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Clinical Trial of CDX-1135 in Pediatric and Adult Patients With Dense Deposit Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01791686
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Portfolio prioritization due to slow enrollment and variable spectrum of potential complement abnormalities in DDD patients.)
First Posted : February 15, 2013
Last Update Posted : March 7, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Celldex Therapeutics

Brief Summary:
This study is evaluating the study drug (CDX-1135) in patients with dense deposit disease (DDD). The objective is to evaluate the safety and activity of repeated doses of CDX-1135 in pediatric and adult patients with DDD. After screening, eligible patients will be entered into the Induction Period. The Induction Period is up to 4 weeks. Following normalization of complement activity, patients will enter into the Maintenance Period.The total treatment duration is up to 26 weeks.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dense Deposit Disease Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis Type II C3 Glomerulonephritis Drug: CDX-1135 Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot, Open-label, Multicenter Clinical Trial of CDX-1135 in Pediatric and Adult Patients With Dense Deposit Disease
Study Start Date : January 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dense Deposit Disease

► Induction Period

Patients will receive CDX-1135 as an IV infusion twice weekly (Mon-Thur or Tues-Fri). There will be two doses of 5 mg/kg, with intrapatient dose-escalation in 5 mg/kg increments up to a maximum dose of 30 mg/kg. This period may last up to 8 weeks.

► Maintenance Period

The starting dose for CDX-1135 Maintenance will be the same dose level as the last dose during the Induction Period; however, the Maintenance Period allows for dose decrease to 2 mg/kg, which is lower than the starting dose in the Induction Period.

Patients will receive CDX-1135 as an IV infusion twice weekly (Mon-Thur or Tues-Fri) for up to a total of 26 weeks.

Drug: CDX-1135
Other Names:
  • TP10
  • sCR1

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety [ Time Frame: From first study drug dose for up to 26 weeks ]
    • Incidence and severity of adverse events (AE) will be assessed at every visit. AEs and serious adverse events (SAEs) will be assessed from the first dose of study drug through 33 days after the last dose
    • To evaluate the safety of repeated dosing in patients with DDD. Safety will be assessed based on changes in clinical laboratory tests, physical exams, vital signs, ophthalmic exams and ECGs [for patients ≥ 35 years of age].

  2. C3 and AP Normalization [ Time Frame: Regular assessments from study start up to 26 weeks ]
    The proportion of patients with normalization of serum C3, serum C3 breakdown products, or alternative pathway (AP) complement activity. These blood tests will be assessed on each dosing day and upon Study Completion /Termination.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Duration of and time to normalize C3 and AP [ Time Frame: Regular assessments from study start up to 26 weeks ]
    Time to normalization of serum levels of C3 or C3 breakdown products and duration of normalization and assays of alternative pathway activity. These blood tests will be assessed on each dosing day and upon Study Completion /Termination.

  2. Renal Function [ Time Frame: Regularly from study start up to 26 weeks ]
    Stabilization and/or improvement in renal function (as measured by serum creatinine and proteinuria). These lab tests will be performed weekly during the Induction Period, monthly during the Maintenance Period and upon Study Completion /Termination.

  3. Renal biopsy [ Time Frame: Occurs up to 3 times from study start up to 26 weeks ]
    Improvement on renal biopsy (as measured by reduction in C3 deposition in the glomerular basement membrane). This biopsy may be performed during screening, week 13, and upon Study Completion /Termination.

  4. Immunogenicity [ Time Frame: Regular assessments from study start up to 26 weeks ]
    Immunogenicity (development of antibodies to CDX-1135). This sample will be collected prior to dosing on Week 1, monthly during treatment, and upon Study Completion /Termination

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. CDX-1135 concentrations [ Time Frame: Regular assessments from study start up to 26 weeks ]
    Serum concentrations of CDX-1135 will be determined from blood samples collected prior to dosing and post-dosing. (on each dosing day)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   4 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Among other criteria, patients must be

  1. Patient and/or parent/legal guardian (as appropriate) must give written informed consent
  2. Four (4) years of age or older
  3. Must have DDD, confirmed by renal biopsy within 6 months of study enrollment (Confirmation by University of Iowa investigators is required). If the patient is post transplant, the repeat renal transplant biopsy must show C3 dominant glomerulonephritis, and the patient must have a history of known DDD in the native kidney
  4. Signs of abnormal complement pathway activity
  5. Serum creatinine level must be abnormal
  6. Screening lab values criteria:

    1. Hgb ≥ 9.0 g/dL
    2. Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm^3
    3. ALT and AST ≤ 3.0 x upper limit of normal
    4. C3 serum <50% of the lower limit of normal
    5. 24 hour urine protein >1000 mg/day, or urine protein:creatinine ratio >1.0
  7. Both male and female patients of childbearing potential enrolled must use adequate birth control during the trial and for 1 month after stopping study drug
  8. Willing and able to comply with study procedures, including pre-study vaccinations (meningitis, haemophilus and pneumococci) and agree to a renal biopsy at Week 13 and at the end of the study
  9. Any anti-proteinuric medications (eg, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers) must be at a stable dose for 4 weeks prior to first dose of CDX-1135

Exclusion Criteria:

Among other criteria, patients must not be

  1. Dialysis or a low estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 ml/min/1.73m^2 over a 4-week period prior to Screening
  2. Active or untreated systemic bacterial infection
  3. Pregnant or lactating
  4. Rituximab therapy (unless discontinued with B cell levels and immunoglobulin levels normalized by study entry)
  5. Immunosuppressive therapies (except for low dose steroids [≤10 mg per day] given for non-DDD related conditions such as asthma). Exceptions will be made for renal transplant patients, who may receive any appropriate therapies as needed to maintain the transplant (i.e., to prevent rejection)
  6. Treatment with any complement inhibitor within 3 months of study entry or any other investigational drug, device, or experimental procedure within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
  7. For renal transplant patients only: histology findings of treatable rejection (i.e. that the usual transplant physician would seek to treat). Chronic allograft nephropathy is not exclusionary provided the patient's glomerular filtration rate meets other entry criteria
  8. Preexisting condition with an association as a potential cause of DDD (i.e., Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance) or an alternate glomerular disease
  9. Cancer except for adequately treated and cured basal or squamous cell skin cancer, curatively treated in situ disease, or other cancer that the patient has been disease-free for ≥ 5 years
  10. Myocardial infarction within 1 year of screening, congestive heart failure, arrhythmia persistent on medication at screening or chronic lung disease
  11. Known HIV, Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C
  12. Any medical or psychological condition that would increase the patient's risk by being in this study or would interfere with interpretation of the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01791686

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United States, Iowa
University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
Sponsors and Collaborators
Celldex Therapeutics
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Principal Investigator: Carla Nester, MD, MSA University of Iowa
Principal Investigator: Richard Smith, MD University of Iowa
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Responsible Party: Celldex Therapeutics Identifier: NCT01791686    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDX1135-01
First Posted: February 15, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 7, 2014
Last Verified: March 2014
Keywords provided by Celldex Therapeutics:
Dense Deposit Disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Glomerulonephritis, Membranoproliferative
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Immune System Diseases