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Study of MLN4924 Plus Azacitidine in Treatment-naive Participants With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) Who Are 60 Years or Older

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01814826
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 20, 2013
Results First Posted : March 3, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 3, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda ( Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. )

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), and to assess the safety and tolerability of MLN4924 (pevonedistat) in combination with azacitidine in treatment naive participants with AML who were 60 years of age or older.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Drug: MLN4924 Drug: Azacitidine Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 64 participants
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Phase 1b, Open-Label, Dose-Escalation Study of MLN4924 Plus Azacitidine in Treatment-Naïve Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Who Are 60 Years or Older
Actual Study Start Date : April 10, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 3, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : April 8, 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MLN4924 and Azacitidine Drug: MLN4924

MLN4924 intravenously (IV) in AML participants in a 28-day cycle:

  • MLN4924 on Days 1, 3, and 5 for Cycle 1 and all subsequent cycles
Other Name: Pevonedistat

Drug: Azacitidine

Azacitidine (IV) or subcutaneously in AML participants in a 28-day cycle:

- Azacitidine Days 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9 in Cycle 1 and for all subsequent cycles





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 30 days after the last dose of study drug (up to 5 years) ]
  2. Number of Participants With TEAEs Related to Clinically Significant Laboratory Evaluation Findings [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 30 days after the last dose of study drug (up to 5 years) ]
  3. Number of Participants With TEAEs Related to Clinically Significant Vital Sign Findings [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 30 days after the last dose of study drug (up to 5 years) ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose-escalation Phase, Cmax: Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length is equal to [=] 28 days) ]
  2. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) Expansion Phase, Cmax: Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  3. Dose-escalation Phase, Tmax: Time to Reach the Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  4. MTD Expansion Phase, Tmax: Time to Reach the Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  5. Dose-escalation Phase, Ctrough: Observed Plasma Concentration at the End of the Dosing Interval for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  6. MTD Expansion Phase, Ctrough: Observed Plasma Concentration at the End of the Dosing Interval for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  7. Dose-escalation Phase, AUC0-tau: Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve From Time Zero to the End of the Dosing Interval (Tau) for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  8. MTD Expansion Phase, AUC0-tau: Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve From Time Zero to the End of the Dosing Interval (Tau) for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  9. Dose-escalation Phase, AUC24hours: Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve From Time Zero to 24 Hours Post-Dose for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  10. MTD Expansion Phase, AUC24hours: Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve From Time Zero to 24 Hours Post-Dose for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  11. Dose-escalation Phase, AUCinf: Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve Extrapolated to Infinity for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  12. MTD Expansion Phase, AUCinf: Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve Extrapolated to Infinity for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  13. Dose-escalation Phase, Lambdaz: Terminal Disposition Phase Rate Constant for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  14. MTD Expansion Phase, Lambdaz: Terminal Disposition Phase Rate Constant for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  15. Dose-escalation Phase, t1/2: Terminal Disposition Phase Half-life for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  16. MTD Expansion Phase, t1/2: Terminal Disposition Phase Half-life for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  17. Dose-escalation Phase, Rac: Observed Accumulation Ratio for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  18. MTD Expansion Phase, Rac: Observed Accumulation Ratio for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  19. Dose-escalation Phase, CLp: Systemic Clearance for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  20. MTD Expansion Phase, CLp: Systemic Clearance for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  21. Dose-escalation Phase, Vss: Volume of Distribution at Steady-state for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  22. MTD Expansion Phase, Vss: Volume of Distribution at Steady-state for MLN4924 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-dose; Cycle 1 Day 5 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 48 hours) post-dose (Cycle length = 28 days) ]
  23. Best Overall Response Rate [ Time Frame: Cycle(C)1Day(D)22 and at C2 between D20 and 28 and at C4 and beyond C4 after completion of every 3rd C between D15 and 28 up to 30 days after last dose of study drug/before start of subsequent antineoplastic therapy, if that occurred sooner(up to 5 years) ]
    Disease response was based on best overall response as determined by an investigator based on revised recommendations of the International Working Group (IWG) Response Criteria for AML. Best overall response rate was defined as percentage of participants who had complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or CR/remission with incomplete blood count recovery (Cri). CR: free of leukemia-related symptoms, absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than (>)1.0*10^9 per liter (/L), platelet count greater than or equal to (>=) 100*10^9/L, normal bone marrow with <5 percent (%) blasts and no Auer rods. CRi: As per CR but with residual thrombocytopenia (platelet count <100*10^9/L) or residual neutropenia (ANC <1.0*10^9/L). PR: >=50% decrease bone marrow blasts to 5 to 25% abnormal cells, or CR with less than or equal to (<=) 5% blasts if Auer rods present.

  24. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: From the date of first documented CR, PR or CRi up to the date of first disease progression (Up to 5 years) ]
    The duration of response was defined in participants with disease response (CR, CRi, or PR) as the time between the first documentation of response and disease progression. Duration of response was determined by an investigator based on revised recommendations of the IWG Response Criteria for AML. CR: free of leukemia-related symptoms, absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than (>)1.0*10^9 per liter (/L), platelet count greater than or equal to (>=) 100*10^9/L, normal bone marrow with <5 percent (%) blasts and no Auer rods. CRi: As per CR but with residual thrombocytopenia (platelet count <100*10^9/L) or residual neutropenia (ANC <1.0*10^9/L). PR: >=50% decrease bone marrow blasts to 5 to 25% abnormal cells, or CR with less than or equal to (<=) 5% blasts if Auer rods present.

  25. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: From the first dose of study drug up to date of death (up to 5 years) ]
    Overall survival was defined as the time from the first dose of study drug to the date of death. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate overall survival, along with the corresponding 95% confidence interval.

  26. Thirty-day Mortality Rate [ Time Frame: 30 days after the first dose of study drug in Cycle 1 (Cycle Length=28 days) ]
  27. Sixty-day Mortality Rate [ Time Frame: 60 days after the first dose of study drug on Cycle 1 (Cycle Length=28 days) ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Participants with world health organization (WHO)-defined AML, 60 years of age or older, who are unlikely to benefit from standard induction therapy, defined as having at least 1 of the following:

    • Greater than or equal to 75 years of age.
    • Antecedent hematologic disease.
    • Known adverse cytogenetic risk.
    • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) PS = 2.
    • Participant must not have received definitive treatment for AML, defined as any prior chemotherapy with antileukemic activity.
  2. ECOG PS 0 to 2.
  3. Expected survival longer than 3 months from enrollment in the study.
  4. Female participants who are post menopausal, surgically sterile, or agree to practice 2 effective methods of contraception or agree to practice true abstinence.
  5. Male participants who agree to practice effective barrier contraception or agree to practice true abstinence.
  6. Voluntary written consent must be given before performance of any study-related procedure.
  7. Suitable venous access for the study-required blood sampling.
  8. Clinical laboratory values as specified below within 3 days before the first dose of any study drug:

    •Total bilirubin must be less than or equal to (<=) the upper limit of the normal range (ULN).

    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) must be<=2.5*ULN.
    • Serum creatinine <=1.5*ULN.
    • Albumin greater than or equal to (>=) 27 grams per liter (g/L).
    • Hemoglobin >9 grams per deciliter (g/dL). Note: It was permissible to transfuse participants with red blood cells to achieve this criterion.
    • White blood cell (WBC) count less than (<) 50,000 per microliter (/mcL) before administration of pevonedistat on Days 1, 3, and 5 of Cycle 1.

    Note: Hydroxyurea could be used to control the level of circulating leukemic blast cell counts to no lower than 10,000/mcL while on pevonedistat.

  9. Able to undergo bone marrow aspiration and biopsy at screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Previous treatment with azacitidine or decitabine.
  2. Known favorable cytogenetic risk.
  3. Any serious medical or psychiatric illness.
  4. Treatment with any investigational products.
  5. Known hypersensitivity to azacitidine or mannitol.
  6. Acute promyelocytic leukemia as diagnosed by morphologic examination of bone marrow, by fluorescent in situ hybridization or cytogenetics of peripheral blood or bone marrow, or by other accepted analysis.
  7. Active uncontrolled infection or severe infectious disease.
  8. Major surgery within 14 days before the first dose of study drug.
  9. Life-threatening illness unrelated to cancer.
  10. Clinically uncontrolled central nervous system (CNS) involvement.
  11. WBC count greater than (>) 50,000/ mcL.
  12. Prothrombin time (PT) or activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) >1.5* ULN or a history of coagulopathy or bleeding disorder
  13. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive.
  14. Known hepatitis B surface antigen-positive, or known or suspected active hepatitis C infection
  15. Known hepatic cirrhosis or severe pre-existing hepatic impairment.
  16. Known cardiac/cardiopulmonary disease defined as 1 of the following:

    • Uncontrolled high blood pressure (that is, systolic blood pressure >180 milliliter per mercury (mm Hg), diastolic blood pressure >95 mm Hg).
    • Congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV, or Class II with a recent decompensation that required hospitalization or referral to a heart failure clinic within 4 weeks before screening (see Section 15.4 of the protocol in Appendix 16.1.1).
    • Cardiomyopathy or history of ischemic heart disease
    • Participants with ischemic heart disease who had acute coronary syndrome (ACS), myocardial infarction (MI), and/or revascularization (example, coronary artery bypass graft, stent) in the past 6 months were excluded. However, participants with ischemic heart disease who had ACS, MI, and/or revascularization greater than 6 months before screening and who are without cardiac symptoms could be enrolled.
    • Arrhythmia (example, history of polymorphic ventricular fibrillation or torsade de pointes). However, participants with <Grade 3 atrial fibrillation (a fib) for a period of at least 6 months could enroll. Grade 3 a fib is symptomatic and incompletely controlled medically, or controlled with device (example, pacemaker), or ablation. Participants with paroxysmal a fib were permitted to enroll.
    • Implantable cardioverter defibrillator.
    • Moderate to severe aortic and/or mitral stenosis or other valvulopathy (ongoing).
    • Pulmonary arterial hypertension. Prolonged rate corrected QT (QTc) interval >= 500 msec, calculated according to institutional guidelines
  17. Left ventricular ejection fraction
  18. Known moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, interstitial lung disease, and pulmonary fibrosis.
  19. Body mass index >40 kilogram per square meter (kg/m^2).
  20. Treatment with CYP3A inducers within 14 days before the first dose of MLN4924.
  21. Systemic antineoplastic therapy or radiotherapy within 14 days before the first dose of study drug, except for hydroxyurea.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01814826


Locations
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United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, California
Stanford University
Stanford, California, United States, 94305-5826
United States, Colorado
Hospital Corporation of America-HealthOne, LLC
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80218
United States, Florida
Mayo Clinic - Jacksonville, FL
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224
University of Miami School of Medicine
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
United States, North Carolina
UNC-Chapel Hill School of Medicine
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
United States, Tennessee
Sarah Cannon Research Institute
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37203
United States, Texas
Methodist Hospital
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78229
Sponsors and Collaborators
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Monitor Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Publications of Results:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01814826    
Other Study ID Numbers: C15009
U1111-1221-2792 ( Other Identifier: WHO )
First Posted: March 20, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 3, 2020
Last Update Posted: March 3, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Takeda makes patient-level, de-identified data sets and associated documents available for all interventional studies after applicable marketing approvals and commercial availability have been received (or program is completely terminated), an opportunity for the primary publication of the research and final report development has been allowed, and other criteria have been met as set forth in Takeda's Data Sharing Policy (see www.TakedaClinicalTrials.com for details). To obtain access, researchers must submit a legitimate academic research proposal for adjudication by an independent review panel, who will review the scientific merit of the research and the requestor's qualifications and conflict of interest that can result in potential bias. Once approved, qualified researchers who sign a data sharing agreement are provided access to these data in a secure research environment.
Keywords provided by Takeda ( Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ):
Drug Therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Azacitidine
Pevonedistat
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors