Kidney and Periodontal Disease Study (KAPD)
Chronic Kidney Disease
Procedure: Scaling and root planing
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Kidney and Periodontal Disease Study|
- Number of participants completing study protocol [ Time Frame: conclusion of study (month 12) ]The investigators will determine the number of participants who complete baseline, month 4, month 8, and month 12 study visits.
- Change in estimated glomerular filtration rate [ Time Frame: baseline to 12 month ]Using the creatinine-based CKD-EPI equation, the investigators will determine change in estimated glomerular filtration rate from baseline to 12 month by individual and treatment group
|Study Start Date:||February 2014|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||September 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: Control/Delayed Treatment
Baseline panoramic x-ray (Panorex) and complete oral examinations at every visit. Rescue scaling and root planing only to sites of periodontal disease progression (since prior examination) of greater than 3mm. Subjects will be informed of their assignment to the delayed treatment group and provided referral list of local dentists should patient not feel comfortable waiting until end of study for full intensive periodontal disease treatment. Written and verbal instruction in oral hygiene. Provision of oral hygiene supplies.
Active Comparator: Intensive periodontal disease treatment
Baseline panoramic x-ray (Panorex) and complete oral examinations at every visit. Intensive periodontal disease treatment to include administration of local anesthetic to up to two quadrants for scaling and root planing with ultrasonic and hand instruments. Minocycline will be applied to any sites with probing depth >=5mm. Hopeless teeth in scaled quadrants will be extracted. Written and verbal instruction in oral hygiene. Provision of oral hygiene supplies.
Procedure: Scaling and root planing
non-surgical periodontal disease treatment
Other Names:Drug: Minocycline
Other Name: Arestin
This is a randomized controlled pilot trial to two intention-to-treat treatment arms: intensive periodontal therapy or control-delayed periodontal therapy. The investigators' goals are to test the feasibility of conducting this trial among an underserved (mostly poor and low literacy) population and to determine the variability of renal and inflammatory biomarkers in response to intensive periodontal therapy over a 12 month period among participants with both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and significant periodontal disease.
Randomization will be restricted with respect to diabetes (a strong risk factor for causing/aggravating both CKD and periodontal disease) to prevent an imbalance between the two arms. The investigators will recruit 51 patients from the San Francisco General Hospital (SFGH) Renal Clinic. Participants will be assigned 2:1 to the intervention group for the intensive periodontal treatment protocol (n=34) or to the control/delayed treatment group for rescue periodontal treatment only with intensive treatment at the end of the study (n=17).
A large scale randomized controlled trial of intensive periodontal treatment among the underserved will be feasible (with respect to enrollment, randomization, adherence and variability in clinical outcomes).
- To assess the feasibility of recruiting patients to this pilot trial.
- To determine the variability of kidney biomarkers in response to periodontal disease treatment.
The investigators will calculate descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation) of each clinical outcome which will include a traditional marker of kidney function (serum creatinine), markers of kidney structure [as glomerular injury (albuminuria) and tubular injury (neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL))]; a marker of vascular endothelial injury (asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA)); and markers of systemic inflammation (IL-6 and C-reactive protein) measured at baseline, study month 4, and study month 12. The investigators will use repeated-measures generalized estimating equations (GEE) to compare changes in clinical outcomes over time within each treatment group and to compare differences between treatment groups taking individual change over time into account.
Sample Size Calculation:
This is a pilot study. To the investigators' knowledge, there are no existing data of the anticipated effect size of periodontal treatment to inform sample size calculations. However, because a primary aim is to determine the variability of various renal and inflammatory biomarkers, the investigators seek to enroll at least 30 subjects in the intervention arm of the trial.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01802216
|Principal Investigator:||Vanessa Grubbs, MD, MPH||University of California, San Francisco|