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Efficacy and Safety of Eslicarbazepine Acetate (BIA 2-093) in Acute Manic Episodes Associated With Bipolar I Disorder

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01824602
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Due to a slow recruitment rate)
First Posted : April 5, 2013
Results First Posted : September 18, 2013
Last Update Posted : March 27, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bial - Portela C S.A.

Brief Summary:
The primary study objective was to evaluate the dose-dependent efficacy of eslicarbazepine acetate administered at doses of 600, 1200, and 1800 mg over a 3-week period, compared with placebo, as therapy in patients with acute mania. The secondary objectives of this study were to a) evaluate the safety and tolerability of eslicarbazepine acetate (BIA 2-093) administered at doses of 600, 1200, and 1800 mg compared with placebo, b) assess the duration to onset of action in the different dose groups, and c) monitor the appearance of depressive symptoms.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
BIPOLAR I DISORDER Drug: Eslicarbazepine acetate 1800 mg Drug: Eslicarbazepine acetate 1200 mg Drug: Eslicarbazepine acetate 600 mg Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This was a phase II, double-blind, fixed multiple dose, randomised, placebo-controlled, multicentre clinical trial in patients with a diagnosis of bipolar I disorder who experienced an acute manic (including mixed) episode. Patients who met the selection criteria at randomisation visit (V) (V2, Day 1) were randomised to 1 of 4 treatment groups: 600, 1200, or 1800 mg eslicarbazepine acetate, or placebo. Patients started the assigned treatment on Day 1 and were followed for up to 3 weeks. On Day 10, patients who showed no improvement were switched to open-label escape therapy with an established antimanic therapy. Patients could have been hospitalized at screening or at any time during the study at the investigator's discretion. Following randomisation (V2, Day 1), patients were assessed on Days 3, 7, 10, 14, 21, 28, and 56, after which they could either enter a recurrence prevention study, or the study drug could be tapered off and they could undergo follow-up assessments.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 38 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy and Safety of Eslicarbazepine Acetate (BIA 2-093) in Acute Manic Episodes Associated With Bipolar I Disorder in a Double-blind, Fixed Multiple Dose, Randomised, Placebo-controlled,Multicentre Clinical Trial.
Study Start Date : February 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group 1
Eslicarbazepine acetate 1800 mg
Drug: Eslicarbazepine acetate 1800 mg
Eslicarbazepine acetate to be taken orally, was available as 600 mg tablets.
Other Name: Esl

Experimental: Group 2
Eslicarbazepine acetate 1200 mg
Drug: Eslicarbazepine acetate 1200 mg
Eslicarbazepine acetate to be taken orally, was available as 600 mg tablets.
Other Name: Esl

Experimental: Group 3
Eslicarbazepine acetate 600 mg
Drug: Eslicarbazepine acetate 600 mg
Eslicarbazepine acetate to be taken orally, was available as 600 mg tablets.
Other Name: Esl

Placebo Comparator: Group 4
Placebo pills
Drug: Placebo
Placebo sugar pills
Other Name: Placebo sugar pills




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) Total Score From Baseline Until the End of the 3-week Treatment Period [ Time Frame: baseline and 3-week ]
    The YMRS is used to assess disease severity in patients who have been previously diagnosed with mania and it has proven psychometric properties through 11 item multiple-choice diagnostic questionnaire and the total score is determined from the summation of each 11 individual scores (and can range from 0 - 60) based on the patient's subjective feedback of his clinical condition over the previous 48 hours. A higher score indicates a worse rating for symptoms related to mania. At every visit throughout the study, investigators administered the YMRS. The results of the primary analysis of efficacy were calculated using Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with Last Observation Carried Forward (LOCF). Primary variable is presented through ANCOVA results for absolute change in YMRS total score from baseline (V2) to end of treatment (V7). A responder has at least 50% improvement (reduction) in the YMRS total score or has a total score of less than 12 points at the end of treatment period.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Aged 18 years or more.
  • A documented diagnosis of bipolar I disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV) criteria (i.e., 296.0, 296.4 or 296.6).
  • Currently displaying an acute manic (including mixed) episode according to the DSM-IV criteria.
  • A Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) total score of 20 or greater.
  • Symptoms of the current manic episode starting within 2 weeks prior to Randomization (V2, Day 1).
  • Able to undergo a standard evaluation, including clinical interview, ratings and laboratory studies.
  • Signed informed consent form (ICF).
  • Post-menopausal or otherwise incapable of becoming pregnant by reason of surgery or tubal ligation. In case of woman of childbearing potential, patient presents a serum pregnancy test consistent with a non-gravid state and will use double-barrier contraception until at least the post-study visit (PSV).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, psychotic features or rapid cycling.
  • Currently treated with carbamazepine or oxcarbazepine.
  • History of unresponsiveness, intolerance or hypersensitivity to related compounds (carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine or licarbazepine).
  • Use of any depot-neuroleptics for the current manic episode
  • Abuse of stimulating drugs or use of any systemic sympathicomimetic drug within the previous 2 weeks.
  • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) within the previous 3 months
  • History of dependence or chronic abuse from alcohol, drugs or medications within the last year.
  • Judged clinically to be at risk of harm to self or others.
  • Second or third-degree atrioventricular blockade not corrected with a pacemaker.
  • Relevant ECG or laboratory abnormalities.
  • Calculated creatinine clearance <30 ml/min [men: (140-age) x weight / serum creatinine x 72; women: (0.85) (140-age) x weight / serum creatinine x 72. Age in years, weight in kg, and serum creatinine in mg/dl].
  • Pregnancy or nursing.
  • Participation in other drug clinical trial within the last 2 months before Randomization visit
  • Not ensured capability to perform the trial or to comply with the study protocol (e.g. mental retardation or severe inability to communicate);
  • Any other uncontrolled clinically relevant disorder.
  • Previous treatment with Eslicarbazepine Acetate.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01824602


Sponsors and Collaborators
Bial - Portela C S.A.
Investigators
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Study Director: Patrício Soares-da-Silva, MD, PhD BIAL - Portela & Ca. SA

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Responsible Party: Bial - Portela C S.A.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01824602    
Other Study ID Numbers: BIA-2093-204
First Posted: April 5, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 18, 2013
Last Update Posted: March 27, 2014
Last Verified: August 2013
Keywords provided by Bial - Portela C S.A.:
BIPOLAR I DISORDER, Eslicarbazepine acetate
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Disease
Pathologic Processes
Eslicarbazepine acetate
Anticonvulsants
Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Blockers
Sodium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action