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Bevacizumab Beyond Progression in Platinum Sensitive Ovarian Cancer (MITO16MANGO2b)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01802749
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 1, 2013
Last Update Posted : December 21, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:

Bevacizumab has been found to prolong progression free survival in first line, and more recently, in second line treatment for platinum sensitive ovarian cancer patients who had not received prior treatment with bevacizumab.

Recently reported data suggest that patients with colon cancer who receive bevacizumab in more than one line of therapy (beyond progression) have better results. In ovarian cancer, the role of bevacizumab administered in both first and second-line therapies needs to be defined.

This study aims to evaluate whether administering bevacizumab in combination with chemotherapy in second-line therapy to patients with recurrent ovarian cancer who have received first-line bevacizumab will be more effective than chemotherapy alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Ovarian Cancer Drug: Bevacizumab Drug: Paclitaxel Drug: Carboplatin Drug: pegylated liposomal doxorubicin Drug: Gemcitabine Phase 3

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 406 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multicenter Phase III Randomized Study With Second Line Chemotherapy Plus or Minus Bevacizumab in Patients With Platinum Sensitive Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Recurrence After a Bevacizumab/Chemotherapy First Line
Study Start Date : November 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2018

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: chemotherapy

Combination chemotherapy with ONE of the following regimens:

  • PLD-C: Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin 30 mg/m2 + Carboplatin AUC (area under curve) 5 on day 1 every 4 weeks;
  • GEM-C: Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 on day 1, 8 every 21 + Carboplatin AUC of 4 on day 1 every 21 days;
  • PAC-C: Paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 on day 1, every 21 + Carboplatin AUC of 5 on day 1 every 21 days.
Drug: Paclitaxel Drug: Carboplatin Drug: pegylated liposomal doxorubicin
Other Name: Caelyx
Drug: Gemcitabine
Experimental: Chemotherapy and bevacizumab

Combination chemotherapy AND bevacizumab with ONE of the following regimens:

  • PLD-C: Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin 30 mg/m2 + Carboplatin AUC 5 on day 1 every 4 weeks and Bevacizumab 10 mg/kg i.v. on Day 1 every 2 weeks;
  • GEM-C: Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 on day 1, 8 every 21 + Carboplatin AUC of 4 on day 1 every 21 days AND Bevacizumab 15 mg/kg i.v. on Day 1 every 3 weeks;L
  • PAC-C: Paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 on day 1, every 21 + Carboplatin AUC of 5 on day 1 every 21 days AND Bevacizumab 15 mg/kg i.v. on Day 1 every 3 weeks.

Patients whose disease has not progressed after the initial six cycles of combination treatment will continue bevacizumab, at 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks until disease progression,unacceptable toxicity or patient withdrawn.

Drug: Bevacizumab
Other Name: Avastin
Drug: Paclitaxel Drug: Carboplatin Drug: pegylated liposomal doxorubicin
Other Name: Caelyx
Drug: Gemcitabine

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. progression free survival [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    assessed by local Investigator

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. overall survival [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  2. number of complete or partial responses [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1

  3. worst grade toxicity per patient [ Time Frame: evaluated every 3 weeks up to 12 months ]
    according to Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events v. 4.03

  4. number of patients taking oral antidiabetic therapy [ Time Frame: at baseline ]
  5. number of patients taking antithrombotic therapy [ Time Frame: at baseline ]
  6. progression free survival [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    as measured by independent central review

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. predictive clinical factors for efficacy of bevacizumab [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  2. correlation of baseline plasma biomarker expression and clinical outcome [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Eligibility Criteria

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female patients ≥18 years of age.
  • Patients with histologically confirmed epithelial ovarian or fallopian tube carcinoma or primary peritoneal carcinoma, including mixed Mullerian Tumours
  • Recurrence or progression at least 6 months after the last chemotherapy cycle of a first line carboplatin + paclitaxel chemotherapy including bevacizumab (recurrence or progression might occur either during or after bevacizumab as maintenance)
  • Patients can be included if they have a RECIST progression, with either measurable or non-measurable disease
  • ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance) Status of 0-2.
  • Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
  • Signed informed consent obtained prior to initiation of any study-specific procedures and treatment as confirmation of the patient's awareness and willingness to comply with the study requirements including blood samples for molecular analyses.
  • Availability of tumour samples for molecular analyses from primary surgery (mandatory) and secondary surgery (when available)

Exclusion Criteria:

Cancer related

  • Ovarian tumours with low malignant potential (i.e. borderline tumours)
  • History or evidence of synchronous primary endometrial carcinoma, unless all of the following criteria related to the endometrial carcinoma are met:

    • stage ≤Ia
    • no more than superficial myometrial invasion
    • no lymphovascular invasion
    • not poorly differentiated (grade 3 or papillary serous or clear cell carcinoma).
  • Other malignancy within the last 5 years, except for adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix or squamous carcinoma of the skin, or adequately controlled limited basal cell skin cancer.

Prior current or planned treatment:

  • More than one previous chemotherapy line
  • Previous therapy with other anti-angiogenetic agents different from bevacizumab.
  • Any prior radiotherapy to the pelvis or abdomen.
  • Surgery (including open biopsy) within 4 weeks prior to the first bevacizumab dose.Current or recent (within 10 days prior to the first study drug dose) use of full-dose oral or parenteral anticoagulants or thrombolytic agents for therapeutic purposes (except for line patency, in which case international normalized ratio [INR] must be maintained below 1.5). Post operative prophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin sc is allowed.
  • Current or recent (within 30 days of first study dosing) treatment with any other investigational drug.


  • Inadequate bone marrow function: ANC (absolute neutrophil count): <1500/mm3, or platelet count <100,000/mm3 or Haemoglobin <9 g/dl. Patients may be transfused to maintain haemoglobin values ≥9 g/dl.
  • Inadequate coagulation parameters:

    • activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) >1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or
    • INR (international normalized ratio) >1.5
  • Inadequate liver function, defined as:

    • serum (total) bilirubin >1.5 x ULN for the institution
    • AST/SGOT or ALT/SGPT > 2.5 x ULN.
  • Inadequate renal function, defined as:

    • serum creatinine >2.0 mg/dl or >177 micromol/l
    • urine dipstick for proteinuria >2+. Patients with ≥ 1+ proteinuria at baseline dipstick analysis should undergo a 24-hour urine collection and must demonstrate ≤1g of protein in their 24-hour urine collection.

Prior or concomitant conditions or procedures:

  • History or evidence of brain metastases or spinal cord compression.
  • Pregnant or lactating females.
  • History or evidence of thrombotic or haemorrhagic disorders; including cerebrovascular accident (CVA) / stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) or sub-arachnoid haemorrhage within ≤6 months prior to the first study treatment).
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (sustained systolic >150 mm Hg and/or diastolic >100 mm Hg despite antihypertensive therapy) or clinically significant (i.e. active) cardiovascular disease, including:
  • myocardial infarction or unstable angina within ≤6 months prior to the first study treatment
  • New York Heart Association (NYHA) grade II or greater congestive heart failure (CHF)
  • serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication (with the exception of atrial fibrillation or paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia)
  • peripheral vascular disease ≥grade 3 (i.e. symptomatic and interfering with activities of daily living requiring repair or revision).
  • History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess, or with signs of impending bowel obstruction within 6 months prior to the first study treatment.
  • Non-healing wound, ulcer or bone fracture. Patients with granulating incisions healing by secondary intention with no evidence of facial dehiscence or infection are eligible but require three weekly wound examinations.
  • Evidence of any other medical conditions (such as psychiatric illness, peptic ulcer, etc.), physical examination or laboratory findings that may interfere with the planned treatment, affect patient compliance or place the patient at high risk from treatment-related complications.
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01802749

  Show 82 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute, Naples
Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
Principal Investigator: Sandro Pignata, M.D., Ph.D. National Cancer Institute, Naples
Principal Investigator: Nicoletta Colombo, M.D. European Institute of Oncology
Principal Investigator: Francesco Perrone, M.D., Ph.D. National Cancer Institute, Naples
Principal Investigator: Gennaro Daniele, M.D., Ph.D. National Cancer Institute, Naples
Principal Investigator: Roldano Fossati, M.D. Mario Negri Institute
Principal Investigator: Ciro Gallo, M.D. University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli"
Principal Investigator: Irene Floriani, Ph.D. Mario Negri Institute
More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute, Naples
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01802749     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MITO-16 -MANGO-OV2b
2012-004362-17 ( EudraCT Number )
ENGOT-ov 17 ( Other Identifier: ENGOT )
First Posted: March 1, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 21, 2016
Last Verified: December 2016

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute, Naples:
second line
platinum sensitive
first line bevacizumab
biologic factors
clinical factors

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ovarian Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Gonadal Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents