Manual Therapy to Treat Acute Whiplash Injury
|Whiplash Injuries||Other: Manual Therapy Protocol Other: Two manual techniques|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Short-Term Effects of a Manual Therapy Protocol|
- Change on Numerical Pain Rating Scale [ Time Frame: At baseline and 2 weeks ]The numerical pain rating scale is used to record the patient´s current level of neck pain.
- Neck disability index [ Time Frame: At baseline and 2 weeks ]The neck disability index consists of 10 questions addressing functional activities such as personal care, lifting, reading, work, driving, sleeping, recreational, pain intensity, concentration and headache.
- Cervical Range of Motion [ Time Frame: At baseline and 2 weeks ]Cervical range of motion is assessed with the patient sitting comfortably on a chair, with both feet flat on the floor, hips and knees at 90º of flexion, and buttocks positioned against the back of the chair.
- Tampa scale for kinesiophobia [ Time Frame: At baseline and 2 weeks ]The 17-item Tampa scale for kinesiophobia assesses fear of movement or of injury or reinjury.
|Study Start Date:||April 2013|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Manual Therapy Protocol
A protocol with five techniques on thoracic area applied twice a week.
Other: Manual Therapy Protocol
The manual therapy protocol consists in the application of the following techniques: stretching diaphragm, Inhibition for phrenic center, Neuromuscular technique, technique jones and balance technique functional.
Active Comparator: Two manual techniques
Two manual therapies on thoracic area applied twice a week.
Other: Two manual techniques
The two manual techniques applied to control group are: inhibition for phrenic center and neuromuscular technique.
Design: Randomized clinical trial. Objectives: to determine the short-term effects of a a manual therapy protocol on pain, disability and cervical range of motion in individuals with acute whiplash injury.
Methods and measures: sixty patients will be randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups: the experimental group received a manual therapy protocol and the placebo group received two manual therapy techniques. Neck pain, disability and cervical range of motion data will be collected at baseline and 24-hr after the last manual therapy application. Mixed-model analyses of variance will be used to examine the effects of the treatment on each outcome variable.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01825460
|Adelaida María Castro-Sánchez|
|Almeria, Spain, 04120|
|Study Director:||Adelaida M Castro-Sánchez, PhD||Universidad de Almeria|