Tumor TARGET Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is common in males and may develop over the course of an individual's life. This cancer is often discovered at the time of routine physical examinations and/or blood work or on rectal examination. Once diagnosed, most patients do require some form of treatment so that the prostate cancer does not progress to cause damage and/or shortened lifespan. Occasionally, after patients receive treatment, the investigators have found that an area of cancer remains within the prostate. Those patients with a large area of cancer (i.e. seen on MRI image) appear to have a higher chance of remaining or recurrent prostate cancer even after standard treatment. Thus, the investigators believe that the area of the prostate gland occupied by a dense area of cancer may need more radiation therapy than normal to remain cancer free.
Standard therapy currently in place in North America: Currently patients who are diagnosed with prostate cancer have 3 common options: surgery, external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) alone or internal radiation (brachytherapy). Patients may or may not receive hormone therapy alongside the radiation depending on their physician's preference. For those who receive radiation therapy, the tumor typically receives the same dose as the rest of the prostate gland.
Findings to date: In the past few years the investigators have discovered that patients with a tumor large enough to be seen on MRI images (>5mm) have a higher chance than normal of having cancer remain in the prostate, despite receiving treatment for their cancer 3 years earlier. Using new technology investigators can deliver radiation therapy after viewing the prostate tumor on MRI. This guides therapy, allowing the radiation treatment to be targeted to the tumor within the prostate. Based on this earlier success the investigators believe that they can now safely give a higher dose of radiation to specifically target the cancer within the prostate gland.
Reason for the study: The investigators would like to test this technology and expertise to give radiation to a higher than normal dose to the tumor nodule in prostate gland.
|Prostate Cancer||Radiation: Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) and High-Dose Rate (HDR) Radiotherapy Other: No Active Treatment - completed Prior Radiation||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Tumor Targeted Radiotherapy for Patients With Localized Prostate Cancer|
- Determine rates of Local Control after standard targeted boost radiotherapy in patients with localized prostate cancer. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
- Determine if high‐dose tumor‐targeted radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer can be integrated in a standard‐care workflow. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
- Determine a methodology with appropriate uncertainty margins for Gross Tumour Volume boost [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
- Evaluate the spatial distribution of prostatic carcinoma at the time of repeat biopsy [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
- Compare dose to recurrent and non‐recurrent tumor nodules. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
- Determine rates of toxicity with tumor‐targeted boost radiotherapy. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
- Assess Quality of Life (QoL) outcomes after high‐dose tumor‐targeted boost therapy. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
- Determine patient acceptance of combination of high dose rate and volumetric modulated arc therapy techniques [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
- Determine clinical outcomes by comparing integrated boost volumetric modulated arc therapy and a combination of high dose rate and volumetric modulated arc therapy techniques. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
- Determine dosimetric outcomes by comparing integrated boost volumetric modulated arc therapy and a combination of high dose rate and volumetric modulated arc therapy techniques. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
- Explore the predictive value of baseline and early response imaging biomarkers on Local Control. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
- Bank tissue and biofluids for future exploration of the relationship between biopsy tissue/serum/urine and disease recurrence. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
|Study Start Date:||October 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||May 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: Active Radiation Treatment (Cohort 2)||
Radiation: Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) and High-Dose Rate (HDR) Radiotherapy
Patients in this group will receive one of 2 treatment arms of their choice:
Prior Radiation Treatment (Control Cohort)
Patients who received 78Gy RT to the prostate gland 3‐4.5 years prior to enrollment. This group will not be receiving any active treatment
Other: No Active Treatment - completed Prior Radiation
Already had prior radiation treatment. MRI‐guided prostate biopsy at 3 years and PSA per standard practice
This is a prospective two arm phase 2 trial investigating the technical and clinical performance of tumor-targeted (rather than prostate targeted) radiotherapy.
Cohort 1 (Control group): This group consists of patients who have had previous radiation. This group will not receive any active treatment but will have a biopsy at 3 years from the time they completed their radiation therapy. Patient in this group will also continue to have their PSA checked per standard practice
Cohort 2 (Experimental group): Patients in this group will receive one of 2 treatment arms of their choice. In addition to the MRI-guided prostate biopsy at 3 years and regular standard of care PSA checks, this group will also complete a quality of life questionnaire and have regular imaging per standard practice.
Both groups will be followed by the research team per protocol.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01802242
|Contact: Peter Chung, MB ChB||416 946 4501 ext 6522||Peter.Chung@rmp.uhn.on.ca|
|Contact: Cynthia Ménard, MD||514 890-8000 ext email@example.com|
|University Health Network, The Princess Margaret||Recruiting|
|Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2M9|
|Contact: Peter Chung, MB ChB 416 946 4501 ext 6522 Peter.Chung@rmp.uhn.on.ca|
|Principal Investigator: Peter Chung, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Peter Chung, MB ChB||University Health Network, The Princess Margaret|