Comparison of Venlafaxine and Fluoxetine in the Treatment of Postmenopausal Women With Major Depression
Women are more prone to depression at certain points of the life cycle, although the etiologic and therapeutic implications remain largely unknown1,2. It is reported that pre- and postmenopausal women have a significant difference in response to some antidepressants, within a large clinical trial data set3, 4. A growing number of researches indicate that a woman's hormonal status may influence response to different forms of antidepressant medication. Specifically, younger women appeared to respond better to monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRIs), whereas men and older women have tended to have relatively better responses to tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) 1-5. One difference between these classes of antidepressants is that the SSRIs are strongly serotoninergic, whereas TCAs have predominantly noradrenergic effects. One pooled analysis 6 suggests that older women (age ≥ 50) tend to respond poorer to SSRI, while this phenomenen was not observed with venlafaxine.
The antidepressive mechanism of venlafaxine that has both noradrenergic and serotonergic effects is superior to SSRIs. As a noradrenergic and serotonergic antidepressant, venlafaxinee has been demonstrated of significant advantages in response and remission rates compared with various SSRIs. As mentioned above, older women tend to have relatively better responses to TCAs which is predominantly noradrenergic antidepressant. Postmenopausal women with depression also would be predicted to respond better to an SSRI if administered along with hormone replacement therapy 6. This could be critical to understanding age difference in antidepressant responses across the life cycle because circulating estrogen levels may modulate central serotoninergic pathways. Therefore, it is presumed that antidepressants which enhance both serotonergic and noradrenergic neurotransmission, as venlafaxine, may be more effective than SSRIs for postmenopausal women with major depressive disorder.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A 8-week, Rater-blind, Active-controlled, Randomized Study to Compare the Effectiveness of Venlafaxine With Fluoxetine in the Treatment of Postmenopausal Women With Major Depressive Disorder|
- Overall Improvement [ Time Frame: from baseline to endpoint(Week 8) ]change of 24-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression total score
- Improvement of individual symptoms [ Time Frame: from baseline to endpoint(week 8) ]the mean change of HAMD-24 subscale score in items 10, 11, 12, 13 (anxiety and somatizations) at endpoint
- Pain [ Time Frame: from baseline to endpoint ]the mean change of Pain visual analog scale (Pain VAS）
- safety outcome [ Time Frame: From enrollment to endpoint (Week 8) ]the proportion of patients who discontinue due to lack of efficacy or intolerability
|Actual Study Start Date:||March 7, 2013|
|Study Completion Date:||March 16, 2017|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 16, 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: venlafaxine
venlafaxine 75-225mg qd
venlafaxine 75-225mg qd
Other Name: Efexor
Active Comparator: fluoxetine
fluoxetine 20-60mg qd
fluoxetine 20-60mg qd
Other Name: Prozac
The study is designed as a multicenter, rater-blind, parallel-group, active-controlled, flexible dose, randomized trial in postmenopausal women who are recently experiencing major depressive disorder.
Patients will be female, aged 55 or older, outpatient or inpatient status, with diagnosis of major depressive episode (single or recurrent) by DSM-IV, the current depressive episode within 1 years. The patients should also have HAMD-24 total score≥20,a HAMD-24 Item 1 (depressed mood) score≥2 at screening and baseline.
The eligible subjects will be randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups with 1:1 allocation ratio: venlafaxine 75~225mg/d or fluoxetine 20~60mg/d. Treatment and observational duration will be 56 days (8 weeks).
Primary efficacy measure will be assessed based on the decrease of HAMD-24 from baseline to endpoint. The secondary efficacy measures are change from baseline to endpoint in CGI-S, CGI-I, and Pain VAS et al.
The safety in this study will be assessed by adverse event reporting, clinical laboratory measurements and physical examinations.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01824433
|Beijing Anding Hospital|
|Beijing, Beijing, China, 100088|
|Principal Investigator:||Gang Wang, M.D.,Ph.D||Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital Medical University|