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Decitabine Augments for Post Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified March 2013 by The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
Xian-Janssen Pharmaceutical Ltd.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University Identifier:
First received: January 18, 2013
Last updated: March 10, 2013
Last verified: March 2013
Allo - hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is currently the only way to cure myelodysplastic syndrome /acute leukemia . The existing experimental results showed that decitabine and 5-azacytidine up-regulated the expression of tumor Ags on leukemic blasts in vitro and expanded the numbers of immunomodulatory T regulatory cells in animal models. Reasoning that decitabine might selectively augment a graft versus leukemia effect, the investigators used decitabine administration after allogeneic stem cell transplantation to studied the immunologic sequelae.

Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Myelocytic Leukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Drug: decitabine
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To assess the effects of decitabine on graft versus leukemia post transplant. [ Time Frame: three years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To assess immunologic reconstitution after allo HSCT [ Time Frame: three years ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  • To assess lymphoid and myeloid chimerism post transplantation [ Time Frame: three years ]
  • To determine the incidence of acute and chronic GVHD [ Time Frame: three years ]
  • To determine the rates disease relapse, 3-year disease-free survival, and overall survival [ Time Frame: three years ]
  • To access the frequency of FoxP3+ CD4+CD25+ lymphocytes and WT1 specific CTL before and after decitabine treatment [ Time Frame: three years ]
  • To assess changes in WT1 gene expression and methylation patterns before and after following decitabine treatment [ Time Frame: three years ]

Estimated Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: January 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: decitabine
36 mg/m2 on day 42 after transplantation and administered daily for 5 consecutive days every 28 days for up to a total of 10 cycles
Drug: decitabine
36 mg/m2 on day 42 after transplantation and administered daily for 5 consecutive days every 28 days for up to a total of 10 cycles
No Intervention: no decitabine


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed AML in complete or partial remission or MDS using WHO classification undergoing alloHSCT
  • High resolution typing HLA-matched related or unrelated donor. Donors may be mismatched at single antigen at HLA-A, -B or -DR locus plus possible single antigen mismatch at HLA-C according to institution guidelines. Two-antigen mismatch at a single locus is not allowed.
  • Age ≥ 18
  • creatinine < 1.5 times the institutional ULN or creatinine clearance (calculated by the Cockroft and Gault method) ≥ 30 mL/min
  • bilirubin < 1.5 times the institutional ULN
  • AST, ALT and alkaline phosphatase < 2.5 times the institutional ULN.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of previous alloHSCT prior to the current alloHSCT.
  • Persistent AML or MDS after alloHSCT.
  • Positive serology for HIV.
  • Pregnancy or nursing.
  • Other cancers less than or equal to 2 years prior study entry except: basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, carcinoma in situ of the breast, prostate cancer stage T1a or T1b.
  • Uncontrolled active infections requiring intravenous antibiotics. Clinically significant systemic illness (e.g. serious active infections or significant cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic or other organ dysfunction), which, in the judgment of the Principal or Associate Investigator would compromise the patient's ability to tolerate protocol therapy.
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to decitabine.
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents.
  • General or specific changes in patient's condition that render the patient unacceptable for further treatment in judgment of the investigators.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01809392

China, Jiangsu
First Affiliated Hospital, Soochow University
Suzhou, Jiangsu, China, 215000
Sponsors and Collaborators
The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University
Xian-Janssen Pharmaceutical Ltd.
Study Director: Fu chengcheng, Phd First Affiliated Hospital, Soochow University
  More Information

Responsible Party: The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University Identifier: NCT01809392     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: hematology-02
Study First Received: January 18, 2013
Last Updated: March 10, 2013

Keywords provided by The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University:
hematopoietic stem cell transplant
Wilms' tumor 1
cytolytic T lymphocyte
Regulatory T cell

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors processed this record on May 23, 2017