Efficacy Trial of Zonisamide for Myoclonus Dystonia (EpsilonZêta)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01806805|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 7, 2013
Last Update Posted : April 24, 2015
Myoclonus Dystonia is a disease in which myoclonus distort the precision of movements and so cause a handicap in the movements of the everyday life. Response to oral medications may be incomplete and surgery may cause operating risk.
Zonisamide is an antiepileptic drug which could bring a therapeutic profit in Myoclonus Dystonia on the severity of the myoclonus.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Myoclonus Dystonia||Drug: zonegran Drug: placebo||Phase 3|
In "dystonia", the involuntary abnormal movements cause a driving handicap and a change of the quality of life. A particular shape of dystonia, the Myoclonus Dystonia, is characterized by the ascendancy of myoclonias (abrupt and brief movements) associated with the abnormal dystonia. Myoclonus is an additional source of handicap in the movements of the everyday life, because they distort the precision of movements. Response to oral medications may be incomplete and the tolerance poor, such that deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery is useful for the major forms but it is also an invasive therapeutics which the operating risk is not totally estimated in the absence of controlled study. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate other pharmacological therapeutic tracks which present a good ratio profit / risk.
Zonisamide is usually used in France in the epilepsy's treatment. It showed its efficiency in the progressive myoclonus epilepsy, not only on the seizure but also on the myoclonia. Therefore, it showed its efficiency on post-anoxic and propriospinal myoclonus. So, we make the hypothesis that this medicine could bring a therapeutic profit in the Myoclonus Dystonia.
The aim of this study is to demonstrate the efficiency of the zonisamide on the severity of myoclonus (UMRS) at those patients. The others outcomes are to estimate the impact of the treatment on the myoclonus's neurophysiological characteristics, the dystonia's severity (BFM score), the quality of life (SF-36 and CGI scores), but also to investigate the tolerance of the treatment.
We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, two-period cross-over design to evaluate the effect on severity of myoclonus in response to placebo or zonisamide (until 300 mg) in 32 patients.
The study includes an evaluation at the beginning and at the end of every period (4 evaluations at all). Each period includes a phase of titration (six weeks) followed by a phase of fixed dose (three weeks). Those two periods are separated by a period of wash-out (3 weeks) preceded by a phase of progressive decrease of doses (two weeks).
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||24 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Crossover Assignment|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Comparative Study of the Efficiency of Zonisamide in Myoclonus Dystonia: A Monocentric , Randomized in Cross Over and Double Blind Study Versus Placebo Study|
|Study Start Date :||February 2012|
|Primary Completion Date :||July 2014|
|Study Completion Date :||July 2014|
Zonegran / Placebo Zonisamide (Zonegran ®) and its placebo appear under the shape of virgin capsules of size 1. Each drug will be dispensed successively in a box containing blister packs of 14 capsules. For every period (A and B), box will contain 26 blister packs. A phase of progressive increase of doses by stages of 50 mg / week is planned before reaching the fixed dose of 300 in the daytime during 4 weeks. Then, a progressive diminution over two weeks is planned before the stop.
|Drug: zonegran Drug: placebo|
Placebo Comparator: placebo
Placebo /Experimental Zonisamide (Zonegran ®) and its placebo appear under the shape of virgin capsules of size 1. Each drug will be dispensed successively in a box containing blister packs of 14 capsules. For every period (A and B), box will contain 26 blister packs. A phase of progressive increase of doses by stages of 50 mg / week is planned before reaching the fixed dose of 300 in the daytime during 4 weeks. Then, a progressive diminution over two weeks is planned before the stop.
|Drug: zonegran Drug: placebo|
- Measure of the evolution of the severity of myoclonus by a specific scale (UMRS) [ Time Frame: from day 0 to week 23 ]
- Measure of the evolution of the severity of dystonia by a specific scale (BFM) [ Time Frame: from day 0 to week 23 ]
- measure of the evolution of the severity of myoclonus by electromyographic recording [ Time Frame: from day 0 to week 23 ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01806805
|Pitié salpetriere hospital|
|Paris, France, 75013|
|Principal Investigator:||Emmanuel Roze||APHP|