Clofarabine for Langerhans in Pedi
This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the effectiveness of an investigational drug to learn whether the drug works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the drug is still being studied and that research doctors are trying to find out more about it-such as the safest dose to use, the side effects it may cause, and if the drug is effective for treating different diseases. It also means that the FDA has not yet approved clofarabine for your disease.
Clofarabine is a chemotherapy drug that has been used in the treatment of leukemia in children and adults. Information from other research studies suggests that this drug may also be effective in patients with LCH.
The purpose of this study is to estimate the response rates of participants with recurrent LCH to clofarabine within each of two strata: a) low-risk participants with disease reactivation, and b) high-risk participants with risk-organ involvement.
Other purposes are to estimate the progression-free survival after clofarabine treatment, estimate survival of participants with refractory multi-system LCH with risk organ involvement treated with clofarabine and to describe toxicities of clofarabine in participants with LCH.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase II Study of Clofarabine in Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis|
- Estimated Response Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]To estimate the response rate of participants with recurrent LCH to clofarabine within each of two strata: a) low-risk participants with disease reactivation; and b) high-risk participants with risk-organ involvement that is refractory to standard treatment.
- Estimated of Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]To estimate the progression-free survival after clofarabine treatment
- Estimated survival with risk organ involvement [ Time Frame: 2 years ]To estimate survival of participants with refractory multi-system LCH with risk organ involvement treated with clofarabine
- Chemotherapy feasibility [ Time Frame: 2 years ]To determine if clofarabine therapy can be delivered as planned ('chemotherapy feasibility'), and to describe toxicities of clofarabine in participants with LCH.
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||October 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Multifocal or Low-Risk Multi System Clofarabine, Low Dose, Two Cycles
High-risk Multi System Clofarabine, Standard Dose, Two Cycles
If you are willing to participate in this research study you will be asked to undergo some screening test or procedure to find out if you are eligible. Many of these tests and procedures are likely to be part of regular care and may be done even if it turns out that you do not take part in the research study. If you have had some of these tests or procedures recently, they may or may not have to be repeated. These tests and procedures include the following: a medical history, performance status, blood tests, assessment of disease and pregnancy test. If these tests show that you are eligible to participate in the research study, you will begin the study treatment. If you do not meet the eligibility criteria, you will not be able to participate in this research study. After confirming eligibility you will also have a bone marrow test, electrocardiogram and urinalysis.
You will receive a maximum of 6 cycles of study treatment. Each treatment cycle will last approximately 4 weeks. In each cycle, you will receive the study drug clofarabine daily on the first 5 days (days 1 to 5) and rest for the remaining days. Clofarabine will be administered into the vein (IV) over two hours in the clinic or in the hospital. If you have high-risk disease, the dose of clofarabine will be higher during the first two cycles.
Before the start of each cycle, and at the end of your therapy, you will have a physical exam and you will be asked questions about your general health and specific questions about any problems that you are having and any medications you are taking. You will also have blood and urine tests done to monitor organ functions. You will also undergo an assessment of your disease by x-ray, CT scan, MRI or PET or bone scans, which wil be performed every two cycles and at the end of study treatment.
After the final dose of the study drug there will be a follow up period. Once every three months for the first year, twice yearly for the second and third years, and then annually, you will have a physical exam and be asked questions about your general health. You will also have blood and urine tests performed.
Twice yearly for the first three years, x-ray, CT scan, MRI, PET, and/or bone scans will be repeated if your doctor feels they are necessary.