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Vorinostat, Tacrolimus, and Methotrexate in Preventing GVHD After Stem Cell Transplant in Patients With Hematological Malignancies

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01789255
First received: February 7, 2013
Last updated: October 13, 2015
Last verified: June 2014
  Purpose
This pilot phase II trial studies how well giving vorinostat, tacrolimus, and methotrexate works in preventing graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after stem cell transplant in patients with hematological malignancies. Vorinostat, tacrolimus, and methotrexate may be an effective treatment for GVHD caused by a bone marrow transplant.

Condition Intervention Phase
Accelerated Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22) Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, BCR-ABL1 Positive Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Contiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Contiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Contiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Contiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Contiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Contiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Contiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma Contiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma Contiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue Graft Versus Host Disease Intraocular Lymphoma Myelodysplastic Syndrome With Isolated Del(5q) Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Unclassifiable Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder Primary Central Nervous System Hodgkin Lymphoma Primary Central Nervous System Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Refractory Anemia Refractory Anemia With Excess Blasts Refractory Anemia With Ringed Sideroblasts Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Refractory Cytopenia With Multilineage Dysplasia Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Secondary Central Nervous System Hodgkin Lymphoma Secondary Central Nervous System Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Small Intestine Lymphoma Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage I Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Stage I Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Stage I Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Stage I Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Stage I Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage I Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Stage I Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Stage I Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Stage I Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Stage I Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Stage I Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Stage I Mantle Cell Lymphoma Stage I Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage I Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Stage II Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage II Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Stage III Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage III Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Stage III Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Stage IV Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Testicular Lymphoma Waldenström Macroglobulinemia Drug: vorinostat Drug: tacrolimus Drug: cyclosporine Drug: methotrexate Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Other: pharmacological study Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: A Pilot Trial of Vorinostat Plus Tacrolimus and Methotrexate to Prevent Graft Versus Host Disease Following Unrelated Donor Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The Number of Participants That Experience Grade 2-4 Acute GVHD (Graft Versus Host Disease) by Day 100 [ Time Frame: Day 100 ]

    The incidence of grade 2-4 acute GVHD (Graft Versus Host Disease) by day 100

    Grade 2 GVHD: Maculopapular rash covering 25-50% of BSA (Body Surface Area), bilirubin between 3.1-6 mg/dl, and/ or adult stool output between 1000-1500 ml/day (child between 20-30 ml/kg/day).

    Grade 3 GVHD: Maculopapular rash covering >50% of BSA, bilirubin between 6.1-15 mg/dl, and/ or adult stool output >1500 ml/day (child >30 ml/kg/day).

    Grade 4 GVHD: Generalized erythroderma plus bullous formation and desquamation >5% BSA, bilirubin >15 mg/dl, and/ or severe abdominal pain with or without ileus, or grossly bloody stool.



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Percent of Planned Dose Administered [ Time Frame: Up to day 30 ]
    The addition of vorinostat to tacrolimus and methotrexate for GVHD prophylaxis will be considered feasible if 60% or more of the planned doses are administered.

  • Steroid-free Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Estimated with Kaplan-Meier methods.

  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Estimated with Kaplan-Meier methods.

  • Relapse [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Estimated with Kaplan-Meier methods.

  • Histone Acetylation in Peripheral Blood Stem Cells (PBMC) [ Time Frame: Up to day 100 ]
    Summarized with means and 95% confidence intervals.

  • Plasma Concentrations of Inflammatory GVHD Markers [ Time Frame: Up to day 100 ]
    Summarized with means and 95% confidence intervals.


Enrollment: 12
Study Start Date: June 2013
Study Completion Date: March 2014
Primary Completion Date: March 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Supportive care (vorinostat, tacrolimus, methotrexate)
Patients receive vorinostat PO BID on days -10 to 100. Beginning on day -3, patients receive tacrolimus IV continuously or PO BID (or cyclosporine IV continuously or PO in patients unable to tolerate tacrolimus) with taper on days 100-180.Patients also receive methotrexate IV QD on days 1, 3, 6, and 11.
Drug: vorinostat
Given PO
Other Names:
  • L-001079038
  • SAHA
  • suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid
  • Zolinza
Drug: tacrolimus
Given IV or PO
Other Names:
  • FK 506
  • Prograf
Drug: cyclosporine
Given IV or PO
Other Names:
  • ciclosporin
  • cyclosporin
  • cyclosporin A
  • CYSP
  • Sandimmune
Drug: methotrexate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • amethopterin
  • Folex
  • methylaminopterin
  • Mexate
  • MTX
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the safety and the feasibility of the addition of vorinostat to tacrolimus and methotrexate GVHD prophylaxis.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine day 100 grades 2-4 acute GVHD. II. To determine 1-year overall survival and relapse-free survival. III. To correlate plasma concentrations of inflammatory markers of acute GVHD. IV. To correlate protein acetylation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells before and after administration of vorinostat.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive vorinostat orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days -10 to 100. Beginning on day -3, patients receive tacrolimus intravenously (IV) continuously or PO BID (or cyclosporine IV continuously or PO in patients unable to tolerate tacrolimus) with taper on days 100-180.Patients also receive methotrexate IV once daily (QD) on days 1, 3, 6, and 11.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically for 1 year.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • A prospective patient for allogeneic HSCT for hematologic conditions, both malignant and non-malignant; donor can be unrelated marrow or peripheral blood cells; a patient with history of central nervous system (CNS) involvement is eligible if CNS disease is in remission at time of study consideration
  • The donor and recipient must have a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-8/8 allelic match at the HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DRB1; high-resolution typing is required for all alleles
  • Diagnoses to be included:
  • Acute myelogenous leukemia at the following stages:

    • First remission
    • Second or subsequent remission
    • Complete remission is defined as the absence of blasts in the peripheral circulation at the time of enrollment and < 5% blasts in the bone marrow
  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia at the following stages:

    • First or subsequent chronic phase:

      • Patient refused tyrosine kinase therapy or is otherwise not suited for it
      • Stable, not hematologic remission: blasts present in marrow and/or peripheral blood, but disease does not qualify as accelerated or blast phase
      • Hematologic remission: no blast cells or precursor cells in the blood or marrow
      • Partial cytogenetic remission: Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph+) metaphases > 0% but < 35%
      • Complete cytogenetic remission: absence of Ph+ metaphases
    • Accelerated phase - any one of the following symptoms:

      • White blood cells (WBC) difficult to control (> 50 x 10^9/L despite therapy)
      • Rapid doubling of WBC (< 5 days)
      • 10% blasts in blood or marrow
      • 20% blasts and/or promyelocytes in blood or marrow
      • 20% basophils and/or eosinophils in blood
      • Anemia or thrombocytopenia unresponsive to standard treatment
      • Persistent thrombocytosis (> 1000 x 10^9/L)
      • Cytogenetic abnormalities in addition to Ph+
      • Increasing splenomegaly
      • Marrow fibrosis
  • Myelodysplastic syndromes at any of the following stages:

    • Refractory anemia
    • Refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts
    • Refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia
    • Refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia and ringed sideroblasts
    • Refractory anemia with excess blasts-1 (5-10% blasts)
    • Refractory anemia with excess blasts-2 (10-20% blasts)
    • Myelodysplastic syndrome, unclassified
    • Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) associated with isolated del (5q)
    • Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
  • Primary Myelofibrosis

    • Intermediate-2 risk or high risk disease
    • Patients should have extinguished standard of care options prior to being considered for this trial
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

    • Complete remission: the disease is completely absent and no relapse occurred prior to the preparative regimen; requires all of the following:

      • Nodular partial remission: complete response with persistent lymphoid nodules in bone marrow
      • Partial remission: reduction of more than 50% in the disease burden regardless of the number of lines of therapy received
  • Mature B cell malignancies

    • Patients should have extinguished standard of care options prior to being considered eligible for this trial
    • First complete remission (CR1) confirmed: complete disappearance of all known disease; the term "confirmed" is defined as a laboratory and/or pathological or radiographic determination.
    • CR1 unconfirmed (CRU1): complete disappearance of all known disease with the exception of persistent scan abnormalities of unknown significance; the term "unconfirmed" is defined as scan abnormalities of unknown significance that are not biopsied or otherwise evaluated
    • Second or subsequent complete remission (CR2+) confirmed: the recipient relapsed, then achieved complete absence of disease without radiographic evidence of disease
    • CR2+ unconfirmed: the recipient has achieved a second or subsequent complete response but has persistent radiographic abnormalities of unknown significance.
    • Partial remission: reductions of >= 50% in greatest diameter of all sites of known disease and no new sites
  • Karnofsky >= 70%
  • Life expectancy of greater than 6 months
  • Total bilirubin =< 2.5 mg% (unless from Gilbert's disease or disease-related)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) < 3.0 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Estimated or actual glomerular filtration rate (GFR) > 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal; GFR should be corrected for body surface area (BSA)
  • Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) > 50%; DLCO should be corrected for hemoglobin
  • Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) > 50%
  • Forced vital capacity (FVC) > 50%
  • Ejection fraction >= 50%
  • The effects of vorinostat on the developing human fetus are unknown; for this reason and because histone deacetylase inhibitor agents as well as other therapeutic agents used in this trial (e.g., tacrolimus and methotrexate) are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of vorinostat administration
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Patients must be able to swallow capsules/tablets

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are not a candidate for an unrelated donor allogeneic HSCT based on the current institutional bone marrow transplant (BMT) program clinical practice guidelines; organ function criteria will be utilized per the current institutional BMT program clinical practice guidelines; there will be no restriction to study entry based on hematological parameters
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to vorinostat
  • Patients undergoing a total body irradiation (TBI)-based conditioning regimen (TBI 1200 centigray [cGy])
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements; patients still under therapy for presumed or proven infection are eligible provided there is clear evidence (radiographic findings and/or culture results) that the infection is well-controlled; patients under treatment for infection will be enrolled only after clearance from the Principal Investigator (PI)
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because vorinostat is a histone deacetylase inhibitor agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with vorinostat, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with vorinostat
  • Patients with evidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity and/or positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay, human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV)1/HTLV2 seropositivity; the safety of allogeneic HSCT is not yet well-established for this population
  • Patients with evidence of hepatitis B or hepatitis C PCR positivity; hepatitis reactivation following myelosuppressive therapy can lead to fatal complications
  • Patients with a history of prolonged corrected QT interval (QTc) syndrome
  • Patients asking or who have had prior treatment with a drug like vorinostat (i.e., valproic acid) within the last 30 days
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01789255

Locations
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan University Hospital
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Pavan Reddy University of Michigan University Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01789255     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2013-00355
NCI-2013-00355 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
HUM00070080
UMCC 2012.047 ( Other Identifier: University of Michigan University Hospital )
9330 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
P30CA046592 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: February 7, 2013
Results First Received: August 26, 2015
Last Updated: October 13, 2015

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Lymphoma, Follicular
Anemia
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Neoplasm Metastasis
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Hodgkin Disease
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Burkitt Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic
Plasmablastic Lymphoma
Graft vs Host Disease
Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Anemia, Refractory
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Leukemia, Hairy Cell
Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic-Phase
Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2017