or nursing (lactating) woman where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive beta hCG laboratory test (> 5 mIU/mL)
  23. Patient who does not apply highly effective contraception during the study and through the duration as defined below after the final dose of study treatment.
  24. Patient has a known hypersensitivity to any of the excipients of BKM120
  25. Patient has not recovered to grade 1 or better (except alopecia) from related side effects of any prior antineoplastic therapy
  26. Patient is currently receiving warfarin or other coumarin derived anti-coagulant, for treatment, prophylaxis or otherwise. Therapy with heparin, low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), or fondaparinux is allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01830504


Locations
France
Hospices Civils de Lyon
Lyon, France, 69003
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hospices Civils de Lyon
Investigators
Study Director: Françoise BORSON-CHAZOT, PUPH Hospices Civils de Lyon

Responsible Party: Hospices Civils de Lyon
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01830504     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2012-748
First Posted: April 12, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 5, 2016
Last Verified: October 2016

Keywords provided by Hospices Civils de Lyon:
thyroid cancers
refractory
PI3K inhibitor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Thyroid Diseases
Thyroid Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms