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Sirolimus, Idarubicin, and Cytarabine in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified April 2017 by Thomas Jefferson University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thomas Jefferson University ( Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University ) Identifier:
First received: March 25, 2013
Last updated: April 18, 2017
Last verified: April 2017
This pilot clinical trial studies sirolimus, idarubicin, and cytarabine in treating patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia. Sirolimus may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as idarubicin and cytarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving sirolimus together with idarubicin and cytarabine may kill more cancer cells.

Condition Intervention Phase
Adult Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia (M7)
Adult Acute Monoblastic Leukemia (M5a)
Adult Acute Monocytic Leukemia (M5b)
Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia With Maturation (M2)
Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Without Maturation (M1)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22)
Adult Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (M4)
Adult Erythroleukemia (M6a)
Adult Pure Erythroid Leukemia (M6b)
Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Drug: Sirolimus
Drug: Idarubicin
Drug: Cytarabine
Early Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot, Pharmacodynamic Correlate Trial of Sirolimus in Combination With Chemotherapy (Idarubicin, Cytarabine) for the Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Thomas Jefferson University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in measurement of mTOR activation paired with mTOR target inhibition [ Time Frame: Baseline to day 4 ]
    The association between mTOR response and clinical response (complete or partial response) will be evaluated using the two-sided Fisher's exact test with alpha 0.05.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: 1 year, 2 years, 5 years ]
    Will be evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method stratified by mTOR response. Log rank test will be used to compare the overall survival in patients with and without mTOR response. Based on the estimated survival curves, the 1-year, 2-year, and 5-year survival rates will be computed with the corresponding 95% confidence intervals.

  • Progression free survival [ Time Frame: 1 year, 2 years, 5 years ]
    Based on the estimated survival curves, the 1-year, 2-year, and 5-year survival rates will be computed with the corresponding 95% confidence intervals.

  • Incidence of toxicities, graded according to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) 4.0 guidelines [ Time Frame: Up to 45 days ]
    Safety data analysis is descriptive. All estimates of adverse events rates will be presented with corresponding confidence intervals using the exact method.

  • Response defined as patients achieving a complete remission (CR), complete response in absence of total platelet recovery (CRp), or partial remission (PR) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Proportions of complete response and partial response with be computed separately in patients with and without mTOR response and presented with corresponding exact binomial 95% confidence intervals.

Estimated Enrollment: 90
Study Start Date: March 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: March 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (sirolimus, idarubicin, cytarabine)
Patients receive sirolimus PO QD on days 1-10, idarubicin IV over 3-5 minutes on days 4-6, and cytarabine IV continuously over 24 hours on days 4-10.
Drug: Sirolimus
Given PO
Other Names:
  • rapamycin
  • Rapamune
Drug: Idarubicin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 4-demethoxydaunorubicin
  • Zavedos
  • Idamycin
Drug: Cytarabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • cytosine arabinoside
  • Cytosar-U
  • Depocyt
  • Ara-C
  • Arabinofuranosyl Cytidine

Detailed Description:


1) To determine whether there is an association between baseline mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) activation paired with mTOR target inhibition post-treatment in leukemic blasts and clinical response in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated with sirolimus idarubicin/cytarabine.


  1. To estimate the response rate of sirolimus idarubicin/cytarabine in patients with newly diagnosed AML compared to historical data using idarubicin/cytarabine alone.
  2. To determine the ability of oral sirolimus to inhibit mTOR in leukemic blasts.
  3. To assess if mTOR pathway inhibition correlates with clinical response.
  4. To collect further information on the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of sirolimus in combination with idarubicin/cytarabine in patients with newly diagnosed AML.
  5. To describe the progression-free survival and overall survival (1 year, 2 year and 5 year) of patients treated with sirolimus idarubicin/cytarabine.


Patients receive sirolimus orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-10, idarubicin intravenously (IV) over 3-5 minutes on days 4-6, and cytarabine IV continuously over 24 hours on days 4-10.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 5 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must have histologic evidence of newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (non-M3 AML) as documented by the presence of >20% myeloid blasts in the bone marrow
  2. Subjects must be 18 years of age and <= 60
  3. Subjects must have an ECOG performance status of 2 or less. (see attachment 1).
  4. Subjects must have a life expectancy of at least 4 weeks.
  5. Subjects must be able to consume oral medication.
  6. Required initial laboratory values: Creatinine 2.0mg/dL; total or direct bilirubin 1.5mg/dL; SGPT(ALT) 3xULN (if not due to the leukemia itself); negative pregnancy test for women with child-bearing potential.
  7. Patients must be able to sign consent and be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan and laboratory testing.
  8. Subjects must have a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of >/= 45%.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects with APL - FAB M3 (t(15;17)(q22;q21)[PML-RAR] are not eligible
  2. Subjects must not have received any chemotherapeutic agents for the AML (except Hydroxyurea). Intrathecal ARA-C and intrathecal methotrexate are permissible (as they are not systemic and only isolated to the central nervous system).
  3. Subjects must not be receiving growth factors, except for erythropoietin.
  4. Subjects with a "currently active" second malignancy, other than non-melanoma skin cancers are not eligible.
  5. Subjects with uncontrolled high blood pressure, unstable angina, symptomatic congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction within the past 6 months or serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia are not eligible.
  6. Subjects taking the following are not eligible:

    1. Carbamazepine (e.g., Tegretol)
    2. Rifabutin (e.g., Mycobutin)
    3. Rifampin (e.g., Rifadin)
    4. Rifapentine (e.g., Priftin)
    5. St. John's wort
    6. Clarithromycin (e.g., Biaxin)
    7. Cyclosporine (e.g. Neoral or Sandimmune)
    8. Diltiazem (e.g., Cardizem)
    9. Erythromycin (e.g., Akne-Mycin, Ery-Tab)
    10. Itraconazole (e.g., Sporanox)
    11. Ketoconazole (e.g., Nizoral)
    12. Telithromycin (e.g., Ketek)
    13. Verapamil (e.g., Calan SR, Isoptin, Verelan)
    14. Voriconazole (e.g., VFEND)
    15. Tacrolimus (e.g. Prograf)
  7. Subjects taking fluconazole, voriconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, and ketoconazole within 72 hours of study entry are not eligible. Reinstitution of fluconazole, voriconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, ketoconazole and diltiazem is permissible 72 hours after the last dose of sirolimus.
  8. Subjects who require HIV protease inhibitors or those with AIDS-related illness
  9. Subjects with other severe concurrent disease which in the judgment of the investigator would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study are ineligible.
  10. Subjects must not be pregnant or breastfeeding. Pregnancy tests must be obtained for all females of child-bearing potential. Pregnant or lactating patients are ineligible for this study due to the unknown human fetal or teratogenic toxicities of sirolimus. Males or females of reproductive age may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method.
  11. Subjects who have uncontrolled infection are not eligible. Patients must have any active infections under control. Fungal disease must be stable for at least 2 weeks before study entry.
  12. Subjects with bacteremia must have documented negative blood cultures prior to study entry.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01822015

Contact: Margaret Kasner, MD 215-955-8874
Contact: Clinical Research Management Office 215-955-1661

United States, Pennsylvania
Thomas Jefferson University Recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
Contact: Margaret Kasner, MD    215-955-8874      
Contact: Clinical Research Management Office    215-955-1661      
Principal Investigator: Margaret Kasner, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Sameh Gaballa, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Neal Flomenberg, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Joanne Filicko-O'Hara, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Mark Weiss, MD         
Sub-Investigator: S. Onder Alpdogan, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Ubaldo Martinez-Outschoorn, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Manish Sharma, MD         
Sub-Investigator: John Wagner, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Matthew Carabasi, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Thomas Klumpp, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University
Principal Investigator: Margaret Kasner, MD Thomas Jefferson University
  More Information

Additional Information:
Chiarini F, Grimaldi C, Ricci F, et al. Temsirolimus, An Allosteric mTORC1 Inhibitor, Is Synergistic with Clofarabine in AML and AML Leukemia Initiating Cells. ASH Annual Meeting Abstracts;118:2596-.
Park S, Chapuis N, Marcoux FS, et al. RAD001: A Clinico-Biological Phase I GOELAMS trial of Everolimus Association with High Dose Chemotherapy in Late Relapsing AML Patients Under 65 Years of Age. ASH Annual Meeting Abstracts;118:945-.
Scott EC, Perl A, Luger SM, Carroll M, Kasner M. A Feasibility Study of Rapamycin with Hyper-CVAD Chemotherapy in Adults with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) and Other Aggressive Lymphoid Malignancies and Evaluation of mTOR Signaling Using Phosphoflow. ASH Annual Meeting Abstracts;118:4245-.

Responsible Party: Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Identifier: NCT01822015     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 12D.588
2012-55 ( Other Identifier: CCRRC )
Study First Received: March 25, 2013
Last Updated: April 18, 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute
Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antifungal Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors processed this record on April 25, 2017