A Pilot Study of N-acetylcysteine in Patients With Sickle Cell Disease (NACinSCD)
Part 1: A pilot study in patients with homozygous S (HbSS) or hemoglobin S with beta zero thalassemia(HbS-βo thalassemia), with the aim of examining the effect of intravenous NAC treatment on plasma VWF parameters and measures of redox and RBC function.
Part 2: A pilot study in patients with sickle cell disease admitted to the hospital in vaso-occlusive crisis to determine the effects of NAC infusions on plasma VWF parameters and measures of redox and RBC function, and on measures of pain and hospital length of stay.
|Sickle Cell Disease Sickle Cell Anemia||Drug: N-Acetylcysteine||Phase 1 Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Pilot Study of N-acetylcysteine in Patients With Sickle Cell Disease|
- Laboratory measures of VWF activity [ Time Frame: Part 1, Prior to during and following one day infusion or during oral administration; Part 2, daily during infusion and just following infusion completion ]To determine if NAC, given intravenously as a one day infusion, orally as an outpatient or during hospitalization for VOC has an effect on VWF level or function.
- Laboratory measures of red blood cell hemolysis and oxidation [ Time Frame: Red blood cell (RBC) lab measures will be drawn prior to infusion, at the end of the infusion, 1 and 3 days following the end of the infusion, once a week during oral administration, and daily during hospitalization ]To determine effects of NAC treatment on laboratory markers of sickle cell disease by measuring a) lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) B) reticulocyte count, and c) percent dense cells and on oxidation by measuring RBC glutathione.
- Adverse events during and following NAC administration [ Time Frame: Adverse events will be measured from time of consent to completion of study, with particular attention to times around and during administration. ]To assess safety by evaluating subjects for adverse events during and at time points following administration.
- Pain during VOC [ Time Frame: Before and following each NAC infusion while hospitalized ]Pain will be measured using visual analog scale and numerical rating scale at study entry, and before and at completion of each infusion during hospitalization for VOC
- Use of pain medications in morphine equivalents [ Time Frame: Morphine equivalents for the hospitalization during which NAC was administered compared to past VOC admissions ]Data on morphine equivalents administered during the study hospitalization will be compared to those of past admissions.
- Hospital length of stay (LOS) [ Time Frame: Days of hospitalization during study compared to past hospitalizations for VOC ]LOS will be calculated by days of hospitalization when study drug is administered compared to past LOS for VOC admissions
|Study Start Date:||March 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Oral N-acetylcysteine (NAC)
Eligible subjects who did not participate in Intravenous NAC or subjects who are at least 4 weeks after participation in Intravenous NAC, will be given Oral NAC at a dose of 2400mg daily, in two equally divided doses, for 4 weeks. Subjects will have blood drawn prior to beginning the phase and weekly for 4 weeks. At each visit interim medical events and adverse events will be collected.
Oral and Intravenous administration of NAC
Experimental: Intravenous N-acetylcysteine (NAC)
For part 1, Eligible subjects who did not participate in Oral NAC or subjects at least 4 weeks after oral NAC will receive IV NAC 150 mg/kg over 8 hours. At least four weeks after the first infusion, the subject will receive IV NAC 300 mg/kg over 8 hours.
For part 2, Eligible subjects with sickle cell disease and hospitalization for VOC within the past 2 years, who now present in VOC will be enrolled. Subjects will receive IV NAC 75 mg/kg over 1 hour every 6 hours for 5 days or discharge, whichever occurs earlier.
Oral and Intravenous administration of NAC
Two primary processes dominate the complications associated with sickle cell disease (SCD): vasoocclusion and hemolysis. The plasma and vessel wall adhesive protein von Willebrand factor (VWF) is thought to be involved in both of these processes, so strategies aimed at reducing its secretion or reactivity, which could decrease complications in patients with SCD, are being tested.
Based on prior studies, N-acetylcysteine (NAC) treatment may decrease VWF activity in patients with SCD and may be a useful adjunctive treatment in this disorder.
Part 1 enrolls stable outpatients with homozygous S (HbSS) or hemoglobin S with beta zero thalassemia (HbS-βo thalassemia), with the aim of examining the effect of NAC treatment on VWF parameters, measures of oxidation and RBC fragments. Patients receive IV NAC first at 150 mg/kg over 8 hours and if tolerated, at a later date at 300 mg/kg over 8 hours in the University of Washington Clinical Research Center. Blood is collected for laboratory assessment. Subjects are later offered enrollment in an oral phase.
Part 2, patients with a history of vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) are approached in the outpatient setting to discuss the study. When admitted for VOC, subjects receive NAC as an IV infusion75 mg/kg every 6 hours for up to 5 days. Blood for laboratory assays are collected each morning and pain assessment is performed prior to and following each NAC infusion.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01800526
|United States, Washington|
|University of Washington|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98106|
|Principal Investigator:||Barbara A Konkle, M.D.||Univ. of Washington/Bloodworks Northwest|