Positive Psychology for Mood Disorders (PPBPAD)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01820286|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 28, 2013
Last Update Posted : September 5, 2017
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The investigators are doing this study to see if "positive psychology" can help adults with depression or bipolar disorder.
Positive psychology involves exercises-short tasks-that try to increase good feelings and emotions, like optimism, happiness, personal strengths, and well-being. Positive psychology exercises might include imagining a bright future, being grateful for good events, forgiving others, and doing kind acts for others.
The investigators want to see if practicing positive psychology exercises after leaving the hospital can increase feelings of hope, optimism, and positive thinking. The investigators are asking you to take part in this research study because you are in the hospital for depression or bipolar disorder.
This research study will compare "positive psychology exercises" to "control condition exercises." During the study, you may take part in control condition exercises instead of positive psychology exercises.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Bipolar Disorder Depression||Behavioral: Positive psychology intervention Behavioral: Recollection intervention||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||25 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Single (Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Trial of a Positive Psychology Intervention to Reduce Suicide Risk in Patients With Mood Disorders|
|Study Start Date :||March 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||June 10, 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 10, 2016|
Experimental: Positive psychology intervention
4-week positive psychology intervention of 1 positive psychology exercise per week. Exercises will include 1) recalling 3 good events, 2) writing a letter of thankfulness, 3) using a personal strength, 4) envisioning a best possible future.
Behavioral: Positive psychology intervention
Active Comparator: Recollection intervention
4-week recollection intervention of 1 recollection exercise per week. Exercises will include recalling events related to 1) daily activities, 2) health, 3) social life, 4) morning and evening.
Behavioral: Recollection intervention
- Feasibility of positive psychology exercises [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
Feasibility will be measured by:
- Completion rate of exercises
- Ease of exercises (rated on a 5-point scale)
- Helpfulness of exercises (rated on a 5-point scale)
- Impact of positive psychology exercises on positive affect [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
Positive affect will be measured by:
- Optimism score on the Life Orientation Test-Revised (scores range from 3 to 30, with higher scores indicating higher levels of optimism)
- Gratitude score on the Gratitude Questionnaire-6 (scores range from 6 to 42, with higher scores indicating higher levels of gratitude)
- Positive emotion score on the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (scores range from 10 to 50, with higher scores indicating higher levels of positive emotion)
- Impact of positive psychology exercises on negative affect [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
Negative affect will be measured by:
- Hopelessness scores on the Beck Hopelessness Scale (scores range from 0 to 20, with higher scores indicating higher levels of hopelessness).
- Suicidal ideation scores on the Concise Health Risk Tracking scale (scores range from 12 to 60, with higher scores indicating higher levels of suicidal ideation)
- Depression scores on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self Report (scores range from 0 to 27, with higher scores indicating higher levels of depression)
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Patient admitted to Massachusetts General Hospital Inpatient Psychiatric Unit
- Age 18 and older
- Able to read and write in English
- Admission diagnosis of major depressive disorder or bipolar affective disorder (current depressive episode), confirmed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and inpatient chart review
- Psychotic symptoms, as assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and inpatient chart review
- Cognitive disorder, assessed using a six-item cognitive screen developed for research
- Primary admission diagnosis of substance use disorder
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01820286
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Massachusetts General Hospital|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|Principal Investigator:||Jeff C Huffman, MD||Massachusetts General Hospital|
|Responsible Party:||Jeff C. Huffman, MD, Medical Director of Inpatient Psychiatric Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||March 28, 2013 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||September 5, 2017|
|Last Verified:||September 2017|
Bipolar and Related Disorders