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Seek, Test, and Retain. Linkages for Black HIV+, Substance-Using MSM (STAR)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01790360
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 13, 2013
Last Update Posted : April 6, 2022
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Columbia University

Brief Summary:
The study will seek and recruit substance-using Black Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) in New York City for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) testing and will link and retain those who are HIV infected in HIV primary care. The STAR study has two primary objectives: to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) in the substance using Black MSM population for identifying individuals who are HIV infected and not in care; and to assess the relative effectiveness of patient navigation and financial incentives in linkage and retention to HIV care.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Substance Abuse Sexual Behavior Behavioral: Patient Navigation (PN) Intervention Behavioral: Financial Incentives (FI) Intervention Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The HIV epidemic in the United States most severely affects men who have sex with men (MSM): 61% of all new infections occur in this population. Black MSM bear a disproportionate burden, with prevalence of 28%, in contrast to 19% in MSM overall. Black MSM undergo HIV testing less frequently than other MSM; are less likely to be aware that they are HIV infected; are more likely to experience delays in entry into HIV care; and are less likely to be prescribed antiretroviral therapy (ART) when eligible. These disparities are pronounced in substance-using MSM, as substance users are at elevated risk of late diagnosis and delayed engagement in HIV care. The combination of pervasive stigma associated with MSM behavior and high rates of substance use hinders effective prevention efforts in this population, even as the prevalence of infection in Black MSM in some US cities approaches 50%. Reducing HIV-related disparities in MSM and among Black Americans are National HIV/AIDS Strategy priorities and are essential to the effort to control and prevent HIV/AIDS in the US.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1930 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Screening
Official Title: Seek, Test, and Retain. Linkages for Black HIV+, Substance-Using Men Who Have Sex With Men.
Actual Study Start Date : July 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : November 17, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Patient Navigation (PN)
Behavioral Intervention: 'Patient Navigation (PN) Intervention' participants will receive support from navigators in choosing a provider and remembering to attend appointments
Behavioral: Patient Navigation (PN) Intervention
Patient Navigation is defined as an individual relationship between a navigator and participant to promote retention in the continuum of HIV care . For this study, three experienced navigators will be hired. Their primary role will be to ensure that participants are linked to an HIV primary care provider, that they attend at least one scheduled visit within three months of receiving a confirmed HIV diagnosis, and that they are retained in care (as defined by attending three HIV visits within nine months of diagnosis). To promote linkage to HIV care, navigators will help participants identify material and other barriers to accessing care and will work with participants to overcome those barriers.
Other Names:
  • PN Intervention
  • PN

Experimental: Financial Incentives (FI)
Behavioral Intervention: 'Financial Incentives (FI) Intervention' participants will receive gift cards and money for attending clinic visits
Behavioral: Financial Incentives (FI) Intervention
After confirmation that they have completed their first HIV primary care visit, Financial Incentive participants will receive a gift card. Additionally, the coordinator will flip a coin and give participants a bonus gift card if the coin flip comes up heads. Participants who attend the second HIV primary care visit will receive a gift card. Patients who attend a third HIV primary care visit will receive a gift card. Study staff will be responsible for confirming participants' attendance at appointments.
Other Names:
  • FI Intervention
  • FI

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Retention Rate (Linkage to Care) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months from HIV diagnosis ]
    Linkage to care will be defined as the attendance of at least one scheduled HIV primary care visit within three months of receiving a confirmed HIV diagnosis. Retention in care will be defined as three visits within nine months of HIV diagnosis.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dollars per patient linked and retained in care [ Time Frame: Up to 9 months ]
    We will calculate dollars per patient linked and retained in care to measure cost-effectiveness of the two linkage/retention interventions: costs administering the incentives for the financial incentives arm and staffing costs for the peer navigation arm. All such values will then be adjusted by the opportunity cost of each participant's time. In addition, we will include fixed costs (eg, pamphlets and teaching materials to train the navigators) and the cost of space required to host the navigators.

  2. Proportion of substance-using Black MSM who are recruited [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Effectiveness of Respondent-Driven Sampling (RDS) for seeking and recruiting substance-using Black MSM: the characteristics of RDS will be estimated using conventional proportion calculations, with confidence intervals.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Self-identify as Black, African American, Caribbean Black, or multi-ethnic Black
  • Identify as male
  • Greater than 18 years old
  • Have had sex with a man during the preceding 12 months
  • Have ever used illicit drugs or alcohol to intoxication

Exclusion Criteria:

*Participation in other study assessing linkage and retention in HIV care

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01790360

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United States, New York
Harlem Prevention Center
New York, New York, United States, 10027
Sponsors and Collaborators
Columbia University
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
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Principal Investigator: Wafaa M El-Sadr, MD Columbia University
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Columbia University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01790360    
Other Study ID Numbers: AAAI1585
1R01DA032100-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: February 13, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 6, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Keywords provided by Columbia University:
Substance Abuse
Sexual Behavior
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders