GroundsKeeper: A Qualitative Study of Applied Game-based Interactives in Special Education Programs
The purpose of this study is to examine the use of, and reaction to, one particular software application(GroundsKeeper) delivered on unique platform - Sifteo cubes (www.sifteo.com). The hypothesis is that the use of these devices will increase engagement, motivation, interest, and have perceived benefits to users with unique attention-limiting cognitive disabilities. How does the observation of and user feedback from gameplay reveal areas of improvement for the game, strengths, and perceptions of value among the players and adults?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Pervasive Developmental Disorder
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||GroundsKeeper: A Qualitative Study of Applied Game-based Interactives in Special Education Programs|
- Number of Participants With an Increase/Improvement in Focusing [ Time Frame: 3 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Researchers will observe and record data during the first play session. Over the three weeks, teachers/support staff will be asked to observe players each day and record their observations as needed in a journal. These observations will measure their improvement in their ability to focus by assessing their engagement, time played, frequency of play, ability to complete a session and ability to start and finish a session. At the end of three weeks, researchers will attend the final play session and record observations in writing.
- Pre Interview With Participants to Qualitatively Identify Interest and Motivation [ Time Frame: Day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Researchers will conduct interviews with players and collect all notes/journals recorded. Specific questions will be asked about their perception of their attention, interest and motivation to play the game. Themes of the answers will be identified by researchers as a qualitative measure of interest.
- Pre Interview With Teachers to Qualitatively Identify Themes of Motivation and Interest [ Time Frame: Day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Researchers will conduct interviews with teachers and collect all notes/journals recorded. Specific questions will be asked about their perception of participant's attention, interest and motivation to play the game. Themes of the answers will be identified by researchers as a qualitative measure of interest.
- Post Interview With Participants to Qualitatively Identify Themes of Interest and Quality of Life Effects [ Time Frame: Day 21 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]After playing game for three weeks, researchers will interview participants about their interest in the game and changes in quality of life (no forms).
- Post Interview With Teachers to Qualitatively Assess Interest in Using the Game With Students and Any Improvements to be Made [ Time Frame: Day 21 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Researchers will ask teachers for qualitative feedback once participants have completed game play about interest in using the game and any improvements to be made.
|Study Start Date:||January 2013|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Play Groundskeeper
This study will employ design-based research models (Laurel, 2003) to the executive-functioning training game GroundsKeeper by CogCubed; we will assess the quality of digital designs for learning (Barab & Squire, 2004) using established qualitative data collection to analyze game play and player reaction over a three week period of time. We will assess the participants for their ability to stay engaged in play by observing their engagement in the game, time played, frequency of play, and the ability to complete a session over the course of three weeks while in school.
Groundskeeper is a product developed for helping players develop skills to increase focus and attention. The game is played on small Sifteo Cubes that have sensors that react to you and each other. There are new games that might help children with ADHD and Autism learn to better focus and keep attention on a task.
Other Name: Executive Function Training Game
Primarily the investigators seek to observe and interview participants over a three-week period of time to assess their ongoing interest and the perceived effects of regular play segments each day (10-20 minutes each). Data will be collected in pre/post interviews, teacher journals, and observation of pre/post play sessions.
These new hands-on digitized cubes are motion sensitive blocks that are capable of interactively reacting to each other and motion applied to them. The game GroundKeeper makes use of these cubes to use auditory and visual stimuli to provide distractors during play apart from the goal of the game. The investigators expect that play will encourage attention in players and are interested to see what players and their teachers/parents perceive the effects to be.
The investigator's goal is not to measure actual attention rates and times of the students, but the subjective observations of players' engagement with the devices, motivation to play the game, interest initially and over time, and perceived effect of the game on attention. This type study is commonly known as 'play-testing' a software product with the target audience; a process refined as "design-based research" in academia (Laurel, 2003) and used for assessing the quality of digital designs for learning (Barab & Squire, 2004) and using data to improve them. This study will be a qualitative counter-balance to the quantitative work being done separately by the University of Minnesota (Under Dr. Srivastava), using clinical and computer based diagnostics and data mining respectively on the same product.
Digital tools are facilitating both traditional and '21st century skills' via new information and communication technologies for knowledge work, thinking, learning, and leading digital lifestyles (p. 23) (Trilling & Fadel, 2009). Further there is growing evidence these skills, along with traditional literacies are being learned by using digital applications (Gee, 2007; Squire & Barab, 2004; Steinkuehler & Duncan, 2008). Early evidence that digital tools can 'amplify' learning activity shows potential for digital technology to beneficial even if 'played' or used 'in the wild' (Squire & Dikkers, 2012). This study seeks to further explore learning attributes of a digitally mediated learning experience designed for a particular learning goal.
Additionally, current diagnostic aids, used in treating attention capacity for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism, are currently expensive, time intensive, and provide little information about accessory movements in response to a stimulus. One in ten children, ages 5 to 17, has been diagnosed with ADHD; and the number of kids with autism has increased 78% in the last ten years http://www.cnn.com/2012/03/29/ health/autism/index.html). This study will seek to assess the accessibility and usability of software that seeks to help shape attention strategies through play and 'fun' learning for both ADHD and Autistic children that struggle with attention. If effective this could be a valuable and affordable option for educational institutions to serve these learners.
This study seeks to aid CogCubed in improved design for their game that will improve its' ability to engage, motivate, and retain player interest over time.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01808066
|United States, Ohio|
|Athens, Ohio, United States, 45701|
|Principal Investigator:||Seann Dikkers, PhD||Ohio University|