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Phase I Trial: T4 Immunotherapy of Head and Neck Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01818323
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 26, 2013
Last Update Posted : April 6, 2022
Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
John Maher, King's College London

Brief Summary:

The overall goal of this study is to investigate the safety of T4 immunotherapy when administered to treat loco-regional disease in Squamous Cell Cancer of the Head and Neck (SCCHN) that is not suitable for conventional active therapy.

The investigators propose to conduct an open-labelled, non-randomized, dose-escalation phase I trial in which autologous T4+ T-cells are administered to patients with SCCHN. T-cells will be engineered to express a second generation chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) named T1E28z. Engineered T-cells will be injected directly into the tumour site. Patients will not be lymphodepleted. A classical 3+3 design will be employed, with dose escalation from 10^7 through to 10^9 transduced T4+ T-cells, dependent upon toxicity monitoring. It is anticipated that up to 30 patients will be enrolled over the course of the study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Head and Neck Cancer Other: Intra-tumoral T4 immunotherapy Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Further information is provided in van Schalkwyk MC, Papa SE, Jeannon JP, Guerrero Urbano T, Spicer JF, Maher J. Design of a phase I clinical trial to evaluate intratumoral delivery of ErbB-targeted chimeric antigen receptor T-cells in locally advanced or recurrent head and neck cancer. Hum Gene Ther Clin Dev. 2013 Sep;24(3):134-42. doi: 10.1089/humc.2013.144. PubMed ID: 24099518

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

In this dose escalation study, the intervention consists of intratumoral delivery of panErbB-specific CAR T cells, administered alone or following lymphodepleting chemotherapy with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide. In cohort 7, patients will also receive 3 doses of Nivolumab, the first of which is administered 24h before CAR T-cells

This note has been added in response to the warning " WARNING: Phase 1/Phase 2 studies typically have at least one Intervention Type of Drug, Biological/Vaccine or Combination Product."

Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description: Open label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Trial: T4 Immunotherapy of Head and Neck Cancer
Study Start Date : June 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intra-tumoral T4 immunotherapy
Treatment arms comprise escalating doses of T4 immunotherapy, administered alone or in combination with lymph-depleting chemotherapy
Other: Intra-tumoral T4 immunotherapy
Intra-tumoral administration of a single dose of T4-positive patient-derived T-cells (at five escalating dose levels) contained within 1-4 mL. Cohort 6 patients receive CAR T-cells (dose level 3) after lymphodepletion with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide
Other Name: 4ab T1E28z positive T-cells

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose limiting toxicities for T4 immunotherapy in SCCHN and determine a safe and feasible recommended dose for phase II testing of intra-tumoral T4 immunotherapy. [ Time Frame: Up to 6 weeks post T4 administration ]
    Patients will be monitored intensely for the first 24 hours post T4 administration. Patients will the be assessed for signs of toxicity on days 3-4, 5-7, 8, 15, 29 and 43.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To investigate serum cytokine levels after administration of T4 immunotherapy [ Time Frame: up to 6 weeks post T4 administration ]
  2. To investigate persistence of T4+ T-cells at the site of administration and in the peripheral circulation [ Time Frame: up to 6 weeks post T4 administration ]
  3. To achieve preliminary assessment of anti-tumour activity, using cross-sectional imaging to quantify objective responses [ Time Frame: up to 6 weeks post T4 administration ]
  4. To investigate tumour ErbB receptor phenotype, before and after administration of T4 immunotherapy [ Time Frame: up to 6 weeks post T4 administration ]
  5. To investigate immunomodulatory effects of metronomic cyclophosphamide on T4 immunotherapy [ Time Frame: up to 6 weeks post T4 administration ]
    Pre- and post-treatment absolute number of circulating T-regulatory cells will be compared.

  6. To investigate effect of T4 immunotherapy upon immune reactivity against endogenous tumour antigens [ Time Frame: up to 6 weeks post T4 administration ]
    ELISPOT will be performed on blood samples taken 3 days prior and 29 days after T4 administration to measure for MAGE-reactive T-cells.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologically and/ or cytologically confirmed SCCHN.
  2. 18 years or older.
  3. Locally advanced and/ or recurrent head and neck cancer with or without metastatic disease (excluding brain metastases) for whom no standard therapy remains or is suitable.
  4. Regarding previous treatment, patients may have received prior systemic therapy, including platinum chemotherapy, at least one month earlier. In the presence of metastatic disease, recent short-course palliative radiotherapy to non-target site(s) is allowed.
  5. Those who refuse palliative treatment may be eligible for participation. However, their reasons for not opting for palliative treatment must be explored thoroughly.
  6. At least one loco-regional target lesion measurable by RECIST v1.1 criteria on CT or MRI scanning within four weeks of enrolment, and amenable to intra-tumoral injection.
  7. Eastern Co-operative Oncology Performance Status of 0-2.
  8. Normal cardiac function as assessed by electrocardiography and either echocardiography (ECHO), or multi-gated acquisition (MUGA) scanning. Left ventricular ejection fraction must be > 50%. Assessment must take place within four weeks of enrolment.
  9. Haematology results within seven days of enrolment: neutrophils >1.5 x 109/L, platelets >100 x 109/L, haemoglobin >9g/dl, INR <1.5.
  10. Biochemistry results within seven days of enrolment: • serum creatinine <1.5 upper limit of normal • bilirubin <1.25 times normal; • ALT/ AST <2.5 times upper limit of normal (<5 times upper limit of normal if liver metastases present)
  11. Female patients must be postmenopausal (12 months of amenorrhea), surgically sterile or they must agree to use a physical method of contraception. Oral or injectable contraceptive agents cannot be the sole method of contraception. Women of childbearing potential (WOCB) who receive cyclophosphamide must adhere to these contraceptive requirements during the trial and until 3 months after the last dose of cyclophosphamide. Male patients, even if sterilized, must agree to use a barrier method of contraception. Male subjects must also commit to use a barrier method of contraception until at least 3 months after the end of study treatment.
  12. Written informed consent prior to registration.
  13. Eligible for NHS care in the UK.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. The presence of or imminent occurrence of airway obstruction, unless tracheostomy in place.
  2. The presence of or imminent occurrence of tumour-mediated infiltration of major blood vessels.
  3. Positive history of HIV-1, HIV-2, HTLV-1, HTLV-2, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C or syphilis infection.
  4. Prior splenectomy.
  5. Clinically active autoimmune disease. Sub-clinical or quiescent autoimmune disease does not exclude from participation.
  6. Treatment in the preceding week with systemic corticosteroids (> 20mg prednisolone/ day), any systemic immunomodulatory agent, radiotherapy, chemotherapy or investigational medicinal product.
  7. Concurrent use of anticoagulant therapy is not permissible.
  8. The presence of major co-morbidity likely to impair ability to undergo trial therapy, such as recent myocardial infarction, congestive cardiac failure or uncontrolled hypertension.
  9. The presence of any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule.
  10. Cyclophosphamide allergy (Cohort 6 only).
  11. Pregnancy.
  12. Breastfeeding.
  13. Prior T4 immunotherapy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01818323

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Contact: John Maher, MD PhD (+44) 02071881468 ext 81468

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United Kingdom
Clinical Research Facility, Guy's Hospital Recruiting
London, United Kingdom, SE1 9RT
Principal Investigator: John Maher         
Sponsors and Collaborators
King's College London
Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
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Principal Investigator: John Maher, MD PhD King's College London
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Responsible Party: John Maher, Consultant and Senior Lecturer in Immunology, King's College London Identifier: NCT01818323    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2012-001654-25
First Posted: March 26, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 6, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by John Maher, King's College London:
Chimeric antigen receptor
Head and Neck Cancer
Phase I trial
Maximum tolerated dose
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site