Study on the Oxygen Saturation in Pulsating and Non-pulsating Central Retinal Veins

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01794442
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified January 2013 by Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : February 18, 2013
Last Update Posted : May 29, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven

Brief Summary:

Retinal ischemia is thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of glaucoma. Recent findings have confirmed that there is a direct correlation between the levels of venous oxygen saturation and the degree of the glaucomatous disease, presumably due to a decrease in retinal cell metabolism.

However, glaucoma patients have been suggested to have a different pattern in retinal venous circulation. For instance, the observation of a visible pulsating central retinal vein is a phenomenon that can be seen in up to 98% of the healthy individuals but is identifiable in less than 50% of glaucoma patients. While the nature of these venous changes are not year clear, the lack of a visible pulsating flow could suggest an increased intraluminal venous pressure due to some obstruction from both ocular or extraocular structures. This undetermined increase in venous pulse pressure could then significantly decrease perfusion pressures and therefore further decrease oxygen supply to the retinal tissues.

The investigators will therefore try to determine if there is a significant difference between the oxygen saturation of the retinal vessels in both glaucoma patients with and without a visible pulsating central vein

Condition or disease
Open Angle Glaucoma Normal Tension Glaucoma

Detailed Description:
  1. Visual field examen will be performed.
  2. Structural examination of the optic disc (confocal microscopy) will be performed.
  3. Spontaneous venous pulsation will be recorded after a one minute fundoscopy observation.
  4. Oximetry reading in the non-contact retinal oximetry of the first 3 order retinal vessels

Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 120 participants
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Correlation Between Retinal Metabolism and the Observation of a Visible Retinal Spontaneous Venous Pulse
Study Start Date : January 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Healthy volunteers with no family history of glaucoma, an increased or asymmetrical cup/disc ratio or any other optic disc structural change (notching, disc hemorrhage) or an intraocular pressure (IOP) above 21 mmHg that could suggest possible glaucoma suspects.
Primary open-angle glaucoma
Patients with a characteristic optic disc damage (based on cup/disc ratio, thinning of neuroretinal rim, notching, disk hemorrhages, etc.) and visual field defects, with at least one measurement of IOP of >21 mmHg required
Normal Tension Glaucoma
Patients with a characteristic optic disc damage (based on cup/disc ratio, thinning of neuroretinal rim, notching, disk hemorrhages, etc.) and visual field defects, with at maximum recorded IOP of < 21 mmHg

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Retinal Oxygen saturation in retinal veins with absent pulsation [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months ]
    We will assess, through analysing the oximetry recordings from both pulsating and non-pulsating retinal veins, whether there are any differences in venous or arterial-venous oxygen saturation in primary open-angle glaucoma patients

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
primary care clinic

Inclusion Criteria:

  • individuals over 18 years old
  • willing to sign an informed consent and able to comply with the requirements of the study
  • having no other ocular diseases besides glaucoma

Exclusion Criteria:

  • history of ocular trauma
  • intraocular surgery (except for cataract surgery)
  • eye disease (except glaucoma)
  • systemic diseases with ocular involvement like diabetes

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01794442

UZ Leuven Recruiting
Leuven, Vlaams-Brabant, Belgium, 3000 Leuven
Contact: Luis Pinto, MD, PhD   
Principal Investigator: Ingeborg Stalmans, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Evelien Vandewalle, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Luis Pinto, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven
Principal Investigator: Ingeborg Stalmans, ND, PhD UZ Leuven

Responsible Party: Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven Identifier: NCT01794442     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: S120213
First Posted: February 18, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 29, 2015
Last Verified: January 2013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glaucoma, Open-Angle
Low Tension Glaucoma
Ocular Hypertension
Eye Diseases
Optic Nerve Diseases