Neurodynamic Intervention in Fibromyalgia (FM)
Fibromyalgia is a chronic illness characterised by persistent,widespread muscle pain with generalised hyperalgesia and allodynia. It can be accompanied by other concomitant symptoms like fatigue, sleep disturbances, musculoskeletal disorders, distress and psychological disorders. This condition is very prevalent. It has been reported to be about 2-5% of the general global population.
Fibromyalgia have been reported to have neurodynamic disorders. The purpose of this prospective study was to examine the combined effects of soft tissue mobilization and nerve slider neurodynamic technique on pain and pressure sensitivity in women with fibromyalgia.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Study of the Effectiveness of a Neurodynamic Intervention in Women With Fibromyalgia.|
- Nervous assessment [ Time Frame: baseline, 8 weeks ]
Changes from baseline to postintervention measured with neurodynamic tests This is to test upper extremities. It moves most of the nerves between the neck and hand, including the median nerve, radial and ulnar, brachial plexus, spinal nerves and cervical nerve roots.
The patient is placed supine position. It is measured with a goniometer.
- Manual dexterity [ Time Frame: baseline, 8 weeks ]
Changes from baseline to postintervention in dexterity. This is assessed using the Purdue Pegboard Test.
The Purdue pegboard test is a timed physical test used to measure manual dexterity. Test subjects are asked to place small pins into holes in the pegboard using a specific hand and following a specific process.
- Grip strength [ Time Frame: baseline, 8 weeks ]
Changes from baseline to postintervention in grip strength. This is measured using a Jamar dynamometer with a standard protocol allowing three attempts on each side. During each measurement, patients were sitting with their shoulder adducted and elbow flexed to 90°. The maximum value achieved from all six attempts was used in analyses.
- Pressure pain measure [ Time Frame: baseline, 8 weeks ]Changes in pain pressure threshold from baseline to 8-weeks intervention. This is going to be measured in three points in upper extremities using the pressure algometer. All assessments were made by the same investigator. All the subjects were trained to familiarize the subjects with the pressure algometry procedure before the measures in an anatomical site different from the chosen sites for this study.
- Anxiety and depression [ Time Frame: baseline, 8 weeks ]Changes from baseline to postintervention in anxiety and depression in the participants. Participants completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in order to assess these parameters.
|Study Start Date:||January 2014|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Placebo Comparator: Placebo group
35 women are recruited in order to the inclusion criteria for the study. Placebo controlled. They received only standard treatment without neurodynamic intervention. They are diagnosed with Fibromyalgia attending to the Fibromyalgia Association of Granada. The study include subjects who can complete the assessment battery of tests at the beginning and end.
Other: Placebo group
Women in this group realized standard treatment in the Fibromyalgia Association without neurodynamic techniques.
Other Name: Standard treatment.
Active Comparator: Neurodynamic technique group
35 women are recruited, diagnosed with Fibromyalgia attending to the Fibromyalgia Association of Granada. The study include subjects who can complete the assessment battery of tests at the beginning and at the end.
Other: Neurodynamic technique group
Neurodynamic techniques are used in order to move most of the nerves between the neck and hand, including the median nerve, radial and ulnar, brachial plexus, spinal nerves and cervical nerve roots.
The patient is placed supine position. The treatment will be carry out 3 times per week during 8 weeks.
Fibromyalgia affects women nine times more than men.The pathophysiology of fibromyalgia is being studied nowadays in order to understand the mechanisms implicated in it.
The treatment propose in this study is a neurodynamic intervention. Neurodynamics is the term used to describe the integration of the morphology, biomechanics and physiology of the nervous system.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01826695
|Faculty of Health Sciences. University of Granada.|
|Granada., Granada, Spain, 18071|
|Principal Investigator:||Marie Carmen Valenza, phD||Universidad de Granada|