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Trial record 2 of 3 for:    nk cell study charite

Monitoring Natural Killer Cells in Multiple Sclerosis Patients Treated With Fingolimod

This study is currently recruiting participants.
See Contacts and Locations
Verified August 2017 by Jan-Markus Dörr, Charite University, Berlin, Germany
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Dr. Carmen Infante-Duarte
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jan-Markus Dörr, Charite University, Berlin, Germany
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01790269
First received: February 8, 2013
Last updated: August 1, 2017
Last verified: August 2017
  Purpose

Data on fingolimod effects on NK cells are so far conflicting. A longitudinal study on fingolimod treated kidney transplant patients showed that NK cells were not influenced in any of the treatment groups. However, more recent reports indicate an increased frequency of NK cells in peripheral blood and CSF of MS patients treated with fingolimod and a relative reduction of immature CD56bright NK cells in fingolimod-treated MS patients. It has been demonstrated that the expression of NK cell relevant sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptors seems to increase during NK cell maturation. Thus, different NK cell sub-types may response differently to S1P-receptor agonist such as fingolimod.

Therefore, the investigators aim to investigate longitudinally (baseline vs. treatment) the effects of fingolimod on NK cell maturation/differentiation.


Condition
Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Monitoring Natural Killer Cells in Multiple Sclerosis Patients Treated With Fingolimod: a Monocentric, Prospective, One Year, Baseline-to-treatment, Open-label Single Group Pilot Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Jan-Markus Dörr, Charite University, Berlin, Germany:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Status of NK cell maturation [ Time Frame: Baseline to (12 months) treatment ]
    Status of NK cell maturation, defined as the ratio immature NK cells / total NK cells (percentage), before fingolimod treatment vs. after 12 months of treatment (V4). The maturation status is determined by the expression of certain cell surface markers which can be evaluated by flow cytometry.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • NK cell frequency [ Time Frame: Baseline, +1 mo, +3 mo, +6 mo, +12 mo ]
    NK cell frequency at all time points (determined by flow cytometry)

  • Percentage immature NK cells/total NK cells [ Time Frame: Baseline, +1 mo, +3 mo, +6 mo, +12 mo ]
    Percentage immature NK cells/total NK cells at all time points

  • NK cell activation [ Time Frame: Baseline, +1 mo, +3 mo, +6 mo, +12 mo ]
    NK cell activation (expression of certain cell surface markers determined by flow cytometry) at all time points

  • NK cell maturation and activation [ Time Frame: Baseline, +1 mo, +3 mo, +6 mo, +12 mo ]
    NK cell maturation and activation in relation to clinically detectable therapeutic effect (determined a) by annual relapse rate over study period vs. annualized relapse rate in the preceding two years; and b) by the development of disability (determined by Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) during treatment with fingolimod)

  • NK cell cytotoxicity and the cytokine production [ Time Frame: Baseline, +1 mo, +3 mo, +6 mo, +12 mo ]
    NK cell cytotoxicity and the cytokine production (IL-15, IL-13, IL-5, GM-CSF, IFN-gamma)


Estimated Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: September 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: November 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
fingolimod treated patients
Indication for on-label treatment with fingolimod (Gilenya®) according to the current approval

Detailed Description:

In the past decade, it has become evident that natural killer (NK) cells are more than simply killers and seem to be involved in the regulation of autoimmune conditions such as Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Yet, the complexity of NK cell activation and maturation is only now being understood. Several recent publications have reported on markers characterizing different stages of human NK cell maturation/ differentiation, including CD27, CD62L, CD94 and CD57. In our more recent study, the investigators demonstrated that the chemokine receptor CX3CR1 represents an additional marker for NK cells, which in conjunction with other novel markers, serves to delineate the sequential stages of human NK cell differentiation. CX3CR1 has been suggested to be essential for the protective effects of NK cells in the animal model of MS. In this context, the investigators previously reported on the correlation of the frequency of circulating CX3CR1-positive NK cells with disease activity in patients with MS. Moreover, our unpublished data indicates an association of genetic variation in NK cell-related genes and response to IFN-beta treatment. Thus, it appears that NK cells (or at least certain NK cell fractions) may be not only protective in MS but also mediators of therapeutic benefits.

Fingolimod (GILENYA®) is a modulator of the sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor (S1P-receptors) indicated for the treatment of patients with relapsing forms of MS to reduce the frequency of clinical relapses. Gilenya® is licensed in Germany since April 2011 as an escalation therapy for patients with highly active RRMS.

Data on fingolimod effects on NK cells are so far conflicting. A longitudinal study on fingolimod treated kidney transplant patients showed that NK cells were not influenced in any of the treatment groups. However, more recent reports indicate an increased frequency of NK cells in peripheral blood and CSF of MS patients treated with fingolimod and a relative reduction of immature CD56bright NK cells in fingolimod-treated MS patients. However, this latter study exclusively compared frequencies of NK cells in untreated MS patients and patients treated with fingolimod, while longitudinal intraindividual data during treatment was not presented.

Moreover, these two studies have not considered the potential diverse effects of fingolimod on different NK cells subpopulations. It has been demonstrated that the expression of NK cell relevant sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptors seems to increase during NK cell maturation. Thus, different NK cell sub-types may response differently to S1P-receptor agonist such as fingolimod.

Therefore, the investigators aim to investigate longitudinally (baseline vs. treatment) the effects of fingolimod on NK cell maturation/differentiation.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 64 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Definite diagnosis of Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis according to the 2010 revised McDonald criteria (Polman et al., 2011)
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Definite diagnosis of RRMS according to the 2010 revised McDonald criteria (Polman et al., 2011)
  • 18 to 64 years old
  • Indication for on-label treatment with fingolimod (Gilenya®) ac-cording to the current approval
  • EDSS score ≤ 6,0
  • Neurological stable with no evidence of relapse or corticosteroid treatment within 30 days prior to screening
  • Ability to provide written informed consent
  • Highly effective contraception (Pearl Index < 1), reliable abstinence from any heterosexual relationships, or sterilization of the only partner in women of childbearing potential
  • Negative pregnancy test (HCG rapid test in the urine) at screening and baseline in women of childbearing potential

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with MS manifestations other than RRMS
  • Patients with known contraindications to Gilenya® according to the current "Fachinformation", in particular
  • Immunodeficiency syndrome
  • Increased risk of opportunistic infections
  • Severe active or chronic active infections (hepatitis, tuberculosis)
  • History or presence of malignancy (other than localized basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin). Severe liver dysfunction (Child Pugh C)
  • Hypersensitivity against active or any other compound of study medication
  • 2nd degree Mobitz Type II or higher degree AV block, Sick-sinus syndrome, or Sinuatrial heart block, Significant QT prolongation (QTc>470 msec (female) or >450 msec (males))
  • History of symptomatic bradycardia or recurrent syncope, known ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, history of myocardial infarction, hypokalaemia, congestive heart failure, history of cardiac arrest, uncontrolled hypertension, or severe sleep apnea. Patients with clinically significant liver, kidney or bone marrow dysfunction, defined by the following laboratory values at the time of screening:
  • HB <8.5 g / dl
  • WBC <2.5 / nl
  • platelets <100/nl
  • creatinine clearance by Cockroft-Gault formula: Cl <110ml/min (men) and Cl <95ml/min (women), from age of 30 limit drops 10ml/min per decade
  • AST / ALT> 3.5 times higher than the upper reference value
  • bilirubin > 2.0 mg / dl
  • Patients without a history of varicella or without vaccination against varicella zoster virus (VZV) and VZV negative antibody serology
  • Pregnancy or lactation
  • Participation in another interventional clinical trial within the last 3 months prior to baseline or during the study period
  • Treatment with Natalizumab within the last 3 months prior to baseline, treatment with mitoxantrone, azathioprine or any other immunosuppressive drugs except prednisolone within the last 6 months prior to baseline.
  • Patients receiving antiarrythmics class Ia (e.g. quinidine, disopyramide) or class III (e.g. amiodarone, sotalol) or beta blockers. Patients receiving heart rate lowering calcium channel blockers (e.g. verapamil, diltiazem or ivabradine) or other sub-stances which may decrease heart rate (e.g. digoxin, anticholinesteratic agents or pilocarpine).
  • Medical, psychiatric or other conditions that limit the patient' s ability to understand the patient's information, to give informed consent or to follow the study protocol
  • Lack of consent to the storage and analysis of pseudonymous data in the context of the clinical trial
  • Prisoners or patients that are housed in an judicial institution
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01790269

Contacts
Contact: Jan-Markus Dörr, MD +49 30 450660162 jan-markus.doerr@charite.de
Contact: Bettina Zwingenberger +49 30 450639736 bettina.zwingenberger@charite.de

Locations
Germany
Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin Recruiting
Berlin, Germany, 10117
Principal Investigator: Jan-Markus Dörr, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Charite University, Berlin, Germany
Dr. Carmen Infante-Duarte
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jan-Markus Dörr, MD Charite Universitätsmedizin Berlin
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Jan-Markus Dörr, Principal Investigator, Charite University, Berlin, Germany
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01790269     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NKcells Gilenya®-treated MS
Study First Received: February 8, 2013
Last Updated: August 1, 2017

Keywords provided by Jan-Markus Dörr, Charite University, Berlin, Germany:
Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
NK cells
Fingolimod

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Fingolimod Hydrochloride
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 17, 2017