PET/MRI in CNS and Extra-CNS Tumors of Patients With Neurofibromatosis-1 (NF1)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: February 25, 2013
Last updated: October 13, 2015
Last verified: October 2015

This prospective pilot study is designed to provide preliminary data on the use of Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography-Magnetic Resonance Imaging (FDG-PET-MRI) in patients with neurofibromatosis-1 (NF1) associated optic glioma and plexiform neurofibroma (PN).

Subjects will undergo FDG-PET-MRI scans in place of standard of care imaging at 0 and 12 months, unless more frequent imaging is clinically indicated. Subjects and their family caregivers will also undergo serial interviews and complete questionnaires related to the psychosocial aspects of NF1.

Optic Glioma
Plexiform Neurofibroma

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Pilot Study of [18F] Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (FDG-PET-MRI) in CNS and Extra-CNS Tumors of Patients With Neurofibromatosis-1 (NF1)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Plexiform Neurofibroma Cohort: Difference in FDG-avidity between progressive and non-progressive lesions [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Ratios of SUVmax values within a group of patients who all have progressive disease

  • Optic Glioma Patients: Compare FDG-avidity between patients with progressive and non-progressive disease [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Report descriptive statistics for FDG-PET-MRI results [ Time Frame: 0, 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    SUV max, tumor/brain uptake ratio, tumor/muscle uptake ratio

  • Explore impact of FDG-PET-MRI surveillance on patient and family caregiver uncertainty and psychological distress [ Time Frame: 0, 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: January 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2016
Primary Completion Date: November 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Plexiform Neurofibroma
NF1 associated plexiform neurofibroma
Optic Glioma
NF1 associated optic glioma


Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
UNC Hospitals

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosed with neurofibromatosis-1 with either optic glioma, due for imaging scan, or plexiform neurofibroma, due for imaging secondary to clinical signs or symptoms of progressive disease
  • ≥ 6 years of age
  • English-speaking
  • If female of child-bearing potential, negative urine pregnancy test performed within 7 days prior to each FDG-PET-MRI
  • Study-specific informed consent or assent obtained and signed

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unable to undergo FDG-PET-MRI without sedation
  • Currently undergoing chemotherapy for progressing optic glioma
  • Pregnant or lactating female
  • Poorly controlled diabetes mellitus
  • Presence of pacemaker, intracranial aneurysm clip, cochlear implant, metal halo device, epicardial pacemaker leads, or any other device that makes MRI unsafe
  • Serum creatinine > 1.8 mg/dL OR GFR < 30 mL/min
  • Unable to lie flat for > 1 hour
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) > 35
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01800032

United States, North Carolina
University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
Sponsors and Collaborators
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Principal Investigator: Timothy Gershon, MD, PhD University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  More Information

Responsible Party: UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT01800032     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LCCC1222 
Study First Received: February 25, 2013
Last Updated: October 13, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board
United States: Data and Safety Monitoring Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neurofibroma, Plexiform
Neurofibromatosis 1
Nerve Sheath Neoplasms
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary
Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neurocutaneous Syndromes
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms processed this record on May 24, 2016